DESIREIAS QUIZ

30th October Daily Current affair MCQ for UPSC CSE Exam Answers

image_pdfimage_print

30th October Daily Current affair MCQ for UPSC CSE Exam Answers

Q-1 Consider the following statements

1-Nari Shakti Puraskar is a series of India’s national honours conferred only on individual women for their exceptional achievement.
2-It recognises the spirit of courage of a woman in difficult circumstances, who has established this spirit of courage in her personal or professional life.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

Ans-B

Exp-

  • It is highest civilian honour for Women in India is conferred to exceptional Women and Institutions, who have been working incessantly towards the cause of Women Empowerment.
  • The highest civilian honour for Women in India is conferred to exceptional Women and Institutions, who have been working incessantly towards the cause of Women Empowerment. The Awards, now in its 19th year, recognise excellent contribution in the fields of Economic and Social Empowerment of Women. Every year, the President of India confers the Nari Shakti Puraskar on the International Women’s Day.
  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development salutes the unbeatable prowess of Nari Shakti Puraskar awardees, who have become role models for future generations. These iconic ladies have left an indelible mark on people’s mind, and have also ignited young minds.

MCQ Source – 29th October PIB News Analysis http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx

 

Q-2 Consider the following statements

1-First Public Private Partnership Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) to hand over Its Kolkata Terminals to a private company.
2-Being the first PPP project undertaken by IWAI under SOM model, the event paves the way for private investment in the development of IWT in India.
3-In India’s first container movement on inland waterways PEPSICO to move 16 containers from Kolkata to Varanasi

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

Ans-D

  • Exp-
  • The Project is Expected to tap The huge potential of Nepal bound containerised cargo on National Waterways -1
  •   Being the first PPP project undertaken by IWAI under SOM model, the event paves the way for private investment in the development of IWT in India.
  • In India’s first container movement on inland waterways PEPSICO to move 16 containers from Kolkata to Varanasi
  • Barging from Kolkata to Patna will lead to cost saving by approximately 24% and 4 % as compared to road and rail respectively when return cargo is available.
  • Barging from Kolkata to Kathmandu will lead to cost savings by approximately 13% and 26% as compared to road and rail respectively when return cargo is available from around Patna.
  • The Kolkata terminals will also facilitate domestic bound and EXIM cargo for North Eastern Region and Bangladesh even as it will prove advantageous for shippers plying on the Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route. On 25 October, 2018, India and Bangladesh signed milestone agreements to deepen their maritime relationship.
  • Kolaghat (West Bengal, India) and Chilmari (Bangladesh) were declared as new Ports of Call (PoC).
  • Besides this, an agreement for the use of Mongla and Chattogram port (Bangladesh) for transiting goods to and from India and passenger and cruise vessels from Kolkata to Dhaka and Guwahati through the protocol route were also agreed on.

MCQ Source – 29th October PIB News Analysis http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx

 

 

Q-3 Consider the following statements

1-Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) develops Less Polluting Firecrackers named – SWAS, SAFAL and STAR
2-These crackers are 15-20 % costlier than conventional ones
3-First time in India, an Emission testing Facility has been established at CSIR-NEERI and extensive testing is in progress for conventional and green crackers for monitoring the emissions and sound
4-CSIR an autonomous body in India

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1,3,4
B- Only 1,2,3
C- Only 1,2.4
D- All of the above

Ans-A

Exp-

  • CSIR develops Less Polluting Firecrackers named – SWAS, SAFAL and STAR
  • These crackers are 15-20 % cheaper than conventional onesand NEERI team involved in the project has 80 % women scientists E-crackers also being developed with products like E-Ladi, E-Anar, E-cracker show For the first time an Emission Testing Facility established in India for sound and emission testing of crackers
  • “CSIR scientists have developed Less Polluting Firecrackers which are not only environment friendly but 15-20 % cheaper than the conventional ones”,
  • These crackers have been named as safe water releaser (SWAS), safe minimal aluminium (SAFAL) and safe thermite cracker (STAR).
  • First time in India, an Emission testing Facility has been established at CSIR-NEERI and extensive testing is in progress for conventional and green crackers for monitoring the emissions and sound”,
  • CSIR an autonomous body in india that has emerged as the largest research and development organisation in India.

MCQ Source – 29th October PIB News Analysis http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx

 

Q-4 Pompeii is a vast archaeological site in which country ?

A- southern Italy Campania region
B- southern Spain Campania region
C-southern Germany Campania region
D-southern France Campania region

Ans-A

Exp-

  • Pompeii is a vast archaeological site in southern Italy’s Campania region, near the coast of the Bay of Naples.
  • Once a thriving and sophisticated Roman city, Pompeii was buried under meters of ash and pumice after the catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D.
  • The preserved site features excavated ruins of streets and houses that visitors can freely explore.

MCQ Source – 29th October PIB News Analysis http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx

 

 

Q-5 Match the following

Location National Highway Road No
1-Tura-Dalu – (NH-40)
2-Shillong-Dawki (NH-51)
3-Aizawl-Tuipang (NH-54)

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 3
C- Only 1
D- None of the Above

Ans-B

Exp-

This question was  in news as per PIB

  • Mizoram North East Connectivity & Meghalaya North East Connectivity
  • Phase 1: Tura-Dalu (NH-51)
  • Phase 2: Shillong-Dawki (NH-40)
  • Mizoram North East Coonectivity
  • Phase 1 & 2: Aizawl-Tuipang (NH-54)
  • Japan and India reaffirmed their intentions to proceed with:
  • Completion of Gelephu-Dalu Corridor in collaboration with the ADB
  • including Dhubri/Phulbari bridge project, which will be the longest river bridge in India if realized, as Phase 3 of North East Road Network Connectivity Improvement Project.

MCQ Source – 29th October PIB News Analysis http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx

 

Q-6 India’s largest Dry Dock is being inaugurated at which of the following places?

A- Cochin
B- Chennai
C- Gujarat, Gulf of Kutch
D- South Mumbai, Maharashtra

 

Ans-A

  •  The Dry Dock will give an impetus to “Make in India” initiative under Sagarmala and raise India’s share in global shipbuilding to 2 percent. India currently occupies 0.66 % share in global shipbuilding market.
  • The dock will be designed to handle both ship building and repairs, and bear a load up to 600 T/m. It will be equipped with international safety standards.
  • The dock will also have a water treatment plant and Green Belt Development. Equipped with this Dry Dock, Cochin Shipyard will be able to build specialized and technologically advanced large vessels like LNG Carriers, drill ships, jack up rigs, large dredgers, aircraft carriers for Indian Navy and high end research vessels.It will also help make Cochin a one stop maritime hub for all repair needs in South East Asia.
  • The project is expected to be completed by May 2021 and generate employment opportunities for about 2000 people.

MCQ Source – 29th October PIB News Analysis http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551100

 

 

Q-7 Umiam-Umtru Hydroelectric Power Station is situated in which states?

A- Nagaland
B Andhra Pradesh
C-Meghalaya
D. None of above

 

Ans-C

  • The Umiam-Umtru Hydroelectric Power Station is situated in the state of Meghalya.
  • Recognising the significant contribution of Japan’s ODA to the socio-economic development of India, India expressed appreciation for Japan’s continuous support that symbolises the ties between the two countries. In this regard, India and Japan reviewed with satisfaction the Japan’s assistance in many projects, Project for Renovation and Modernization of Umiam-Umtru Stage-III
    Hydroelectric Power Station [Meghalaya], being one of them.

MCQ Source – 29th October PIB News Analysis http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx

 

 

Q-8 Consider the following statements regarding Train18

1-The Train18 is a self-propelled, semi-high-speed trainset that will soon replace the box cars of the inter-city Shatabdis..
2-It can reach a maximum speed of 260 km per hour.
3-The entire design, technology and manufacture of Train 18 has been done by Japan.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

Ans-A

Exp-

  • The Train18 is a self-propelled, semi-high-speed trainset that will soon replace the box cars of the inter-city Shatabdis.
  • The new train comes fitted with amenities on a par with the best in the world — from on-board Wi-Fi to GPS-based passenger information system, ‘touch-free’ bio-vacuum toilets, LED lighting, mobile charging points, and a climate control system that would adjust the temperature according to occupancy and the weather.
  •  It can reach a maximum speed of 160 km per hour. The train can both accelerate and pull to a stop rapidly, thereby consuming much less energy.
  • The coaches in the fully air-conditioned train are linked with advanced bridge plates, leaving the train free of the shaky gangways Indian train travellers are used to.
  • About 80% of the design, technology and manufacture of Train 18, a predecessor to ‘Train 20’, is Indian.

MCQ Source – 30th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper,Front page-topic- ICF rolls out Train 18, the NextGen Shatabdi

 

 

Q-9 Consider the following statements

1-Early Warning Dissemination System, first-of-its-kind technology in India, to simultaneously warn coastal communities and fisherfolk about impending cyclone and tsunami through siren towers.
2-It has been launched by the Kerala government.
3-The Early Warning Dissemination System, a collaborative effort of the Central and State governments, has been implemented under the assistance of World Bank.
4-It’s a part of the last-mile connectivity programme under National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project and aims to inform the last man living near the sea in case of an impending cyclone.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2,3
B-1,3,4
C-2,3,4
D-1,3,4

Ans-D

Exp

  • The Early Warning Dissemination System has been launched by the Odisha government.
  • The EWDS, a collaborative effort of the Central and State governments, has been implemented under the assistance of World Bank.
  •  It’s a part of the last-mile connectivity programme under National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project and aims to inform the last man living near the sea in case of an impending cyclone

MCQ Source – 30th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper,Page-3 topic-Odisha launches disaster alert system for its coast

 

 

Q-10 Consider the following statements regarding WHO Report

1-WHO’s first ever global conference on Air Pollution and Health released a report on air pollution.
2-As per the report, when pregnant women are exposed to polluted air, they are more likely to give birth prematurely, and have small, low birth-weight children.
3-One reason why children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of air pollution is that they breathe more rapidly than adults.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

Ans-A

Exp-

  • WHO’s first ever global conference on Air Pollution and Health released a report on air pollution.
  • As per the report, when pregnant women are exposed to polluted air, they are more likely to give birth prematurely, and have small, low birth-weight children.
  • One reason why children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of air pollution is that they breathe less rapidly than adults. They also live closer to the ground, where some pollutants reach peak concentrations — at a time when their brains and bodies are still developing.

MCQ Source – 30th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper,Page-7 Topic- Children under 15 at serious risk from polluted air: WHO

 

 

Q-11 Consider the following statements regarding Swine flu

1-H5N1 flu is also known as swine flu. It’s called swine flu because in the past, the people who caught it had direct contact with pigs.
2-Influenza A (H5N1) virus is the subtype of influenza A virus that is the most common cause of human influenza.
3-It is an orthomyxovirus that contains the glycoproteins haemagglutinin and neuraminidase.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B- Only 3
C- Only 2,3
D-All of the Above

Ans-B

Exp-

  • Swine influenza, also called pig influenza, swine flu, hog flu and pig flu, is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses. Swine influenza virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs.
  • Influenza A (H1N1) virus is the subtype of influenza A virus that is the most common cause of human influenza.
  • It is an orthomyxovirus that contains the glycoproteins haemagglutinin and neuraminidase. For this reason, they are described as H1N1, H1N2 etc. depending on the type of H or N antigens they express with metabolic synergy. Haemagglutinincauses red blood cells to clump together and binds the virus to the infected cell. Neuraminidase is a type of glycoside hydrolase enzyme which helps to move the virus particles through the infected cell and assist in budding from the host cells.
  • Some strains of H1N1 are endemic in humans and cause a small fraction of all influenza-like illness and a small fraction of all seasonal influenza. Other strains of H1N1 are endemic in pigs (swine influenza) and in birds (avian influenza).

MCQ Source – 30th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper, Page-3 Topic- Swine flu death in Meghalaya

 

 

Q-12 Consider the following statements regarding Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO)

1- Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation
2-It was Founded in 2001 in Shanghai
3-Recently Bhutan has joined SCO

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 2
C- Only 2,3
D- All of the Above

 

Ans-A

Exp-

  • Bhutan has not joined SCO
  • It is a Eurasianpolitical, economic, and military organisation
  • Founded in 2001in Shanghai
  • members : China,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan,Uzbekistan,India and Pakistan
  • SCO evolved from Shanghai Five (All above minus Uzbekistan)
  • On July 10, 2015, the SCO decided to admit Indiaand Pakistan as full members, and they joined as full members in 2017.
  • Main activities: cooperation on security, military activities, and economic and cultural cooperation
  • Member countries are rich in energy resources (both fossil fuels and uranium)
  • HQ : Beijing, China

MCQ Source – 30th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper, Pak. Accepts India invite to SCO meet