The Hindu Short Notes For Prelims Only ( 06 November )


The Hindu Short Notes For Prelims Only ( 06 November )


Topic- labour force participation rate (LFPR),

  • The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR), obtained by dividing the number of persons in the labour force by total population, is an important parameter in employment projections and formulation of employment strategies.
  • NSSO defines Labour force participation rate (LFPR) as the number of persons/person days in labour force per thousand persons/person days.
  • LFPR = No. of persons/person days employed + No. of persons/person days unemployed x 1000 / Total Population

Source- page-9 The Hindu Topic -No respite from poverty for Muslims

Topic- worker population ratio (WPR),

  • The employment-to-population ratio is defined as the proportion of an economy’s working-age population that is employed.
  • As an indicator, the employment-to-population ratio provides information on the ability of an economy to create jobs.
  • Worker population ratio is defined as the number of persons employed per thousand persons.
    WPR= No. of employed persons x 1000 /Total population
  • Worker Population Ratio is an indicator used for analyzing the employment situation in the country.
  • This is also useful in knowing the proportion of population that is actively contributing to the production of goods and services in the economy.

Source- page-9 The Hindu Topic -No respite from poverty for Muslims

Topic- UN peacekeeping

  • The UN peacekeeping operations were established in 1948 as a means to maintain peace in conflict ridden areas.
  • The United Nations Charter enables the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to make decisions on running peacekeeping efforts.
  • This article explains the role of UN peacekeeping forces with respect to India’s contribution.
  • It also explains difficulties faced by Indian troops and possible solutions to improve their situation
  • india is a third largest contributor of military and police personnel to UN peacekeeping missions

Source – 06 November , the Hindu , Page-8 Topic- The forgotten million


Topic- Appointments Committee of the Cabinet

  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) decides appointments to several top posts under the Government of India.
    The committee is composed of the Prime Minister of India (who is the Chairman), the Minister of Home Affairs.
  • Originally the Minister in-charge of the concerned Ministry was also the part of the committee but as per the new notification (as on July 2016) the minister of concerned ministry has been excluded from the committee.

Source -06 November , the Hindu , Page-8 topic- In defence of Urjit Patel



Topic- INS Arhihant

Recntly INS Arihant achieved a milestone by conducting its first deterrence patrol.

India declared that its nuclear triad, stated in its nuclear doctrine,

What is Nuclear Triad?
In simple terms, a ‘nuclear triad’ power is a country that has the capability to launch nuclear weapons from land, air and sea. Technically, a nuclear triad refers to the nuclear weapons delivery of a strategic nuclear arsenal which consists of three components:
•Air force: Strategic bomber planes capable of delivering nuclear bombs
•Surface: Intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs)
•Sea: Submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs).

Importance of Nuclear Triad

The purpose of having a three-branched nuclear capability is to significantly reduce the possibility that an enemy could destroy all of a nation’s nuclear forces in a first-strike attack, this, in turn, ensures a credible threat of a second strike, and thus increases a nation’s nuclear deterrence.

In simple terms, Nuclear Triad status will help to prevent use of Nuclear Weapon against India, in case of War.


Well, in case of war, if any enemy drops Nuclear bomb on India or it launches Nuclear missile against India, it knows that, because India is nuclear triad, it can also launch nuclear weapons from sea and thus enemy state would also be eventually destroyed.

This prevents use of nuclear weapons and hence, triad is called as Nuclear Deterrence.

This Second Strike capability is particularly important for India as it had committed to a ‘No-First-Use’ policy as part of its nuclear doctrine.

INS Arihant: Fact File

•INS Arihant, which means ‘slayer of enemies’, is a 6,000-tonne SSBN (ship submersible ballistic, nuclear submarine), that can carry ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads. It is first indigenously built nuclear-powered submarine.
•It is powered by 83 MW pressurised light water nuclear reactor with enriched uranium fuel.
•The Arihant project, earlier known as the advanced technology vessel (ATV), has been under development since 1998.
•The submarine was jointly developed by the Indian Navy, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
•It will be armed with the K-15 Sagarika missiles with a range of 750 km and eventually with the much longer range K-4 missiles being developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation

Source- 06 November ,The hindu- Front page -Topic-India declares nuclear triad operational

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