DESIREIAS QUIZ

27th September Daily Current Affairs MCQ -Based on The Hindu

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27th September Daily Current Affairs MCQ -Based on The Hindu

Q-1 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Aadhaar Card can be used as POI (Proof of Identity )as well as POI (Proof of address) in all over the country.
आधार कार्ड पीओआई (पहचान का सबूत) के साथ-साथ पूरे देश में पीओआई (पते का सबूत) के रूप में भी इस्तेमाल किया जा सकता है।
2-It’s a unique ID that cannot be duplicated unlike PAN, ration card
यह एक अद्वितीय आईडी है जिसे पैन, राशन कार्ड के विपरीत डुप्लिकेट नहीं किया जा सकता है

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source, 27 September ,The Hindu Newspaper – Front page Topic- Aadhaar gets thumbs up from Supreme Court
Ans-B
Exp-

•Aadhaar Card, Aadhaar Letter is a randomly generated “twelve “digit Unique Identification Number issued by (Unique Identification Authority of India ) UIDAI.
•It is a unique number which is different for every individual in the country and will be not same in anyhow and anyway. Any residence has to enroll once a life for Aadhaar.
•It’s a unique ID that cannot be duplicated unlike PAN, ration card
•Aadhaar Card cannot be used as POI (Proof of Identity ) but can be used as POI (Proof of address) in all over the country.

Q-2 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Medical Council of India is a Non statutory body
मेडिकल काउंसिल ऑफ इंडिया एक गैर सांविधिक निकाय है
2-It establishes the uniform and high standards of medical education in India.
यह भारत में चिकित्सा शिक्षा और उच्च मानकों को स्थापित करता है।
3-The registration of doctors and their qualifications is usually done by state medical councils.
डॉक्टरों और उनकी योग्यता का पंजीकरण आमतौर पर राज्य चिकित्सा परिषदों द्वारा किया जाता है।

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-only 2
C-2,3
D-None of the Above

MCQ Source, 27 September ,The Hindu Newspaper -Front page – Topic-Ordinance allows panel to supersede scamtainted MCIf

Ans-C

Exp-
•Medical Council of India is a statutory body. Initially, it was set up in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933.
•The Council was later reconstituted under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 that supplanted the before Act.
•It establishes the uniform and high standards of medical education in India.
•It also registers doctors to practice in India, in order to protect and promote the health and safety of the public by ensuring proper standards in the practice of medicine.
•The registration of doctors and their qualifications is usually done by state medical councils.
•Recently the NITI Aayog has suggested the substitution of Medical Council of India (MCI) with the National Medical Commission (NMC).

Q-3 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
1-INS Chakra belongs to Akula-class nuclear powered Submarine.
आईएनएस चक्र अकुला-श्रेणी परमाणु संचालित सबमरीन से संबंधित है।
2-Though it is a nuclear powered submarine, it carries only conventional weapons and not nuclear tipped missiles.
हालांकि यह एक परमाणु संचालित पनडुब्बी है, इसमें केवल पारंपरिक हथियार होते हैं, न कि परमाणु टिप मिसाइले
3- It is the second nuclear submarine after the indigenously built INS Arihant.
स्वदेशी निर्मित आईएनएस अरिहंत के बाद यह दूसरी परमाणु पनडुब्बी है।

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

MCQ Source, 27 September ,The Hindu Newspaper -Front page – Topic-Left Sided figure

Exp- INS Chakra belongs to Akula-class nuclear powered Submarine.
•It was taken from Russia on a 10 year lease period.
•Originally named as K-152 Nerpa, it was handed over to the Indian Navy in 2011.
•Though it is a nuclear powered submarine, it carries only conventional weapons and not nuclear tipped missiles.
•It is based at INS Virbahu, the submarine base in Visakhapatnam.
•It is the second nuclear submarine after the indigenously built INS Arihant.
•INS Arihant is capable of launching nuclear-tipped submarine ballistic missiles.

Q-4 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
1-Astra is air to Surface missile
एस्ट्रा हवा से सतह हमला मिसाइल है
2-It is indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
यह रक्षा अनुसंधान और विकास संगठन (डीआरडीओ) द्वारा स्वदेशी रूप से विकसित किया गया है।

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source, 27 September, The Hindu Newspaper – page-10 Topic-IAF successfully test fires air-to-air Astra missile

ans-B
Exp-
•Astra is air to air beyond visual range air-to-air indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
•It is one of the smallest weapon system developed by DRDO, having length of 3.8-metre and weighing 154kg.
•It is single stage solid fuelled missile and has payload capacity of 15 kg conventional explosives.
•It can be launched from different altitudes and is capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes at both short-range targets (up to 20 km) in tail-chase mode and long-range targets (up to 80 km) in head-on mode.
•It is radar homing supersonic missile having maximum speed of Mach 4 (four times speed of sound).
•It possesses high Single Shot Kill Probability (SSKP) making it highly reliable. It is all-weather missile with active radar terminal guidance, excellent electronic counter-counter measure (ECCM) features, smokeless propulsion and process improved effectiveness in multi-target scenario.
•It has advance on-board electronic counter-measures that jam radar signals from enemy radar, making tracking of the missile difficult.
•It is fitted with terminal active radar-seeker and an updated mid-course internal guidance system that helps missile to locate and track targets.
•The missile can be integrated with all fighter aircraft of IAF including Sukhoi-30 MKI, Mirage-2000, MiG-29, Jaguar and the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA).

Q-5 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
1-United Nation Security Council is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.

संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद सदस्य राज्यों को बाध्यकारी प्रस्ताव जारी करने के अधिकार के साथ एकमात्र संयुक्त राष्ट्र निकाय है।
2-The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms. The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members.
सुरक्षा परिषद में 10 गैर-स्थायी सदस्य भी हैं, जो दो साल के नियमों की सेवा के लिए क्षेत्रीय आधार पर चुने जाते है

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above
MCQ Source, 27 September, The Hindu Newspaper – page-12 Topic-G4 for UN Security Council reform, multilateralism
Ans-C
Exp-
•The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security.
•Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
•The Security Council consists of fifteen members. Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States—serve as the body’s five permanent members. These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General.
•The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms. The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members.

Q-6 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
1- G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.
ब्राजील, जर्मनी, भारत और जापान समेत जी 4 राष्ट्र संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद में स्थायी सीटों के लिए एक-दूसरे का समर्थन करने वाले चार देश हैं।
2-The P5+1 refers to the UN Security Council’s five permanent members (the P5); namely China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States; plus Germany.
पी 5 + 1 संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद के पांच स्थायी सदस्यों (पी 5) को संदर्भित करता है; अर्थात् चीन, फ्रांस, रूस, यूनाइटेड किंगडम और संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका; प्लस जर्मनी।

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source, 27 September, The Hindu Newspaper – page-12 Topic-G4 for UN Security Council reform, multilateralism

Ans-C
Exp-
The G4-nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India,-and Japan are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.
•Unlike the G7, where the common denominator is the economy and long-term political motives, the G4’s primary aim is the permanent member seats on the Security Council.
•Each of these four countries have figured among the elected non-permanent members of the council since the UN’s establishment.
•Their economic and political influence has grown significantly in the last decades, reaching a scope comparable to the permanent members (P5).
•The P5+1 refers to the UN Security Council’s five permanent members (the P5); namely China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States; plus Germany.
•The P5+1 is often referred to as the E3+3 by European countries.
•It is a group of six world powers which, in 2006, joined together in diplomatic efforts with Iran with regard to its nuclear program.
•However, the G4’s bids are often opposed by Uniting for Consensus movement, and particularly their economic competitors or political rivals.