DESIREIAS QUIZ

3rd October Daily MCQ With Answers for UPSC –Based on The Hindu

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3rd October Daily MCQ With Answers for UPSC –Based on The Hindu

 

Q-1 Consider the following statements

1-Ram Richpal was a prominent politician in British India’s Bengal Province, an ideologue of the peasants of pre-Indepenence India, who belonged to the peasants of Jat community

2-On political front, he was a co-founder of the National Unionist Party which ruled all the time Bengal Province in pre-Indepenent India and kept Congress and Muslim League at bay.

3-He was awarded the title of ‘Rao Bahadur’ (a title of honour bestowed during British rule in India to individuals for their service to the Empire).

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-Only 1,2

B-Only 2

C-Only 2,3

D-Only 3

MCQ Source 03th October,https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/pm-to-unveil-64-ft-tall-statue-of-sir-chhotu-ram-in-rohtak-on-oct-9/article25107340.ece

Ans-D

  • Exp- Sir Chhotu Ram (Ram Richpal)
  • Ram Richpal was a prominent politician in British India’s Punjab Province, an ideologue of the peasants of pre-Indepenence India, who belonged to the peasants of Jat community and could transform peasantry in an unprecedented fashion in Indian sub-continent he could champion the interest of much oppressed peasants.
  • For this feat, he was knighted in 1937.
  • On political front, he was a co-founder of the National Unionist Party which ruled all the time Panjab Province in pre-Indepenent India and kept Congress and Muslim League at bay.
  • He studied the Bhagavad Gita and was very much influenced by its philosophy. There are many instances, which represent his value for education and compassion for the poor. A substantial portion of his salary as minister was set aside for scholarships and stipends for economically poor but bright students.
  • The enactment of two agrarian laws was primarily due to his contribution. These were the Punjab Relief Indebtedness Act of 1934 and the Punjab Debtor’s Protection Act of 1936, which emancipated the peasants from the clutches of the moneylenders and restored the right of land to the tiller.
  • He was awarded the title of ‘Rao Bahadur’ (a title of honour bestowed during British rule in India to individuals for their service to the Empire).

 

Q-2 Consider the following statements

1-On 2 October 2014, Prime Minister announced the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), which targets eradicating open defecation in India by 2019.

2-Recently more than 94% of rural households across  the country have now been declared open defecation free in comparison to just 39% when the mission was launched four years ago

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-Only 1

B-Only 2

C-Both are Correct

D-None of the Above

MCQ Source -03th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper,Front page – Topic- Change in mindset fuelled Swachh success, says Modi

Ans-C

Exp-

Statement -1 is correct

Recenlty more than 94% of rural households across  the country have now been declared open defecation free in comparison to just 39% when the mission was launched four years ago

 

Q-3 Consider the following statements

1-Lonar Lake, also known as Lonar crater, is a notified National Geo-heritage Monument saline soda lake located at Lonar in  Maharashtra, India,

2-It was created by a meteor impact during the Pleistocene Epoch and it is the only known hyper velocity impact crater in basaltic rock anywhere on Earth.

3-Recently Lonar Lake in Maharashtra and St. Mary’s Island and Malpe beach in coastal Karnataka are the GSI’s candidates for UNESCO Global Geopark Network status.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-All of the above

 

MCQ Source 03rd October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper, Front Page- Topic-88 million-year-old isle and crater to be geoparks

Ans-D

All statements are correct

 

Q-4 Recently C2+FL was in News, its Belong to ….

A-NPA

B-UNFCC

C-MSP

D-DPSP

MCQ Source 03th October, THE HINDU Page-7 topic- Govt. gives in to some demands Farmers seek implementation of the Swaminathan Commission report

Ans-C

Exp-

  • cost concepts used for calculating MSPàThere are several cost concepts that the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) considers while recommending MSPs of 23 crops.
  • Cost A2 – These are the costs the farmer actually pays out of his/her pocket for buying various inputs ranging from seeds to fertilisers to pesticides to hired labour to hired machinery or even leased-in land.
  • Cost A2 +FL – In agriculture, farmers also use a lot of family labour and if their cost is imputed and added to cost A2, that concept is called cost A2+FL.
  • Cost C2 – the Comprehensive cost (cost C2), it includes imputed costs of family labour, imputed rent of owned land and imputed interest on owned capital.
  • National commission on farmers head by M.S Swaminathan recommended a 50 per cent margin over C2, which is also being the demand of the farmers.

Q-5 Consider the following statements

1-The concept of public interest litigation (PIL) rests on the principle that any member of the public can initiate legal proceedings on behalf of an aggrieved person, especially a person who is unable to move to court on his or her own.

2-Such proceedings can be initiated in Supreme Court Only for the enforcement of the constitution or legal rights of a person or a group of person.

3-It may be noted that key role in enunciating the principle of PIL was played by Justice J. Bhagwati

4-The scope of PIL was further widened by the Supreme Court through its judgment in the case of M. C .Rao vs Union of India

Select the Non correct answer using the code given below:

A-Only 1,2,3

B-Only 2,4

C-only 3,4

D-2,3,4

 

MCQ Source 03th October, THE HINDU,Page-8 topic- In the court of last resort

Ans-B

Exp-

  • The concept of public interest litigation (PIL)rests on the principle that any member of the public can initiate legal proceedings on behalf of an aggrieved person, especially a person who is unable to move to court on his or her own.
  • Such proceedings can be initiated in either the High Court or the Supreme Court for the enforcement of the constitution or legal rights of a person or a group of person.
  • The practice of PIL emerged on account of the liberal attitude of the Supreme Court, which instead of insisting that only a person whose fundamental rights has been infringed can file a petition, permitted public spirited citizen to move the court for the enforcement of constitutional and legal rights of persons or groups who, because of their poverty or economically disadvantaged position, were unable to approach the court for relief. It may be noted that key role in enunciating the principle of PIL was played by Justice J. Bhagwati.
  • It is to be observed that the Supreme Court, by permitting PIL or social action litigation, has considerably widened the scope of Article 32of the Constitution. In terms of principles of PIL, under Article 32, the Supreme Court can interfere whenever and wherever any injustice is caused or being caused, by state action to the poor and helpless person who cannot approach the court.
  • The principle of PIL is a welcome development which will go a long way in creating a sense of responsibility among the public authorities exercising enormous powers under the Constitution and the law. This principle would certainly minimize, if not completely eliminate, the abuse of power by public authorities.
  • The scope of PIL was further widened by the Supreme Court through its judgment in the case of  C .Mehta v. Union of India
  • It ruled that poor in India can seek enforcement of their fundamental rights from the Supreme Court by writing a letter to any judge of the court even without the support of an affidavit. This virtually brought legal aid to the door steps of teeming millions of India.

Q-6 Consider the following statements

1-North American Free Trade Agreement  (NAFTA) came into effect in 1994.

2-It is a Bilateral  arrangement Between Canada-United States

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-Only 1

B-Only 2

C-Both are Correct

D-None of the Above

MCQ Source 03th October, THE HINDU , Page-8 topic- The new deals

Ans-A

  • Exp-
  • NAFTA came into effect in 1994.
  • It is a successor to the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement.
  • NAFTA is a trilateral arrangement that includes Mexico.
  • It led to lower tariffs on most goods and services traded among the countries.
  • It encouraged big business to reorganise supply chains around the North American continent.
  • This eventually made industries such as automobiles globally more competitive.
  • Overall, regional trade has expanded more than three times since NAFTA came into effect.
  • The agreement has also led to a range of rules on food safety, intellectual property rights and the settlement of disputes.
  • It has generally deepened the political relationship among the three signatories.

 

Q-7 Consider the following statements

1-The Luxury CPI, released by Hurun each year, aims to measure the price changes of a predetermined basket of goods and services undertaken by China’s high-net-worth individuals (HNWI).

2-The index covers consumption activities of wealthy Chinese in the following 11 categories: real estate, health, education, luxury tourism, wedding, watches & jewelry, accessories & beauty products, cruises & private jets, lifestyle, liquors & cigarettes and auto.

3-It will be introduced in India soon.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-Only 1,2

B-Only 2

C-Only 2,3

D-all of the above

MCQ Source 03th October, THE HINDU Page-14, Topic-Hurun India to unveil luxury CPI by February

Ans-D

All statements are correct

 

Q-8 Consider the following statements

1-Riang or Bru  are one of the 21 scheduled tribes of the Indian state of Mizoram .

2-Hojagiri folk dance of Riang sub tribe is rather well known all over the world.

3-They speak the Reang dialect of Kokborok language which is of Tibeto-Burmese origin and is locally referred to as Kau Bru

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

MCQ Source 03th October, THE HINDU Page-6 Topic – Bru leaders to seek repatriation

 

Ans-C

Exp-

  • Riang or Bru  are one of the 21 scheduled tribes of the Indian state of Tripura
  • The Bru are the second most populous tribe of Tripura after the Tripuris.
  • The correct nomenclature for this ethnic group is actually Bru although the name Reang was accidentally incorporated by the Indian government during a census count.
  • The Bru can be found all over the Tripura state in India.
  • However, they may also be found in Mizoram, Assam, Manipur and Bangladesh.

Culture and religion

  • The marriage system is similar to other Tripuri tribes of Tripura.
  • There is no dowry system.
  • Dance is an integral part of Reang life.
  • The Hojagiri folk dance of Riang sub tribe is rather well known all over the world.
  • ‘Buisu’, not ‘bihu’ is the most popular festival of reang tribes.
  • The majority of the Reang belong to the Vaishnav school of Hinduism and claim Kshatriya status.
  • They are polytheists and believe in multiple Gods and Goddesses.

Language

  • They speak the Reang dialect of Kokborok language which is of Tibeto-Burmese origin and is locally referred to as Kau Bru.

Why in news? More than 30,000 people belonging to the Bru community, who fled from Mizoram to Tripura in 1997 in  the wake of inter-community violence, are set to be repatriated to Mizoram