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TELUGU LITERATURE OPTIONAL LITERATURE SYLLABUS

Paper-I Answers must be written in Telugu. Section-A Language 1. Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity-Etymological history of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra. 2. Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and syntactical levels, from Proto-Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to Modern Telugu. 3. Evolution of spoken Telugu when compared […]

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TAMIL LITERATURE OPTIONAL UPSC MAINS SYLLABUS

Paper-I Answers must be written in Tamil. Section: A Part: 1 History of Tamil Language Major Indian Language Families-The place of Tamil among Indian languages in general and Dravidian in particular-Enumeration and Distributionof Dravidian languages. The language of Sangam literature-The language of medieval Tamil: Pallava period only-Historical study of Nouns, Verbs, adjectives, adverbs Tense markers […]

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SINDHI LITERAURE OPTIONAL MAINS SYLLABUS

 Paper-I Answers must be written in Sindhi (Arabic or Devanagari script). Section-A 1. (a) Origin and evolution of Sindhi language-views of different scholars. (b) Significant linguistic features of Sindhi language, including those pertaining to its phonology, morphology and syntax. (c) Major dialects of the Sindhi language. (d) Sindhi vocabularly-stages of its growth, including those in […]

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PUNJABI LITERATURE (OPTIONAL) UPSC MAINS SYLLABUS

Paper-I Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script. Section-A a) Origin of Punjabi language : different stages of development and recent development in Punjabi language : characteristics of Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones: classification of vowels and consonants. b) Punjabi morphology : the number-gender system (animate and inanimate), prefixes, affixes […]

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ODIYA UPSC MAINS SYLLABUS

Paper-I Answers must be written in Oriya. Section-A History of Oriya Language (i) Origin and development of Oriya Language-Influence of Austric, Dravidian, Perso-Arabic and English on Oriya Language. (ii) Phonetics and Phonemics : Vowels, Consonants Principles of changes in Oriya sounds. (iii) Morphology : Morphemes (free, bound compound and complex), derivational and inflectional affixes, case […]

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MARATHI LITERATURE UPSC MAINS SYLLABUS

Paper-I Answers must be written in Marathi. Section-A Language and Folk-Iore (a) Nature and Functions of Language (with reference to Marathi) Language as a signifying system : Langue and Parole; Basic functions; Poetic language; Standard Language and dialect; Language variations according to social parameters. Linguistic features of Marathi in thirteenth century and seventeenth century. (b) […]