DESIREIAS QUIZ

26th October 2018 daily MCQ for UPSC CSE Exam Answers

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26th October 2018 daily MCQ for UPSC CSE Exam

Q-Consider the following statements regarding Isocyanate

1-Health effects of isocyanate exposure include irritation of skin and mucous membranes, chest tightness, and difficult breathing.

2-Isocyanates include compounds classified as potential human carcinogens and known to cause cancer in animals.

3- The main effects of hazardous exposures are occupational asthma and other lung problems, as well as irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin.

Select the Not correct answer using the code given below:

A-Only 1

B- Only 1,2

C- Only 3

D-None of Above

Ans-D

All statements are correct

Exp-Isocyanates are compounds containing the isocyanate group (-NCO).

They react with compounds containing alcohol (hydroxyl) groups to produce polyurethane polymers, which are components of polyurethane foams, thermoplastic elastomers, spandex fibers, and polyurethane paints.

Isocyanates are the raw materials that make up all polyurethane products.

Jobs that may involve exposure to isocyanates include painting, foam-blowing, and the manufacture of many Polyurethane products, such as chemicals, polyurethane foam, insulation materials, surface coatings, car seats, furniture, foam mattresses, under-carpet padding, packaging materials, shoes, laminated fabrics, polyurethane rubber, and adhesives, and during the thermal degradation of polyurethane products.

Health effects of isocyanate exposure include irritation of skin and mucous membranes, chest tightness, and difficult breathing.

Isocyanates include compounds classified as potential human carcinogens and known to cause cancer in animals.

The main effects of hazardous exposures are occupational asthma and other lung problems, as well as irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin.

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper 26th October 2018, Topic- Page-2 ,Students’ body sniffs design in Tibet river breach

Additional refer https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/isocyanates/

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements

1-Human Development  Index published by United Nations Development Program (UNDP)

2-Countries are ranked based on scale ranging between 0 (low) to 100 (high).

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- Only 1

B- Only 2

C- Both are Correct

D- None of the Above

Ans-A

 

  • The HDI is a measure for assessing countries progress in three basic dimensions of human development:
    • a long and healthy life (life expectancy),
    • access to knowledge and
    • access to a decent standard of living.
  • Countries are ranked based on scale ranging between 0 (low) to 1 (high).

It is Published by United Nations Development Program (UNDP

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper 26th October 2018, .page-6 Editorial Topic- Our time begins now

 

Q- Consider the following statements regrading Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA)

  1. The finance ministry is the nodal agency to implement the act.
  2. To regulate the acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain individuals or associations or companies.
  3. To prohibit acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activities detrimental to the national interest

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

Ans-C

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper 26th October 2018, Page -8 topic- ED searches Amnesty offi_ce

Q-Which are the modes of losing Indian Citizenship?

1- Renunciation
2- Termination
3- Deprivation

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-None of the Above

D-All of the Above

MCQ Source – 26th October 2018,The Hindu Newspaper – page-8 Topic- Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship

Ans-D

 

Exp

  • The Citizenship Act, 1955, prescribes three ways of losing citizenship whether acquired under the Act or under the Constitution.
  • By Renunciation –
  1. Any citizen of India can make a declaration renouncing is Indian citizenship.2. However, if such a declaration is made during a war in which India is engaged, its registration shall be withheld by the Central Government.

    3. Further, when a person renounces his Indian citizenship, every minor child of that person also loses Indian citizenship.

    4. But, when such a child attains the age of 18, he may resume Indian citizenship.

  • By Termination –
  1. When an Indian citizen voluntarily acquires the citizenship of another country, he/she automatically ceases to be Indian.2. This provision does not apply during a war in which India is engaged.
  • By Deprivation – It is a mandatory termination of Indian citizenship by the Central government, if :
  1. the citizen has obtained the citizenship by fraud;2. the citizen has shown disloyalty to the Constitution of India;

    3. the citizen has unlawfully traded or communicated with the enemy during a war;

    4. the citizen has, within five years after registration or naturalization, been imprisoned in any country for two years; and

    5. the citizen has been ordinarily resident out of India for seven years continuously (not applicable to students studying abroad or to citizens in the service of a government in India or an international organization of which India is a member, or to citizens who register annually at an Indian consulate regarding their intention to retain his Indian citizenship).

 

Q-Who of the following can become citizen of India?

1- Person who is not a subject or citizen of any country where citizens of India are prevented from becoming subjects or citizens of that country by naturalisation.
2- A person of Indian origin who is ordinarily resident in India for seven years before making an application for registration.
3- A person who is married to a citizen of India and is ordinarily resident in India for five years before making an application for registration.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper 26th October 2018, page-8 Topic- Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship

 

Ans-A

Explanation: 
The Citizenship Act of 1955 provides 5 ways of acquiring citizenship, viz, birth, descent, registration, naturalization and incorporation of territory.

  • By Registration –The Central Government may, on an application, register as a citizen of India any person (not being an illegal migrant) if he belongs to any of the following categories, namely :
  1. a person of Indian origin who is ordinarily resident in India for seven years before making an application for registration;
    2. a person of Indian origin who is ordinarily resident in any country or place outside undivided India;
    3. a person who is married to a citizen of India and is ordinarily resident in India for seven years before making an application for registration;
    4. minor children of persons who are citizens of India;
    5. a person of full age and capacity whose parents are registered as citizens of India;
    6. a person of full age and capacity who, or either of his parents, was earlier citizen of independent India, and has been residing in India for one year immediately before making an application for registration;
    7. a person of full age and capacity who has been registered as an overseas citizen of India for five years, and who has been residing in India for one year before making an application for registration.
  • An applicant shall be deemed to be ordinarily resident in India if –

(i) he has resided in India throughout the period of twelve months immediately before making an application for registration; and

(ii) he has resided in India during the eight years immediately preceding the said period of twelve months for a period of not less than six years.

  • A person shall be deemed to be of Indian origin if he, or either of his parents, was born in undivided India or in such other territory which became part of India after the 15th August, 1947.
  • All the above categories of persons must take an oath of allegiance before they are registered as citizens of India.
  • By Naturalisation –The Central Government may, on an application, grant a certificate of naturalisation to any person (not being an illegal migrant) if he possesses the following qualifications :
  1. that he is not a subject or citizen of any country where citizens of India are prevented from becoming subjects or citizens of that country by naturalisation;

    2. that, if he is a citizen of any country, he undertakes to renounce the citizenship of that country in the event of his application for Indian citizenship being accepted;

    3. that he has either resided in India or been in the service of a Government in India or partly the one and partly the other, throughout the period of twelve months immediately preceding the date of the application;

    4. that during the fourteen years immediately preceding the said period of twelve months, he has either resided in India or been in the service of a Government in India, or partly the one and partly the other, for periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than eleven years;

    5. that he is of good character;

    6. that he has an adequate knowledge of a language specified in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution, and

    7. that in the event of a certificate of naturalisation being granted to him, he intends to reside in India, or to enter into or continue in, service under a Government in India or under an international organization of which India is a member or under a society, company or body of persons established in India.

  • However, the Government of India may waive all or any of the above conditions for naturalisation in the case of a person who has rendered distinguished service to the science, philosophy, art,literature,world peace or human progress.
  • Every naturalised citizen must take an oath of allegiance to the Constitution of India.

Q-Which of the following rights and privileges are conferred on citizens but not the friendly aliens?

1- Article 15
2- Article 22
3- Article 29

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper 26th October 2018, page-8 Topic- Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship

Ans-B

Exp- 

  • Citizens are full members of the Indian State and owe allegiance to it.
  • They enjoy all civil and political rights.
  • Aliens are the citizens of some other state.
  • Friendly aliens are the subjects of those countries that have cordial relations with India.
  • Enemy aliens are the subjects of that country that is at war with India. They enjoy lesser rights than the friendly aliens, e.g., they do not enjoy protection against arrest and detention (Article 22).
  • The Constitution confers the following rights and privileges on the citizens of India (and denies the same to aliens :
  1. Article 15 – Right against discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
    2. Article 16 -Right to equality of opportunity in the matter of public employment.
    3. Article 19 – Right to freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association, movement, residence and profession.
    4. Articles 29 and 30 – Cultural and educational rights.
    5. Right to vote in elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly.
    6. Right to contest for the membership of the Parliament and the state legislature.
    7. Eligibility to hold certain public offices, that is, President of India, Vice-President of India, judges of the Supreme Court and the high courts, governor of states, attorney general of India and advocate general of states.
  • Citizens also owe certain duties towards the Indian State.
  • In India both a citizen by birth as well as a naturalized citizen are eligible for the office of President while in USA, only a citizen by birth is eligible for the office of President.

 

Q-Which are the modes of acquiring Indian Citizenship?

1- Naturalization
2- Descent
3- Acquiring Foreign Territory

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper 26th October 2018, page-8 Topic- Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship

Ans-D

Explanation: 
The Citizenship Act of 1955 provides5 ways of acquiring citizenship, viz, birth, descent, registration, naturalization and incorporation of territory.

  • By Birth –
  1. A person born in India on or after 26th January 1950 but before 1st July 1987 is a citizen of India by birth irrespective of the nationality of his/her parents.2. A person born in India on or after 1st July 1987 is considered as a citizen of India only if either of his parents is a citizen of India at the time of his/her birth.

    3. Further, those born in India on or after 3rd December 2004 are considered citizens of India only if both of their parents are citizens of India or one of whose parents is a citizen of India and the other is not an illegal migrant at the time of their birth.

    4. The children of foreign diplomats posted in India and enemy aliens cannot acquire Indian citizenship by birth.

  • By Descent –
  1. A person born outside India on or after 26th January 1950 but before 10th December1992 is a citizen of India by descent, if his father was a citizen of India at the time of his birth.2. A person born outside India on or after 10th December 1992 is considered as a citizen of India if either of his parents is a citizen of India at the time of his birth.

    3. From 3rd December 2004 onwards, a person born outside India shall not be a citizen of India by descent, unless his birth is registered at an Indian consulate within one year of the date of birth or with the permission of the Central Government, after the expiry of the said period.

    4. An application, for registration of the birth of a minor child, to an Indian consulate shall be accompanied by an undertaking in writing from the parents of such minor child that he or she does not hold the passport of another country.

  • By Incorporation of Territory –
  1. If any foreign territory becomes a part of India, the Government of India specifies the persons who shall be citizens of India amongst the people of the territory.
    2. Such persons become the citizens of India from the notified date.
    3. For example, when Pondicherry became a part of India, the Government of India issued the Citizenship (Pondicherry) Order, 1962, under the Citizenship Act, 1955.

Q-Which of the following is/are true regarding Person of Indian Origin (PIO) and Overseas Citizen of India (OCI)?
1-OCI is entitled to lifelong visas free travel to India whereas for PIO card holder, it is for 15 years.
2 – PIO card holder is required to register with local police authority for stay exceeding 180 days in India on any single visit whereas OCI is exempted from registration with police authority for any length of stay in India.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- Only 1

B- Only 2

C- Both are Correct

D- None of the Above

MCQ Source – The Hindu Newspaper 26th October 2018, page-8 Topic- Govt. notifies rules on granting citizenship

Ans-C

 

Exp

  • The Constitution deals with the citizenship from Articles 5 to 11 under Part II.
  • But it has neither any permanent nor any elaborate provisions for it.
  • It only identifies the persons who became citizens of India at commencement of Constitution (i.e., on January 26, 1950).
  • It empowers the Parliament to enact a law on any matter relating to citizenship.
  • The Parliament has enacted the Citizenship Act, 1955, which has been amended in 1986, 1992, 2003 and 2005.
  • According to the Constitution, the following 4 categories of persons became the citizens of India at its commencement i.e., on 26 January, 1950 –
    Article 5 –A person who had his domicile in India and also fulfilled any one of the 3 conditions, viz.,if he was born in India; or if either of his parents was born in India; or if he has been ordinarily resident in India for five years immediately before the commencement of the Constitution, became a citizen of India.
    2. Article 6 – A person who migrated to India from Pakistan became an Indian citizen if he or either of his parents or any of his grandparents was born in undivided India and also fulfilled any one of the two conditions viz.,
    (i) in case he migrated to India before July 19, 1948, he had been ordinarily resident in India since the date of his migration;
    (ii) or in case he migrated to India on or after July 19, 1948, he had been registered as a citizen of India.
    3. But, a person could be so registered only if he had been resident in India for six months preceding the date of his application for registration.
    4. Article 7 – A person who migrated to Pakistan from India after March 1, 1947, but later returned to India for resettlement could become an Indian citizen. For this, he had to be resident in India for six months preceding the date of his application for registration.5. Article 8 – A person who, or any of whose parents or grandparents, was born in undivided India but who is ordinarily residing outside India shall become an Indian citizen if he has been registered asa citizen of India by the diplomatic or consular representative of India in the country of his residence, whether before or after the commencement of the Constitution. Thus, this provision covers the overseas Indians who may want to acquire Indian citizenship.
  • Article 9 –No person shall be a citizen of India or be deemed to be a citizen of India, if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign state.
  • Article 10 –Every person who is or is deemed to be a citizen of India shall continue to be such citizen,subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament.
  • Article 11 –Parliament can make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship.

However, Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, which proposes to grant citizenship to six persecuted minorities: Hindus,

Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and Buddhists who came to India from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh

before 2014