The Hindu Notes for UPSC CSE Mains Exam-2019
05th Nov 2018
China backs Pakistan’s ‘quest for peace’ via talks (GS-2)
- Role in SAARC–>Pakistan supported active participation of China at the platform of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
- China is an observer at SAARC
- counterterrorism and NSG
- UN designation of Masood Azhar, head of the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad as an international terrorist (Security Council’s 1267 sanctions committee)
- China also supported Pakistan on nuclear non-proliferation
- Pakistan has been grey-listed and put on notice by FATF — an organisation for countering international terror funding.
- India had proposed CCIT in 1996, and its advocacy for the convention has grown stronger after the 2008 Mumbai attacks, originating from Pakistan.
- China supports Pakistan’s engagement with the Nuclear Suppliers Group and welcomes its adherence of NSG Guidelines.”
- China has so far objected to India’s formal membership of the NSG
- city of Kashgar in Xinjiang is the starting point of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which was one of the focal topics in the statement.
- China has not shown respect to the ‘Wuhan spirit’, by praising Pakistan for its role in South Asia
- China would have frozen all fresh initiatives with Pakistan if it had any respect for the Wuhan spirit that took off after Prime Minister Narendra Modi met President Xi Jinping earlier this year.
- Appreciation of Pakistan’s conduct is in contrast with India’s recent criticism of a new bus service through the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK)
- The bus service is a clear sign that China does not intend to respect the Wuhan spirit,”
Post-policy health conditions must be covered (GS-2- Health)
- All health conditions arising after the inception of a health insurance policy should be covered and cannot be permanently excluded, a committee has recommended to the insurance regulator.
- Thus, exclusion of diseases contracted after taking the policy such as Alzheimer’s , Parkinson’s , AIDs/HIV infection, morbid obesity, etc., cannot be permitted, the panel recommended.
- initially recommended a list of 17 conditions for which insurers can incorporate permanent exclusions if they are pre-existing at the time of underwriting.
Water ATMs may help in bridging safe water gap (GS-2 ( Health)
- With 82 crore people who still do not have access to piped water and 70% of water in the country contaminated by pollutants,
- new report by Safe Water Network (SWN) says the government needs to spend ₹44,000 crore on 2.2 lakh small water enterprises to provide safe drinking water to about 37 crore people, mostly in urban slums where piped water infrastructure is difficult to build, and in rural areas with contaminated water sources.
- recent report by (CAG) à18% of the rural population has access to potable piped water, failing to meet the 2017 target of 50%.
- India is ranked at 120 out of 122 countries on the Water Quality Index,
- water ATM is a dispensation system, which can be automatic with a coin or smart card, or manual,”
- Community water purification plants have grown from less than 12,000 in 2014 to almost 50,000 in 2018,
- To reach the government’s Har Ghar Jal target of 100% piped water by 2030, almost ₹5 lakh crore of infrastructure investment will be required
India must grow trade with LatAm, Caribbean (GS-3 or GS-2)
- export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bankà need to grow trade and investment between India and Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region
- india’s total trade with LAC has more than doubled to reach $36 billion in 2017
HC seeks U.P.’s response on CCTVs at police stations (GS-3 (Security)
- Allahabad High Court has asked the Uttar Pradesh government if it has installed CCTV cameras to monitor police stations in the State and how personnel behave with visitors and victims
- In 2015, the Supreme Court had in a landmark verdict directed the Centre and State governments to put police stations and interrogation rooms under surveillance of CCTV cameras.
Drug menace threatens Manipur: Biren Singh (GS-3 Security)
- Early this year, 10,000 hectares of poppy plantation was destroyed in Manipur with the help of Army + Assam Rifles
- Lack of employment and poor economic conditions are the primary drivers pushing people to become drug peddlers,
- Apart from heroin, other popular drugs are N10 and spasmo proxyvon.
- One of the most popular and fast-spreading drug is WY (World is Yours) which comes from Myanmar,
Efforts on to harness AI to improve tea quality (GS-3-Agriculture)
- Industry to be equipped to face climate change
- Tea Research Association (TRA) is planning to harness front line technologies based on artificial intelligence (AI), chatots and sensor-based machinery to boost tea quality while equipping the age-old industry to face the ravages of climate change.
- Tocklai’s 100-year-long research library has now been digitised and this vast repository can be utilised
RBI starts process to set up PCR ( GS-3 Banking)
- RBI àinitiated steps to set up a wide-based digital Public Credit Registry (PCR) to capture details of all borrowers, including wilful defaulters and also pending legal suits in order to check financial delinquencies.
- PCR will also include
- data from SEBI,
- Corporate Affairs Ministry
- Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India
- to enable banks and financial institutions to get a 360-degree profile of existing and prospective borrowers on a real-time basis.
Challenge to the Reserve Bank of India’s reserve(s) ( GS-3 Banking)
- outlay for recapitalisation of banks is continuing to grow.
- Centre is still smarting from the return of all the cancelled notes in the demonetisation exercise.
- throw in the fact that it’s an election year when it would like to push up spending to create a feel-good factor with voters, and the picture is complete
- In 2004 committee under Usha Thorat, then Deputy Governor, examined the question of what should be the ideal size of RBIs reserves
- currency and gold revaluation reserve (CGRA) accounts for 19.11% of total assets and the contingency reserve for another 6.41%.
- It suggested that the CGRA should be 12.26% of total assets while the contingency reserve should be 5.5%, totalling 17.76% in all.
- that committee, under V. Subrahmanyam, had set a contingency reserves level of 12% of total assets
- The reserves are built through transfers from the annual surpluses in the profit and loss account of RBI.
- The balance surplus after transfper to reserves is given to the Centre as dividend.
- Aim of keeping reserves
- By imputation, it can therefore be concluded that the buffer is now inadequate going by the Malegam Committee’s recommendation.
- CGRA is meant to cover a situation where the rupee appreciates against one or more of the currencies in the basket — and the basket has several currencies ranging from the dollar to the euro and the yen — or if there is a decline in the rupee value of gold.
- level of CGRA now covers about a quarter of the total currency reserves of the RBI.
- contingency reserve is meant to cover depreciation in the value of the RBI’s holdings of government bonds– domestic and foreign– if yields rise and their prices fall.
- reserve is also meant to cover expenses from extraordinary events such as demonetisation (you could argue that like the tsunami, an exercise like demonetisation hits the country once in several generations), money market operations and currency printing expenses in a year of insufficient income.
- Most important of all, the contingency reserve supports the mother of all guarantees — the central bank’s role as the lender of the last resort.
- reserve is also a cover for the deposit insurance fund given that the Deposit Insurance and the Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the RBI.
- RBI’s position, therefore, is that it would be imprudent to consider sharing any part of the reserve with the Centre.
- Centre’s view is that the technocrats in RBI are too conservative and the money belongs to it.
- reserves have been built from higher seigniorage income (the difference between the value of new notes printed by the RBI and the costs of printing and distribution) and interest paid by the Centre to the central bank on the latter’s holdings of government securities.
Every year, we will deliver one submarine to the Navy’ (GS-3 Security)
- building six Scorpene class submarines.
- This month, we will be delivering the second submarine Khanderi and the third submarine, next year
- every year, one submarine is going to be delivered to the Indian Navy with the last one being delivered in 2022.
- P75 India is awaited now so we are all hoping for the RFP that should be coming in.
dry spells prevail (GS-3 Irrigation)
- responsible sourcing lead of Firmenich in south Asia, the model is to store rainwater underground, which can be recovered by pumping, and recharging the ground water system.
- farmers can recover 70% of the water harvested in this system.
- benefit à farmers can use the water collected in times of need and avoid crop loss.
- If a group of farmers, who have adjacent lands, come together and implement it, they will have collective benefit and the cost will work out lower.
- 70% of rainwater harvested by the system can be used Storing rainwater
Case Study and Example or some quote ( if you are going to write these example in your mains answer, we are sure you will be get good marks in UPSC Mains)
U.P. to get ‘triple talaq pramukhs ( GS-1- Society)
- will soon be appointing around 100 women as ‘teen talaq pramukhs’ across U.P. State to ensure rehabilitation of the victims and their children,
- Educated women who have sound knowledge of the Shariat and the law and who can bring a social change in the lives of the victims of triple talaq will be appointed as pramukhs
Territory says ‘no’ to freedom from France (GS-1- Society)
- South Pacific archipelago of New Caledonia voted against independence from France in a long-awaited referendum that capped a 30-year long decolonisation process.
Citizens call for tobacco control ( GS-2 – Health)
- A citizens’ manifesto for a tobacco-free Rajasthan was released
- Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2016-17 has stated that 24.7 % of the adults in Rajasthan are tobacco users.
Finland’s Zyfra to tap India ( GS-3 Industries)
- which provides IoT and AI-based solution for industrial sector,
- target to increase the contribution of manufacturing sector to GDP to 25% by 2025