DESIREIAS QUIZ

29th November 2018-Daily MCQ for UPSC CSE Exam Based on Current Affairs( Answers)

image_pdfimage_print

Daily MCQ for UPSC CSE Exam Based on Current Affairs

29th November 2018

Q-Consider the following statements

1-India that was placed in a uniquely advantageous position because 65 per cent of the population is below the age of 35 years,

2- Globally, more than 300 million people of all ages suffer from depression

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- 28th PIB News Analysis, Topic- A National Suicide Prevention Strategy is the need of the hour: Vice President

Ans-C

More information

  • As per Global Burden of Disease report 2015, mental disorders account for 13 per cent of total DALY (disability adjusted life years) and loss for years lived with disability (YLD). Among these Depression is the leading cause.
  • Yet, it is just this group (especially people aged 15-29 years) who are at the highest risk of suicidal death.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements

1-11th BRICS Summit to be hosted by Brazil in 2019

2-BRICS countries come from Asia, Africa, Europe and America and are all members of the G20

3-Together, the nations account for IMF voting power 35  per cent of quota shares.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 A- Only 1,3  

B- Only 1,2

C- Only 2,3

D- All of the Above

MCQ Source- 28th PIB News Analysis, Topic- Text of PM’s address at the BRICS Leaders Informal Meeting on the sidelines of the G-20 Summit

Ans-B

Exp-

What is BRICS?

  • BRICS is made up of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
  • The group was formed initially with just four nations –Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC). The term- BRIC was coined by global economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 as an acronym of four countries that were all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development.

Why only these four countries?

  • According to a thesis proposed by Jim O’Neill, global economist at Goldman Sachs, the economic potential of Brazil, Russia, India and China is such that they could be among the four most dominant economies by 2050.
  • The countries not only encompass over 25 per cent of the world’s land coverage and 40 per cent of the world’s population but also hold a combined GDP (PPP) of $20 trillion.
  • On almost every scale, they would be the largest entity on the global stage, as the four nations are among the biggest and fastest-growing emerging markets.

Key Aim

The original aim of the grouping was to establish an equitable, democratic and multi-polar world order.

Relevance of BRICS today

  • With 10 years of development, BRICS has grown into an important platform for cooperation among emerging markets and developing countries.
  • BRICS countries come from Asia, Africa, Europe and America and are all members of the G20.
  • Together, the nations account for 26.46 per cent of the world land area, 42.58 per cent of the world’s population, 13.24 per cent of the World Bank voting power and 14.91 per cent of IMF quota shares.
  • According to IMF’s estimates, the BRICS countries generated 22.53 per cent of the world GDP in 2015 and they have contributed more than 50 per cent of world economic growth during the last 10 years.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding Green Climate Fund (GCF)

1-The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is a fund established within the framework of the UNDP  to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.

2-The GCF is based in the new Songdo district of Incheon, South Korea.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- 28th PIB News Analysis, Topic- Text of PM’s address at the BRICS Leaders Informal Meeting on the sidelines of the G-20 Summit

 

Ans-B

Exp-

  • The Green Climate Fund(GCF) is a fund established within the framework of the UNFCCC to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change. The GCF is based in the new Songdo district of Incheon, South Korea.
  • It is governed by a Board of 24 members and initially supported by a Secretariat.
  • The objective of the Green Climate Fund is to “support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties using thematic funding windows”. 
  • It is intended that the Green Climate Fund be the centrepiece of efforts to raise Climate Finance under the UNFCCC.
  • The Copenhagen Accord, established during the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP-15) in Copenhagen mentioned the “Copenhagen Green Climate Fund”.
  • The fund was formally established during the 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Cancun as a fund within the UNFCCC framework. 

 

Q-Consider the following statements:
1. The eight core industries comprise 70% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP)
2. The current base year of IIP is 2011-2012

Choose the correct statements from the option given below:

A-Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- 28th PIB News Analysis, Topic-

Index of Eight Core Industries (Base: 2011-12=100) October, 2018

Ans. B

Exp-

  • The eight core industries comprise 40.27% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).
  • The current base year is 2011-2012

 

 

 

Q-Arrange following peaks in decreasing order of their height:
1. Mount Everest
2. Kanchenjunga
3. Makalu
4. Lhotse

Choose the correct code:

A-1, 2, 3, 4

B-1, 2, 4, 3

C-1, 3, 2, 4

D- 1, 4, 2, 3

Ans. B

MCQ Source-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Himalayan_peaks_and_passes