DESIREIAS QUIZ

27th November Daily MCQ Based on Current Affairs ( Answers)

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27th November Daily MCQ Based on Current Affairs ( Answers)

 

Q-Consider the following statements

1-In India,Nearly 70% of urban water supply and 30% of rural water supply in the country comes from groundwater, which is depleting day by day.

2-Recycling and reuse has been widely practiced in Singapore, where every drop of water is recycled for reuse

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source – 26th November 2018, PIB News Analysis,Topic- NITI Aayog Organises Capacity Building Programme for Urban Water Management

Ans-B

Exp-

  • India is experiencing rapid urbanisation. The urban population has gone up from 29 crore in 2001 to 37.7 crore in 2011. Due to rapid urbanisation, water demand in urban areas is increasing rapidly.The water situation in metropolitan cities is particularly exacerbating, where the people in such cities face acute water shortage. Changing climate and its impact on temporal and spatial variability of rainfall, is a further deterrent to timely and sufficient availability of water resources.
  • In this backdrop, concerted efforts have been made by the Government of India to implement rainwater harnessing schemes for groundwater improvement, however, there is an urgent need for water portfolio diversification through introducing alternate sustainable water sources.
  • The recycle and reuse of water presents itself as a potential solution for ensuring assured water supply in the Cities, on a sustainable basis.  Recycling and reuse has been widely practised in Singapore, where every drop of water is recycled for reuse. Such an approach not only reduces pressure on other water sources, but also offers a sustainable solution for water resources management.
  • While the AMRUT scheme drives the cities to undertake water supplies on a business model, yet the water source augmentation remains a challenge for ensuring assured water supply through the future. Nearly 30% of urban water supply and 70% of rural water supply in the country comes from groundwater, which is depleting day by day.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements About Dr. B R Ambedkar

1-Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha was the first organization formed by Dr. Ambedkar in 1924.

2- He Wrote a book name The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source – 26th November 2018, PIB News Analysis,Topic- President of India Inaugurates Constitution day Celebrations; Says Idea of Social Justice has Expanded to Encompass Modern Civic Parameters like Pollution and Health

Ans-C

Exp-

  • Dr. B R Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 at Mhow in Madhya Pradesh. Ambedkar was elected as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly.
  • He is called as the father of the Indian Constitution.
    Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha was the first organization formed by Dr. Ambedkar in 1924.
  • Ambedkar was appointed as the first Law Minister of Independent India, but he resigned from the Cabinet on September 1951 due to differences with Nehru on the Hindu Code Bill.
  • Ambedkar got himself converted to Buddhism on October 14, 1956. He died on December 6, 1956 at Delhi due to severe diabetic neurosis. After his death, his political party Scheduled Caste Federation was renamed as Republican Party of India in 1957 by his followers.
    Some of his famous books are: ‘The Untouchable: Who are They and Why They Have Become Untouchables’; ‘Buddha and His Dhamma’; ‘The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women‘, ‘Emancipation of Untouchables’, ‘The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India’; ‘Pakistan or Partition of India‘, ‘Thoughts on Linguistic States’, etc.
  • The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated the Constitution Day celebrations, organised by the Supreme Court, to mark the anniversary of the adoption of our Constitution on November 26, 1949, today (November 26, 2018) in New Delhi.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements Kartarpur Sahib corridor

1-It will built a corridor flanked by barbed wire to allow pilgrims to cross over  into Pakistan to visit the Kartarpur Sahib shrine, and return the same day.

2- A bridge will need to be constructed over the Satluj River

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source – 26th November 2018, PIB News Analysis,Topic- Vice President lays Foundation Stone for Kartapur Corridor; Hails it as a historic day

MCQ Source-27th November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper, Front Page-topic-Kartarpur corridor can build bridges: Venkaiah

Ans-A

Exp-

  • A bridge will need to be constructed over the Ravi, and there shall be no need for passports or visas.
  • Sikh jathas from India travel to Pakistan on four occasions every year — for Baisakhi, the martyrdom day of Guru Arjan Dev, the death anniversary of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and the birthday of Guru Nanak Dev.
  • The Sikh community has been demanding a special corridor through the international border to the shrine that fell in Pakistan after the Partition..

About Gurdwara Darbar Sahib at Kartarpur

  • The gurdwara at Kartarpur stands at the site of the final resting place of the first Sikh Guru, just across the border from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district.
  • The gurdwara in Kartarpur stands on the bank of the Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.
  • It was here that Guru Nanak Dev Ji assembled a Sikh community and lived for 18 years until his death in 1539.
  • The shrine is visible from the Indian side, as Pakistani authorities generally trim the elephant grass that would otherwise obstruct the view.
  • Indian Sikhs gather in large numbers for darshan from the Indian side, and binoculars are installed at Gurdwara Dera Baba Nanak.

 

 

Q-Consider the following regarding Embryo transfer technology (ETT)

1-Embryo transfer technology (ETT) is a technique by which embryos are collected from a donor female and are transferred to recipient females, which serve as surrogate mothers for the remainder of the pregnancy.

2-Embryos of higher genetic merit indigenous bovines will be transferred into the surrogate cows.

3- in Each District Embryo Transfer Technology (ETT) centres are being established

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 3
C- Only  1,2
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – 26th November 2018, PIB News Analysis,Topic- E-pashuhaat portal is playing a crucial role in connecting farmers & breeders to trade in disease-free germplasm; an app has been created & integrated with UMANG

Ans-C

Exp-

ETT is one of the most important reproductive biotechnologies where male and female genetic material can be utilized for faster improvement of livestock. Embryos of higher genetic merit indigenous bovines will be transferred into the surrogate cows. It has revolutionized the strategies of breeding among Bovines as a tool in optimizing the genetic improvement in cattle. ETT offers various benefits such as

  • The technology will be made available at the doorstep of the farmers and will result on the rapid breeding of indigenous cattle of high genetic merit.
  • A farmer can obtain a five to six fold increase in the number of off springs.
  • The off springs produced will be of very high genetic merit
  • The calves so produced will be free from diseases.

 

Rashtriya Gokul Mission

  • For the development and conservation of indigenous bovine breeds for enhancing productivity and milk production through induction of high genetic merit bulls for production of semen, recording of field performance, setting up of Gokul grams etc in a scientific manner, a programme called Rashtriya Gokul Mission was launched in December 2014 by the Ministry of Agriculture. It is a focused programme under the National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development.

Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM) : INDUSCHIP has been developed for genomic selection of indigenous breeds and 6000 dairy animals have been genetically evaluated using it. He informed that under the RGM, 20 Gokul Grams in 13 states at a total cost of Rs 197 crore have been approved. Apart from this, Under the Pashu Sanjivni component of the scheme, 9 crore milch animals are being identified using UID (Unique Identification Device).

  • He said that the credit for India becoming the world’s largest milk producer goes to livestock farmers and the various schemes of the Indian government. He further added that 20 Embryo Transfer Technology (ETT) centres are being established in the country and proposal of 19 centres have been approved so far. These centres are producing 3000 high genetic merit bulls of indigenous bovine breeds.
  • Apart from this, World Bank-funded National Dairy Plan Phase-I, National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD) etc. are being operationalised by the state governments through milk cooperative / federations related to the state

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding CRISPR-Cas9 genome-editing technology

1-CRISPR-Cas9 genome-editing technology used to create a single-chromosome yeast strain.

2-Using CRISPR-Cas9, researchers removed DNA at telomeres (ends of chromosomes that protect them from degrading) and also snipped out centromeres, sequences in middle that are important to DNA replication.

3-Firstly in this process, researchers had fused two chromosomes and then joined product to another chromosome and repeated process in successive rounds until there was only one chromosome left

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-Only 3
B- Only 1,2
C- Only  2,3
D-All of the Above

MCQ Source-27th November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper, Page-18 topic – Chinese academic claims to have geneedited twins

Ans-D

Exp-

  • Researchers had used CRISPR-Cas9 genome-editing technology to create a single-chromosome yeast strain.
  • Using CRISPR-Cas9, researchers removed DNA at telomeres (ends of chromosomes that protect them from degrading) and also snipped out centromeres, sequences in middle that are important to DNA replication.
  • Firstly in this process, researchers had fused two chromosomes and then joined product to another chromosome and repeated process in successive rounds until there was only one chromosome left.

Significance

  • The research had revealed that number of chromosomes of eukaryote has no correlation with amount of genetic information they possess.
  •  It also showed that all genetic information can be concentrated in just one chromosome. It provides new approach to studying the functions of telomeres by simplifying complex genome system.
  • This research may help in furthering research related to aging and diseases in humans.
  • In future, it may also pave way for new man-made species in the future.

 

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding Lingayats

1-The Lingayats are strict monotheists.

2-They instruct the worship of only one God, namely, Linga (Shiva).

3-Lingayats are currently classified as a Hindu sub-caste called “Veerashaiva Lingayats”.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-Only 1,2
B- Only 2,3
C- Only 1,3
D-All of the Above

MCQ Source-27th November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper- in today newspaper it was in news

Additional MCQ source https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/who-are-the-lingayats/article19386432.ece

Ans-D

Exp-

  • The Lingayats are strict monotheists.
  • They instruct the worship of only one God, namely, Linga (Shiva).
  • ‘Linga’ here does not mean Linga established in temples.
  • It is rather the universal consciousness qualified by the universal energy (Shakti).
  • Status – Lingayats are currently classified as a Hindu sub-caste called “Veerashaiva Lingayats”.
  • There is a general misconception that Lingayatism is a subsect of Shaivism, which is itself a sect of Hinduism.
  • There is also a misconception that the Lingayats are Shudras.
  • But textual evidence and reasoning suggests that Lingayatism is not a sect or subsect of Hinduism, but an independent religion.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statement regarding Ramsar Convention

  1. Chilka lake is the only Ramsar site in India.
  2. One of the salient features of this convention is the improvement of the national legislations for the protection of the wetlands.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source -Shankar IAS environment book Topic- Ramsar convention

Ans-D

Exp-

  • There are 26 Ramsar sites. Chilka lake is among them.
  • Wetlands conservation rules 2017 is regarding conservation and maintenance

 

Q-Assertion (A): Montreal Protocol and Vienna onvention are related to Ozone Depleting Substances.

Reason (R): Ozone depletion will affect human body by enhancing the chances of skin cancer and reduced level of Vitamin D in the body.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-Both are correct and R is correct explanation for A.

B- Both are correct but R is not correct explanation for A.

C- A is correct and R is false.

D- A is false and R is correct.

MCQ Source -Shankar IAS environment book Topic- Ozone Depletion

Ans-C

Exp-

  • Ozone depletion increases chances of skin cancer and cataract due to increase in UV radiation.
  • Increase UV-B radiation increases synthesis.

 

 

Q-Assertion (A): Sabarimala is a Hindu pilgrimage centre located at the Wayanad wildlife national park.

Reason (R): Kerala High Court has banned usage of plastic and PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) bottles at Sabarimala.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-Both are correct and R is correct explanation for A.

B-Both are correct but R is not correct explanation for A.

C-A is correct and R is false.

D-A is false and R is correct

MCQ Source-27th November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper,Page-5 Topic-Sabarimala sees rise in pilgrim inflow

MCQ Source- http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/kochi/2018/may/22/kerala-high-court-seeks-report-on-cases-of-violation-of-plastic-ban-1817772.html

 

Ans-D

Exp-

  • Sabarimala is a Hindu pilgrimage centre located at the Periyar Tiger Reserve on Pampa river.
  • Kerala High Court has banned usage of plastic and PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) bottles at Sabarimala
  • so A is false R is correct.

 

Q-Organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc).

Which of the following are the benefits of organic farming?

1-Environment Preservation

2-Economic Profitability

3-Enhanced crop yield

4-Most efficient use of resources

5-Social and Economic Equity

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1, 2,4

B- 1, 3,5

C-1,2,4,5

D- 3, 4,5

MCQ Source- Shankar IAS environment book Topic- Agriculture

Ans-C

Exp-

  • Organic farming enhances profit enhances profit as the cost of inputs is reduced due to most efficient use of resources. And as the cost of production is reduced, it is a means of women empowerment and poverty alleviation.
  • However, the major reason that is hampering the large scale adoption of organic farming is that it reduces crop yields in short term.