DESIREIAS QUIZ

30th November 2018 : Daily MCQ for UPSC CSE Exam ( Answers)

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Daily MCQ for UPSC CSE Exam Based on Current Affairs

30th November 2018

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements about senior citizens

1- More than 70% of our elders reside in rural areas

2- Our country spends more than 1 % of GDP on the welfare of senior citizens

3- Worldwide, by 2050 every fifth person you see will be an elder person.

Choose the correct statements from the option given below:

 A- Only 1,3  

B- Only 1,2

C- Only 2,3

D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – PIB News Analysis,29th December 2018, Topic- India traditionally has a robust joint family system, says Vice President

Ans-C

  • In spite of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act 2007, the number of cases of children abandoning their elderly parents is on the rise.
  • Worldwide, by 2050 every fifth person you see will be an elder person.
    There will be 64 countries including India where 30% of the population will be 60 plus.
  • More than 70% of our elders reside in rural areas.
  • Our country spends just 0.032% of GDP on the welfare of the elderly while most of the other countries, even smaller and with weaker economies, spend 3 to 8 times more on their elders.
  • AISCCON is the largest body of senior citizens with a membership of around 20 lakhs and works towards improving the welfare of senior citizens.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements about HysIS

1-HysIS is an earth observation satellite built around ISRO’s Mini Satellite2 (IMS-2) bus weighing about 380kg

2-The primary goal of HysIS is to study the earth’s surface in both the visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.

3-Data from the satellite will be used for a wide range of applications only including agriculture, forestry, soil/geological environments, coastal zones and inland waters

Choose the correct statements from the option given below:

A- Only 1,3  

B- Only 1,2

C- Only 2,3

D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper, 30th November 2018 Page -7 Topic-HysIS

Ans-B

Explanation

  • In 3rd statements focus the word on ONLY
  • The HysIS is an Earth Observation satellite primarily to assist in a wide range of applications in agriculture, forestry, geological environments, coastal zones, among others.
  • A hyperspectral imaging camera in space can provide well-defined images that can help identify objects on earth far more clearly than regular optical or remote sensing cameras.
  • The technology will be an added advantage in watching over India from space across sectors including defence, agriculture, land use and mineral exploration.
  • The new ‘eye in the sky’ can be used to even mark out a suspect object or person on the ground and separate it from the background with applications in transborder infiltration etc.
  • The primary goal of HysIS is to study the Earth’s surface in visible, near-infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
  • HysIS will be ISRO’s first full-scale working satellite with this capability. While the technology has been around, not many space agencies have working satellites with hyperspectral imaging cameras as yet.

 

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding National Human Rights Commission of India

1-NHRC is apex statutory watchdog of human rights in the country, i.e. the rights related to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by Constitution or embodied in the international convents.

2-It was established in 1993 as per statutory provisions of Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.

3-It is multimember body consisting of Chairman and Six members.

4- President appoints Chairman and members of NHRC on recommendation of high-powered committee headed by Prime Minister.

Choose the correct statements from the option given below:

A- Only 1,3,4

B- Only 1,2,4

C- Only 1,4

D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper, 30th November 2018 Topic : National Human Rights Commission (Page-3)

Ans-B

Explanation

  • It is multimember body consisting of Chairman and Four members.
  • Its headquarters is located in New Delhi. NHRC can either take suo motu cognisance of cases through media reports or complaint filed by victim or any other person on his or her behalf or on basis of reports received from the police department.

Functions of NHRC

  • Investigate violations of human rights committed by the government.
  • Intervene in legal proceedings related to human rights.
  • Recommend to provide relief to the victims and their families.
  • Review protection provided by Constitution.
  • Study international treaties related to human rights, etc. and recommend for effective implementation on its basis.·
  • Promote research in the field of human rights.

 

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements:

  1. Brownfield Airport is modified or upgraded airports.
  2. Land Availability is a major hurdle in Brownfield Airport.
  3. Brownfield projects under FDI have been a cause of concern as they increase foreign monopoly without adding to capital formation.

Choose the correct statements from the option given below:

A-Only 1

B-Only 1,2

C-Only 1,2,3

D-Only2,3

MCQ Source -https://indianexpress.com/article/business/aviation/greenfield-infrastructure-centre-proposes-fixed-tariff-model-for-airport-developers-5307176/

Ans- C

Explanation

  • Brownfield Airport means the airport which is modified or upgrade as per current circumstances.
  • Brownfield projects under FDI have been a cause of concern as they increase foreign monopoly without adding to capital formation.
  • Land Availability and decongestion of rush in existing airports are major challenge in up gradation of airport

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements about Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO):
1. PESO controls and administers manufacture, storage, transport and handling of explosives, petroleum, compressed gases and other hazardous substances in India.
2. PESO functions under Ministry of Fertilisers.

Choose the correct statements from the option given below:

A-Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- http://dipp.nic.in/programmes-and-schemes/others/petroleum-explosives-safety-organisation-peso

 

Ans. A

Explanation

  • PESO is the apex department to control and administer manufacture, storage, transport and handling of explosives, petroleum, compressed gases and other hazardous substances in India.
  • It functions under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.