DESIREIAS QUIZ

Daily MCQ Based on Current Affair Answers : 17th November 2018

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Daily MCQ Based on Current Affair Answers

17th November 2018

Q-Consider the following statements Regarding Maternity Benefit Act

1-The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 applies to establishments employing 10 or more than 10 persons in Factories, Mines, Plantation, Shops & Establishments and other entities.

2-The main purpose of this Act is to regulate the employment of women in certain establishments for certain period before and after child birth and to provide maternity benefit and certain other benefits

3-The Act was amended through the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 which, inter alia, has increased the paid maternity leave to women employees from 12 weeks to 24 weeks.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 2,3
C- Only 3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source- 14th November 2018, PIB News Analysis ,Topic- Clarification regarding Maternity Leave Incentive Scheme

Ans-A

Exp-

In a section of media, there have been some reports about Maternity Leave Incentive Scheme. In this regard, the Ministry of Labour & Employment has clarified the following –

Background- (i) The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 applies to establishments employing 10 or more than 10 persons in Factories, Mines, Plantation, Shops & Establishments and other entities. The main purpose of this Act is to regulate the employment of women in certain establishments for certain period before and after child birth and to provide maternity benefit and certain other benefits. The Act was amended through the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 which, inter alia, has increased the paid maternity leave to women employees from 12 weeks to 26 weeks.

  1. While the implementation of the provision is good in Public Sector, there are reports that it is not good in Private Sector and in contract jobs. There is also a wide perception that private entities are not encouraging women employees because if they are employed, they may have to provide maternity benefit to them, particularly 26 weeks of paid holiday. In addition, the Ministry of Labour & Employment is also getting complaints from various quarters that when the employers come to know that their women employee is in the family way or applies for maternity leave, the contracts are terminated on some flimsy grounds. There have been several representations before the Labour Ministry on how the extended maternity leave has become a deterrent for female employees who are asked to quit or retrenched on flimsy grounds before they go on maternity leave.
  2. Therefore, the Ministry of Labour & Employment is working on an incentive scheme wherein 7 weeks’ wages would be reimbursed to employers who employ women workers with wage ceiling upto Rs. 15000/- and provide the maternity benefit of 26 weeks paid leave, subject to certain conditions. It is estimated that approximately an amount of Rs. 400 crores would be the financial implication for Government of India, Ministry of Labour & Employment for implementing the proposed incentive scheme.

Major Impact: The proposed Scheme, if  approved  and  implemented shall ensure the women in this country an equal access to employment and other approved benefits alongwith adequate safety and secure environment. Also, the women shall continue to bear the major share of household work as well as child care. The work places will be more and more responsive to the family needs of the working women.

Current Stage of the Proposal:

There are some media reports that this Scheme has been approved/notified. However, it is clarified that Ministry of Labour & Employment is in the process of obtaining necessary budgetary grant and approvals of Competent Authorities. The reports that it will be funded from Labour Welfare Cess, is also incorrect, as no such cess exists under this Ministry.

 

Q-Which of the following is/are the Indian credit rating agencies?
1. Standard and Poor
2. CARE
3. CRISIL
4. ONICRA
Select the answer using the codes given below.

A-Only 1,2

B-Only 1,3

C-Only 2, 3, 4

D-All of the Above

Ans-C
Exp-

CRISIL (Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited), CARE (Credit Analysis and Research) and ONICRA are the Indian credit rating agencies whereas Standard and Poor is a foreign credit rating agency.

MCQ Source- The Hindu Newspaper , 16th November https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/india-may-see-fall-in-credit-availability-as-nbfcs-face-credit-squeeze-moodys/article25520625.ece

 

 

Q-Black Carbon is a solid particle or aerosol that contributes to the warming of atmosphere. How?

1. It is a strong absorber of sunlight and heats the air indirectly.
2. It darkens snow-packs and glaciers through deposition leading to their melting
Which of the above is/are incorrect?

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- Down to Earth magazine  https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/air/study-finds-increased-concentration-of-black-carbon-in-gangotri-region-during-tourist-seasons–60188

Ans- D

Exp-

  • Black carbon, commonly known as soot, is a form of particulate air pollution, produced from incomplete combustion from biomass burning, cooking with solid fuels, and diesel exhaust.
    It consists of pure carbon in several linked forms.
    Black carbon warms the Earth by absorbing heat in the atmosphere and by reducing albedo, the ability to reflect sunlight, when deposited on snow and ice.BC is the strongest absorber of sunlight and heats the air directly.
  • In addition,it darkens snow packs and glaciers through deposition and leads to melting of ice and snow.
    Regionally, BC disrupts cloudiness and monsoon rainfall and accelerates melting of mountain glaciers such as the Hindu Kush-Himalayan glaciers.

 

 

Q-Nitrous oxide is emitted when nitrogen is added to the soil through the use of chemical fertilizers. But, how nitrous oxide is removed from the atmosphere?
1. Absorbed by certain types of bacteria
2. Destroyed by ultraviolet radiation

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- https://phys.org/news/2012-04-fertilizer-responsible-nitrous-oxide-atmosphere.html

Ans-C

Exp-

  • Nitrous oxide emissions occur naturally through many sources associated with the nitrogen cycle, which is the natural circulation of nitrogen among the atmosphere, plants, animals, and microorganisms that live in soil and water.Nitrogen takes on a variety of chemical forms throughout the nitrogen cycle, including N2O. Natural emissions of N2O are mainly from bacteria breaking down nitrogen in soils and the oceans. Nitrous oxide is removed from the atmosphere when it is absorbed by certain types of bacteria or destroyed by ultraviolet radiation or chemical reactions.Nitrous oxide has one of the longest atmosphere lifetimes of the greenhouse gases, lasting for up to 150 years

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements about the “Ashgabat Agreement”:
1. It is multi-modal transport agreement facilitating transportation of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.
2. India and Pakistan are the members of this agreement.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source – https://mea.gov.in/press-releases.htm?dtl/29406/India_Joins_the_Ashgabat_Agreement

Ans. A

Exp-

  • The Ashgabat agreement is a Multi-modal transport agreement between Oman, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Pakistan for creating an international transport and transit corridor facilitating transportation of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf. 
  • The objective of this agreement is to enhance connectivity within Eurasian region and synchronise it with other transport corridors within that region including the International North–South Transport Corridor (INSTC).The Indian government on March 23, 2016, has requested approval for acceding to the agreement.India’s intention to accede to the Ashgabat Agreement would now be conveyed to the Depository State (Turkmenistan). 
  • India would become a party to the Agreement upon consent of the founding members.

 

 

Q- Consider the following statements about  ‘INSIGHT Mission’

1. INSIGHT stands for ‘Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigation,Geodesy and Heat Transport’.
2. It is ‘NASA Discovery Program mission’ that will place a single geophysical Lander on Mars to study its deep interior.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source -NASA website https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/

Ans.C

Exp-

  • INSIGHT stands for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigation, Geodesy and Heat Transport.
  • It is NASA Discovery Program mission that will place a single geophysical Lander on Mars to study its deep interior.
  • The main objective is to study the processes that shaped the formation of rocky planets including Earth more than 4 billion years ago.

 

 

Q-Consider the following Statements regarding Indian Music

  1. The two distinct styles, Hindustani and Carnatic came into vogue after the advent of the Muslims, particularly during the reign of the Mughal Emperors of Delhi.
  2. Dhruppad, Khayal, Tappa, Thumri etc are styles of Carnatic Music.
  3. Samaveda is veda of Music.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 2,3
C- Only 1,3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source- The Hindu Newspaper, 17 November 2018, Page-6 Topic – Carnatic Music

Ans-D

Exp- Dhruppad, Khayal, Tappa, Thumri etc are styles of Hindustani Music.

Some information about Carnatic music

Carnatic music is confined to Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In Carnatic music there is a very highly developed theoretical system. It is based upon a complex system of Rāgam (Rāga) and Thalam (Tala).

Most compositions in Carnatic music have three parts to their body.

  • The first two lines of the song are called Pallavi. They occur over and over, especially after each stanza.
  • Usually the Pallavi is followed by two more lines or sometimes just one more. This portion is called Anu Pallavi. This is sung at the beginning for sure, but sometimes even during the end of the song, but not necessarily after each stanza.
  • The stanzas of a song are called ‘Charanam’.

Purandardas (1480-1564) is considered to be the father of Carnatic music. To him goes the credit of codification of the method of Carnatic music. He is also credited with creation of several thousand songs. Another great name associated with Carnatic music is that of Venkat Mukhi Swami. He is regarded as the grand theorist of Carnatic music. He also developed “Melankara”, the system for classifying south Indian rāgas.

It was in the 18th century that Carnatic music acquired its present form. This was the period that saw the “trinity” of Carnatic music; Thyagaraja, Shama Shastri and Muthuswami Dikshitar compile their famous compositions.

  • Varnam: It is a composition usually sung or played at the beginning of a recital and reveals the general form of the Rā The Varnam is made up of two parts: 1) the Purvanga or first half and 2) the Uttaranga or second half. The two halves are almost equal in length.
  • Kriti: It is a highly evolved musical song set to a certain rāga and fixed tala or rhythmic cycle.
  • Rāgam: It is a melodic improvisation in free rhythm played without mridangam accompaniment.
  • Tanam: It is another style of melodic improvisation in free rhythm.
  • Pallavi: This is a short pre-composed melodic theme with words and set to one cycle of tala. Here the soloist improvises new melodies built around the word pallavi.
  • Trikalam: It is the section where the Pallavi is played in three tempi keeping the Tala constant.
  • Swara-Kalpana: It is the improvised section performed with the drummer in medium and fast speeds.
  • Rāgamalika: This is the final part of the Pallavi where the soloist improvises freely and comes back to the original theme at the end.

 

 

Q-Consider the following Statements regarding Khayal form of Indian Music:

  1. Amir Khusrau (13th century) is said to be the inventor of khayal.
  2. It is the most popular form of vocal music in north India.
  3. Khayal is romantic and delicate.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 2,3
C- Only 1,3

D- All of the Above

MCQ Source- The Hindu Newspaper, 17 November 2018, Page-6 Topic – Carnatic Music

Ans-D

Exp-

Two types of Khayal are in vogue the bada (large) and the chhota) small.

 

 

Q-Consider the following Statements regarding difference between Hindustani (North) & Carnatic (South) Music:

  1. The oscillations of notes are much faster in Hindustani music than in Carnatic music.
  2. Both are very different in regard to Tala.
  3. Whereas the Indian music of the Northern part of India assimilated some features of the music of the Persian and Arabic musicians who adorned the courts of the Mughal rulers of Delhi, the music of the South continued to develop along its own original lines.
  4. Clear cut demarcations in the style of musical presentation, similar to the gharanas of Hindustani music are not seen in Carnatic music

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

A- Only 1,2,3
B- Only 2,3,4
C- All of the Above
D-Only 3,4

MCQ Source- The Hindu Newspaper, 17 November 2018, Page-6 Topic – Carnatic Music

Ans-B

Both trace their evolution through Sama Veda music. The oscillations of notes are much faster in Carnatic music than in Hindustani music

 

 

Q-Consider the following Statements regarding Carnatic Music

  1. The word ‘Carnatic’ was coined by Vidyaranya in the fifteenth century.
  2. Carnatic denotes south Indian music distinct from the Hindustani music.
  3. The immortal Trinity of Carnatic music are Thyagaraja, Syama Sastrya and Muthuswami

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 2,3
C- Only 1,3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source- The Hindu Newspaper, 17 November 2018, Page-6 Topic – Carnatic Music

Ans-D

Exp-

The immortal Trinity of Carnatic music, Thyagaraja, Syama Sastrya and Muthuswami Dikshita, were born in the later half of the nineteenth century. The greatest of them was undoubtedly Thyagaraja.

 

 

Q- Which of the Following country is not a member of  Eurasian Economic Union

A-Armenia

B-Belarus

C-Moldova

D-Kyrgystan

MCQ Source – 16th November 2018, PIB News Analysis ,Topic- 9th Session of the India – Kyrgyz IGC held in New Delhi

Ans-C