Weekly PIB Analysis News( 8th to 14th July)
Weekly PIB Videos
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MAPPING for PRELIMS
- 1-India & Republic of Marshall Islands (RMI) reaffirm their commitment to further advance ties in areas such as blue economy, climate change, disaster preparedness, health, education & renewable energy
Prelims Important Topics
1-Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Haryana Top Rankers in Ease of Doing Business
- Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, released the final rankings of States in Ease of Doing Business in New Delhi today.
- The top rankers are
- Andhra Pradesh,
- DIPP, Ministry of Commerce and Industry in collaboration with the World Bank conducted an annual reform exercise for all States and UTs
- States and UTs have conducted reforms to ease their regulations and systems in areas such as labour, environmental clearances, single window system, construction permits, contract enforcement, registering property and inspections. States and UTs have also enacted Public Service Delivery Guarantee Act to enforce the timelines on registrations and approvals.
2-Releases the book ‘Two Classical Plays from India’
Releasing the book ‘Two Classical Plays from India’, an English translation of Hindi plays written by well-known playwright Shri D.P. Sinha
- The Vice President said that although theatre in its very rudimentary form was believed to have existed in Vedic age, it was first spoken about in an organized manner in Bharat Muni’s ‘Natya Shastra’ – the ancient Sanskrit treatise on drama.
- From Kalidasa to Rabindranath Tagore to Girish Karnad, iconic playwrights in different languages have time and again contributed immensely to growth and diversity of Indian theater,
- that apart from plays, various folk forms and oral traditions have always been used to narrate mythological, historical and social issues before the advent of cinema.
3-Ministry of Water Resources Launches “Jal Bachao, Video Banao, Puruskar Pao” Contest on Water Conservation
- The Ministry has joined hands with MyGov portal of the Government of India to run the contest. The fortnightly contest which was launched through MyGov yesterday, will last till 4thNovember 2018. Three winners will be chosen every fortnight.
- In the contest, any Indian citizen can upload their video entries on YouTube and enter the publicly accessible link on the Video link section of MyGov contest page mygov.in.
- The participants will be judged on the basis of elements of creativity, originality, composition, technical excellence, artistic merit, quality of video, content and visual impact.
- The prize amount is Rs 25,000/-, Rs 15,000/- and Rs 10,000/- for first, second and third positions respectively.
- The duration of the videos should be minimum 2 minutes and up to 10 minutes in Hindi, English or any other regional language and must not violate any provision of the Indian Copyright Act, 1957 or the Intellectual Property Rights of any third party.
4-Union Home Minister institutes five Police Medals
- The Union Home Minister has instituted five Police Medals to promote professionalism and excellence in service and give recognition to those security personnel doing good work in stressful environment and in difficult areas.
- Details of these five non-cash awards which will supplement and strengthen the existing award schemes in the State Police Forces and Central Police Organizations and Armed Forces, are as follows:
- Union Home Minister’s Special Operation Medal: direct bearing or impact on the security of the State/UT, region or country, or for participation in major rescue operations.
- Police Antarik Suraksha Seva Padak: A medal to be awarded to each police or security personnel of the Central or State forces for every two years of duty in Jammu & Kashmir, North-East and Left-Wing Extremism affected districts of the country, to recognize the importance of Internal Security duties in such areas.
- Asadharan Aasuchana Kushalata Padak: medal to be awarded to members of Central or State intelligence organizations, branches or units engaged in intelligence gathering for combating terrorism, militancy, insurgency and for acts of exceptional courage and skill in intelligence gathering.
- Utkrisht and Ati Utkrisht Seva Medals:
- Union Home Minister’s Medal for Excellence in Investigation
5-Awards for beautification of stations premises
- The Union Minister of Railways & Coal, distributed awards to winning stations of Station Beautification competition
- Balharshah & Chandrapur Railway Stations of Central Railway have been awarded the first prize while Madhubani station of East Central Railway & Madurai station of Southern Railway were the co-winners of the second prize.
- Gandhidham station of Western Railway, Kota station of West Central Railway & Secunderabad station of South Central Railway were joint winners of the third prize.
About Bridge Management System (IR-BMS)
- This is a web-enabled IT Application for meaningful assimilation, analysis and dissemination of information related to various activities like Bridge Master Data, works Data, Inspection/Monitoring and Maintenance of the bridges of Indian Railways.
Important Headlines for Mains Only
- 1-India, UK to take forward the exchange of legal practitioners: MoU signed for enhancing bilateral cooperation in legal affairs
- 2-Major ports register 3.91% growth
1- 16th Workshop On Greenhouse Gas Inventories in Asia
- India has committed to achieve 175 GW of installed capacity of renewable energy generation by 2022.
- India policy initiatives of the government include increasing penetration of LEDs, 5-10% Ethanol blending in petrol, increasing efficiency of coal power plants, and more efficient public transport”,
- It also referred to the decision to leapfrog from Bharat Stage IV (Euro IV) to Bharat Stage VI (Euro VI) standards for vehicular emissions by 2020.
- The Environment Minister outlined Green Good Deeds, Green Good Behaviour, Green Good Practices and Green Social Responsibility being promoted amongst different stakeholders and accepted at various international forums, including BRICS Environment Ministers meeting recently.
- India is well poised to meet the target of creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by the year 2030.
- According to the UNEP Gap Report 2017, India is also on track to meeting its Paris commitment of 33-35% reduction in emissions intensity of its GDP by 2030 from 2005 level
2- Workshop on Population Stabilisation to mark World Population Day
- The Union Minister stated that it is a matter of pride for the country that we have been able to achieve steady decline in the Total Fertility Rate (TFR).
- From a TFR of 2.9 in 2015 to a TFR rate close to 2.2 in 2018, means India is progressing at a good rate of decline, he added.
- Union Minister gave away ‘Prerna Awards’ to BPL couples who have broken the stereotype of early marriage, early childbirth and repeated child birth and have helped change the mindsets of the community.PRERNA, a Responsible Parenthood Strategy is being implemented in seven focus states namely Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Rajasthan.
1-Technology Challenge Launched for Promoting Suitable Techniques for Cleaning of Sewers and Septic Tanks
- Elimination of human entry into sewer drains and cleaning of the septic tank is the ultimate goal of this Challenge.
- Proposals have been invited from interested innovators, individuals, consortium partners, companies, academic institutions, research and development centers, NGOs, Parastatal and municipal bodies, to provide innovative technical solutions which eliminate the need for human entry into septic tanks and sewers.
- Identify technological as well as business process innovations.
- Endorse viable business models that are suitable for a different size, geographies, and class of cities.
- Pilot test and handhold to scale the shortlisted technologies/solutions in select project cities.
- Bridge the gap between innovators/manufacturers and beneficiaries- i.e. ULBs, citizens
The jurors for evaluation of the proposals shall adopt the following broad criteria.
- a) The operational effectiveness of the Technology
- b) Life of machinery/ Durability
- c) Ease of use (automation)
- d) Ease of availability/Economies of scale
- e) Adaptability/Versatility
- f) Made in India
- g) Environmentally Sustainable
2-Expedite work on long pending projects and ensure maximum utilisation of funds: Shri Rajnath Singh’s message to North-Eastern states
The Union Home Minister has asked the North-Eastern states to expedite work on long pending projects of the North Eastern Council (NEC) and ensure maximum utilisation of funds.
- Underlining the importance of civil society participation in developmental process, the Home Minister advocated social audit of the projects and use of modern technology to effectively monitor project implementation.
- “Social audit not only provides information on how funds are spent but most crucially it enables people’s participation in the planning of developmental activities and also enables mid-course correction as projects and schemes roll on
- the use of remote sensing and satellite imagery, NEC had partnered with the North Eastern Space Application Centre (NESAC) and developed a ‘Projects Monitoring’ portal and a mobile application where stakeholders can monitor progress of capital works funded by the NEC.
- During four years of NDA government the security situation has drastically improved. When compared to the 90s, the insurgency related incidents have declined 85 percent. There is 96 percent reduction in civilian and security forces casualties,” he said.
1-Promote zero-budget natural farming to make Agriculture profitable: Vice President
- Himachal Pradesh Government has launched Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) projectto promote organic farming.
- The project aims to increase agriculture produce and the income of farmers by the year 2022.
Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)
- ZBNF is set of natural farming methods where cost of growing and harvesting plants is zero. It is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any fertilizers and pesticides or any other foriegn elements. It is different from organic farming.
- The word Zero Budget refers to zero net cost of production of all crops. The inputs used for seed treatments and other inoculations are locally available in form of cowdung and cow urine.
- It requires almost no monetary investment and envisages use of ‘Jeevamrutha’ and ‘Beejamrutha’.
- The main aim of ZBNF is eliminate use of chemical pesticides and uses biological pesticides and promote of good agronomic practices. Farmers use earthworms, cow dung, urine, plants, human excreta and such biological fertilizers for crop protection.
- It lowers cost of inputs of farmers and gives better capacity to increase the incomes. It also protects soil from degradation and helps in retaining soil fertility and is climate change resilient
2-India Smart Cities Fellowship (ISCF) and Internship (ISCI) Program Launched To Provide Opportunity to Youth to Work In the Domain of Urban Planning and Governance
India Smart Cities Fellowship (ISCF) Program
- The India Smart Cities Fellowship Program is designed to provide valuable experience to the youth interested in smart cities specifically, and urban renewal sector in general and will bring in new ideas, passion and energy to the challenging but exciting work of implementing cutting edge, high-impact solutions to key urban problems.
- This program will cultivate young leaders, strengthen their understanding of Indian urban sector and prepare them for greater leadership roles in future.
- MoHUA will engage 30 young graduates/post graduates and PhDs in the fields The period of engagement is 1-year extendable upto 3 years.
- They will provide necessary support to Office of Mission Director, Smart Cities in MoHUA and/or CEOs of selected Smart Cities in terms of analytics, research, documentation, independent assessment, visualization or any other related activities including preparation of reports, posters, dossiers, etc.
The Smart Cities Digital Payments Awards 2018
- The Smart Cities Digital Payments Awards (SCDPA) 2018 ‘100 days Challenge in 100 Smart Cities’is part of the initiatives of MoHUA to promote ease of living for India’s urban residents.
- The objective of these awards is to guide, motivate, recognize and reward the Smart Cities for promoting digital payments and carrying out innovative payment initiatives in their respective cities.