DESIREIAS QUIZ

26 September Daily MCQ For UPSC –Based on The Hindu Newspaper (Answers with Explanation)

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26 September Daily MCQ For UPSC –Based on The Hindu Newspaper (Answers with Explanation)

Q-1 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Ravi River originates from the Tibet

रवि नदी तिब्बत से निकलती है

2-Two of its major tributaries, the Budhil and Nai or Dhona from its source.

दो प्रमुख सहायक नदियों, बुद्धिल और नाई या ढोना है

3- The waters of Ravi are allocated to Pakistan under Indus Water Treaty.

रवि के पानी पाकिस्तान को आवंटित किए जाते हैं सिंधु जल संधि के तहत।

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-only 1,2

B-only 2

C-only 1,3

D-only 3

(MCQ Source 26 September The HINDU Newspaper –Topic-Front page Figure about Ravi River)

Ans- only 2

Exp-

The Ravi River originates in the Himalayas in the Multhan tehsil of Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, India

Two of its major tributaries, the Budhil and Nai or Dhona join 64 kilometres (40 mi) downstream from its source.

The waters of Ravi are allocated to India under Indus Water Treaty.

Q-2 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a Non-quasi-judicial body in India that adjudicates issues relating to companies in India.

नेशनल कंपनी लॉ ट्रिब्यूनल (एनसीएलटी) भारत में एक गैर-अर्ध-न्यायिक निकाय है जो भारत में कंपनियों से संबंधित मुद्दों का निर्णय लेता है।

2- It was Established in 2016 (Companies Act, 2013)

यह 2016 में स्थापित किया गया था (कंपनी अधिनियम, 2013)

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- Only 1

B- Only 2

C- Both are Correct

D- None of the Above

(MCQ Source 26 September The HINDU Newspaper –Topic-Front page -NPAs with PSU banks declining: Jaitley)

Ans-B

Exp-

National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a quasi-judicial body in India that adjudicates issues relating to companies in India.

It was Established in 2016 (Companies Act, 2013)

Structure

The NCLT has eleven benches, two at New Delhi (one being the principal bench) and one each at Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Bengaluru, Chandigarh, Chennai, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai.

Powers of the National Company Law Tribunal

The NCLT has been given wide powers under the Companies Act, 2013 to adjudicate:

Cases initiated before the Company Law Board under the previous act (Companies Act, 1956)
All proceedings pending before any District court or High Court under the Old Act
Cases pending before the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR), including those pending under the Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985
Appeals or any other proceedings pending before the Appellate Authority for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (AAIFR)
Fresh proceedings pertaining to claims of oppression and mismanagement of a company, winding up of companies and all other powers prescribed under the Companies Act.
In addition, the recently enacted Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (Bankruptcy Code), also provides wide powers to the NCLT to adjudicate upon the ‘insolvency resolution process’ and liquidation of corporate debtors.
Benefits of NCLT and NCLAT

The formation of the NCLT and the NCLAT is a significant step towards attaining fast and efficient resolution of disputes relating to affairs of the Indian corporates.
It is expected that once all relevant provisions under the Companies Act and the Bankruptcy Code are made effective, these tribunals would provide holistic solutions to issues being faced by companies, including those of winding up, oppression/mismanagement and insolvency.
Being the sole forum dealing with company related disputes, these tribunals would also eliminate any scope for overlapping or conflicting rulings and minimise delays in resolution of disputes, thus, proving to be a boon for litigants.

Q-3 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Bellandur Lake is a lake in the suburb of Bellandur in the southeast of the city of Bangalore and is the largest lake in the city.

बेलंदूर झील बैंगलोर शहर के दक्षिणपूर्व में बेलंदूर के उपनगर में एक झील है और यह शहर की सबसे बड़ी झील है।

2-It is highly polluted with foam covering Lake

यह फोम कवर झील के साथ अत्यधिक प्रदूषित है

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- Only 1

B- Only 2

C- Both are Correct

D- None of the Above

(MCQ Source 26 September The HINDU Newspaper –Topic- Page-5 Topic-The Bellandur lake in Bengaluru started frothing again on Tuesday)

Ans-C

Q-4 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is non constitutional and non-statutory body.

केंद्रीय जांच ब्यूरो (सीबीआई) गैर संवैधानिक और गैर-सांविधिक निकाय है।

2-It was established in 1941 as Special Police Establishment and was renamed to present nomenclature in 1963.

यह 1941 में विशेष पुलिस प्रतिष्ठान के रूप में स्थापित किया गया था और 1963 में इसका नाम बदलकर नामकरण कर दिया गया था।

3-It is under administrative control of Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Ministry of Personnel.

यह कार्मिक मंत्रालय, कार्मिक और प्रशिक्षण विभाग (डीओपीटी) के प्रशासनिक नियंत्रण में है।

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

(MCQ Source 26 September The HINDU Newspaper –Topic- Page-6 CBI: colleague ordered Minister’s morphed CD)

Ans-D

Exp-

CBI is the foremost investigative police agency in India. It is non constitutional and non-statutory body.
It was established in 1941 as Special Police Establishment and was renamed to present nomenclature in 1963.
Headquarters:New Delhi.
Motto:Industry, Impartiality, Integrity.
It derives power to investigate from Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.
It is under administrative control of Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Ministry of Personnel

Q-5 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-T-72 is a family of Soviet main battle tanks that first entered production in 1971.

टी -72 सोवियत मुख्य युद्ध टैंक का एक परिवार है जो पहली बार 1 9 71 में उत्पादन में प्रवेश करता था।

2- T-72B3 version introduced in 2010 is considered a third-generation main battle tank

2010 में पेश किए गए टी -72 बी 3 संस्करण को तीसरी पीढ़ी के मुख्य युद्ध टैंक माना जाता है

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- Only 1

B- Only 2

C- Both are Correct

D- None of the Above

(MCQ Source 26 September The HINDU Newspaper –Topic- Page-11 DAC clears 1,000 engines for T-72 tanks)

Ans-C

Exp-

The T-72 is a family of Soviet main battle tanks that first entered production in 1971.

About 20,000 T-72 tanks were built, making it one of the most widely produced post-World War II tanks, second only to the T-54/55 family.

The T-72A version introduced in 1979 is considered a second-generation main battle tank. It was widely exported and saw service in 40 countries and in numerous conflicts. The T-72B3 version introduced in 2010 is considered a third-generation main battle tank.

Q-6 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1- SEBI is the Statutory regulator for the securities market in India.

सेबी भारत में प्रतिभूति बाजार के लिए गैर वैधानिक नियामक है।

2-It was established in 1978 and given statutory powers through the SEBI Act, 1992.

यह 1978 में स्थापित किया गया था और सेबी अधिनियम, 1992 के माध्यम से शक्तियां दी गई थीं।

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- Only 1

B- Only 2

C- Both are Correct

D- None of the Above

(MCQ Source 26 September The HINDU Newspaper –Topic- Page -13 Apex court wants government to fill SAT vacancies quickly)

Ans-B

Exp.

  • SEBI is the statutory regulator for the securities market in India.
  • It was established in 1988 and given statutory powers through the SEBI Act, 1992.
    HQ: Mumbai.
    Purpose: Protect the interests of investors in securities, promote the development of securities market and to regulate the securities market.
    SEBI is responsive to needs of three groups, which constitute the market i.e.
    issuers of securities,
    investors and
    market intermediaries.
    It has three functions:
    quasi-legislative (drafts regulations in its legislative capacity),
    quasi-judicial (passes rulings and orders in its judicial capacity) and
    quasi-executive (conducts investigation and enforcement action in its executive function).