Polity Notes

MINI TEST -3 -Polity (M.Laxmikanth) Chapter-1 to Chapter-22( Sectional Test) ( DESIRE IAS)

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MINI TEST -3 

Syllabus – Polity M.laxmikanth Chapter-1 to Chapter-22( Sectional Test)

Total Questions -40

Total Time -45 Minutes 

 

 

 

1-Consider a situation where the Prime Minister wants to impose President’s rule in one state because the state government has failed to effectively curb atrocities in that state. The president does not agree wholeheartedly on signing the order.

Which of the following course of actions are available to the President?

  1. Tell the Prime Minister that he will not sign on the order promulgating President’s rule.
  2. Make press statement about how the Prime Minister is wrong.
  3. Discuss the matter with the Prime Minister and try to dissuade him from taking this action, but if he insists agreeing to sign the said order.

Choose the correct answer from the codes below

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 3 only

 

2-Consider the following about the proportional representation system of election.

  1. The entire country may be single constituency in this system.
  2. Multi member constituencies may be present.
  3. A party may get more seats than votes in the legislature.

Choose the correct answer from the codes below

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

3-In the state government, the Governor exercise more discretion than the President can exercise in the case of Central Government. This is because….

(a) Indian Federalism provides for a strong central government, and comparatively weaker states.

(b) The Constitutional provisions limit the overall discretion of the President, which is not so clearly defined for the Governor.

(c) The Governor derives greater authority from the order of the Central government with respect to the states whereas no such system exists for the President.

(d) The state politics is much more vulnerable to Governor’s discretion that the central politics is to President’s discretion.

 

4-Consider the following statements about the Constituent Assembly of India.

  1. Its constitution was finally subject to the approval of the British Parliament.
  2. The selection of representatives of various Indian states was flexible and decided by consultation.
  3. Members of the CA from provinces were elected directly from the people by a very limited franchise.

Which of the following above is/are true?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 only

 

5-The Government of India Act, 1919 popularly known as Montague Chelmsford Act was significant in which of the following ways?

  1. Established a responsible Parliamentary system of Government in the country.
  2. The final decision on all important questions was no more in the hands of the Viceroy.
  3. It relaxed previously stringent control of center on provinces.

Which of the following above is/are true?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 3 only

 

6-The list of castes or tribes that are to be identification as SCs and STs are specified in

(a) A presidential order with respect to each State and Union Territory(UT).

(b) The Fifth and Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India

(c) The resolution passed by the respective state legislatures.

(d) The orders issued by the state Governor in the extra-ordinary Gazette of India

 

7-Which of the following features of the Indian Constitution deal with maintaining the social fabric, moral values and national consciousness?

  1. Fundamental Rights
  2. Fundamental Duties
  3. Directive Principles of State Policy

Choose the correct answer from the codes below?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

8-Consider the following statements about the position, power, functions and responsibilities of the President of India.

  1. He has a right to be informed of all important matters and deliberations of the Council of Ministers.
  2. The president need not accept the advice of Council of Ministers if the advice has been given for the first time.
  3. The only ground for his impeachment is the violation of the Constitution.
  4. He scrutinizes the annual budget proposal of the government before placing it to the Parliament.

Choose the correct answer from the codes below?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

9-The Constitution contains not only the fundamental principles of governance but also detailed administrative provisions.This fact can be supported by looking up in which of the following provisions of Constitution?

  1. Fifth and Sixth Schedule
  2. Center-State relations
  3. Appointment and functions ofseveral constitution bodies.

Choose the correct answer from the codes below?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

10-Which of the following do NOT require a Constitution amendment?

  1. Settlement of boundary dispute between India and other country.
  1. Changing the name of a state
  2. Creation of new state

Choose the correct answer from the codes below?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

11-Consider the following statements:

  1. In India, citizens by birth as well as a naturalized citizen are eligible for the office of the President.
  2. Foreigners staying in India do not have to oblige to the Fundamental Duties.
  3. The Constitution does not prescribe any qualification for citizenship.

Choose the correct answer from the codes below?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

12-India has adopted the Parliamentary system of Government. It is based on the principle of

(a) Doctrine of separation of powers between the legislature and executive organs

(b) Cooperation and Co-ordination between the legislative and executive organs

(c) Doctrine of separation of powers between the legislature and judicial organs

(d) Doctrine of separation of powers between the judicial and executive organs

 

13-Among the committees of the Constitution Assembly, the most important committee was the Drafting Committee. Who among the following were NOT the members of the committee?

  1. N.GopalaswamyAyyangar
  2. Syed Mohammad Saadullah
  3. T.T. Krishnamachari
  4. Dr.K.M.Munshi

Choose the correct answer from the codes below

(a) 4 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 only

(d) All were the members

 

14-State Emergency or President’s Rule can be applied to an Indian state on which of the following grounds?

  1. Failure to comply with Center’s directions
  1. Breakdown of the Constitutional machinery in the state
  1. Threat to the financial stability of the state
  1. Internal aggression in the state

Choose the correct answer from the codes below

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3only

 

15-The term ‘State’ has been used in different provisions concerning the Fundamental Rights against which the citizens are protected. ‘State’ can include which of the following?

  1. A public sector undertaking
  2. District Planning Committee
  3. A Private party under a Public Private Partnership(PPP) contract with the government

Choose the correct answer from the codes below

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

16-Article 23 of the Constitution prohibits traffic in human beings, forced labour and other similar forms of forced labour. It is enforced by which of the following laws made by the parliament?

  1. Minimum wages Act, 1948
  2. Contract labour Act, 1970
  3. Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

Choose the correct answer from the codes below

(a) All of the above

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1 and 2 only

 

17-Although India is a secular country, the state can take some steps to ensure public order, morality and the like. Which of the following can be done by the state constitutionally?

  1. Regulate a religious institution
  2. Throw open Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and section of Hindus.
  1. Restrict a religious practice

Choose the correct answer from the codes below?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

18-In the colonial legacy of government in India, the Directive Principles in the present Indian Constitution resemble

which of the following colonial enactments?

(a) ‛Codes’ enacted under Act of 1919

(b) ‘Instrument of Instructions’ enacted under Independence Act, 1947

(c) ‘Instrument of Instructions’ enumerated in the Government of India Act of 1935

(d) ‛Duties of State’ enumerated in the Morley-Minto Act of 1909

 

 

19-As per Article 368 of the Constitution, the amendment of the Indian Constitution

can be initiated in

  1. Lok Sabha
  2. Rajya Sabha
  3. The office of the President
  4. State Legislatures
  5. Council of Ministers

Choose the correct answer from the codes below

(a) 1, 3 and 5 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2 and 5 only

 

20-The Parliament exercise controls over the Government using which of the following

devices?

  1. Question Hour
  2. Adjournment motion
  3. Discussion
  4. Parliamentary committees

Choose the correct answer from the codes below

(a) All of the above

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 3 and 4 only

 

 

21-regarding the powers of both the houses of a state legislature, if it is bicameral, in

India:

  1. An ordinary bill can be introduced in any house of the legislature.
  1. A joint sitting of both the houses may be summoned if there is a disagreement between both the houses on an ordinary bill
  1. The Legislative Council has almost no powers in relation to finance

Which of the following above is/are true?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

22-Which among the following statements is/are correct regarding the Indian

Constitution?

  1. To amend the Constitution under Article 368, two third majority of the total membership of the houses of the Parliament is required.
  1. If any question arises as to whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not, the decision of the President shall be final
  1. No person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once, including any departmental proceedings

Select the correct answers from the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) None of the above

 

23-Who among the following are parts of the Union Executive of India?

  1. The President
  2. Council of Ministers
  3. Attorney General
  4. Comptroller and Auditor General

Select the correct answers from the codes given below:

(a) 1, 3 and 4 only

(b) 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 4 only

 

24-Which of the following statements regarding voting on demand of grants

is/are correct ?

  1. The voting on demands for grants is an exclusive privilege of the Rajya Sabha; Lok Sabha has no power on demands.
  1. The voting confined to the votable part of the budget; the expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India is not submitted to vote

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

25-According to Preamble of the Indian Constitution, India is a ‛Republic’. What is the meaning of the Republic?

  1. There is no hereditary rule
  2. The sovereignty resides in the people
  3. The head of the Government is elected by the people of fixed term

Select the correct answers from the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

26-Consider the following Rights:

  1. Right to equality before law
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right to Protection of Life and Personal Liberty

The Indian Constitution provides which of the above Fundamental right/rights only to its Citizens?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1 and 3 only

 

27-Which of the following is the constitutional duty of the Prime Minister of India?

(a) To communicate to the President all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the

affairs of the union and to proposals for legislation.

(b) To take prior permission of the President for the introduction of bills in the Parliament.

(c) To present all Parliament reports as well as recommendations of various commissions to the President

(d) To take the President’s permission for the appointment of the Protem speaker of the Lok Sabha

 

28-Which of the following statements regarding the special status of Jammu and Kashmir is/are correct?

  1. The Fundamental Right to property is still guaranteed in Jammu and Kashmir.
  1. The President of India has no power to declare a financial emergency in relation to the state.
  1. An amendment made to the Constitution of India does not apply to the state unless it is extended by a Presidential order.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

29-Which of the following are components of Inter-State Council?

  1. Prime Minister
  2. Chief Minister of all States
  3. Chief Ministers of Union Territories that have a legislative Assembly and Administrative of UTs that do not have a Legislative Assembly
  4. Six Union Ministers
  5. Governor if a state is under President’s rule.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

 

30-Which of the following features of the Constitution of India have been borrowed from the Government of India Act, 1935?

  1. Office of the Governor
  2. Emergency Provisions
  3. Legislative Procedure
  4. Bicameralism
  5. Federation with a strong Center

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

(a) 1, 2 and 4 only

(b) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 only

 

31-Which of the following statements is/are correct with regard to proclamation of financial emergency in India?

  1. It can be extended to indefinite period with an approval of the Parliament for every six months.
  2. A resolution approving the proclamation of financial emergency is to be passed by either house of Parliament by simple majority.
  3. The President may issue directions for reduction of salaries and allowances of Supreme Court and High Court Judges.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

32-Consider the following statements regarding Inner Line Permit (IPL) system:

  1. It is an official travel document issued by Indian Government to allow inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected or restricted area for a limited period.
  2. It is issued under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 and currently it is in force in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Meghalaya.
  3. Recently Union Government has rejected the demand to introduce it in Mizoram.

Which of the states given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

33-Consider the following statements regarding the Estimates Committee of the Indian Parliament:

  1. It consists of members from Lok Sabha only.
  2. Its Chairman is appointed by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha but he/she cannot be from the ruling party.
  3. A minister cannot be elected as its member.
  4. Its function is to examine the estimates included in the budget and suggest economies in public expenditure.
  5. It cannot suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1, 4 and 5 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2, 4 and 5 only

(d) All of the above

 

34-Consider the following:

  1. To value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture.
  1. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
  1. To protect monuments, places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance.
  1. To prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health.

Which of the given above are not included as Fundamental duties in the Article 51A of the Constitution of India?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 4 only

 

35-The term ‘secular state’ in the context of Indian Constitution refers to:

(a) The state is anti-religious

(b) The state has a religion

(c) The state is irreligious

(d) The state avoids preferential treatment for any particular religion.

 

36-Which of the following grants is raised,when the amount authorized by Appropriation Act to be expended for a particular service in the current financial year is found to be insufficient?

(a) Supplementary Grant

(b) Exceptional Grant

(c) Vote of credit

(d) Vote on account

 

37-Which among the following are not considered as expenditure charged on Consolidated Fund of India (CFI)?

(a) The debt charges, including interest, for which the Government of India is liable.

(b) The salary, allowances and pension payable to Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

(c) The salary, allowances and pension payable to Chief Election Commissioner.

(d) Any sums required to satisfy any judgment decree or award of any court or arbitral tribunal.

 

38-Why Indian federalism is termed asymmetric federalism?

(a) Some states are given special status and privilege.

(b) Indian Constitution has numerous unitary or non-federal features.

(c) The Union enjoys unbridled power and authority.

(d) Some states do not have legislative councils.

 

39-Consider the following statements regarding Zero Hour:

  1. It follows the Question Hour.
  2. The Zero Hour is mentioned in the Rules of Procedure.
  3. During Zero Hour, members are free to bring up any issue of public interest without prior notice.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

40-Consider the following statements:

  1. Rajya Sabha can pass motion of no confidence against the government.
  2. Resolutions approving the Proclamation of emergency are passed only by the Rajya Sabha.

Which of the statement/s given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

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