DESIREIAS QUIZ

24th September 2018 Daily Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC

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24th September 2018 Daily Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC – Based on The HINDU Newspaper

Q-1 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Araku Valley is a hill station in Andhra Pradesh.

अराकू घाटी आंध्र प्रदेश में एक पहाड़ी स्टेशन है।

2-The Anantagiri and Sunkarimetta Reserved Forest which are part of Araku Valley, are rich in biodiversity and is mined for Iron

अनंतगिरी और सुन्करिमेटा संरक्षित वन जो अराकू घाटी का हिस्सा हैं, जैव विविधता में समृद्ध हैं और लोहे खनन के लिए जाना जाता है

3-Galikonda hill rising to a height of 1,500 m is amongst the highest peaks in Andhra Pradesh.

गैलिकोंडा पहाड़ी आंध्र प्रदेश में सबसे बड़ी चोटियों है जो 1,500 मीटर की ऊंचाई है

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- 1,2 only

B- 2,3 only

C- 1,3 Only

D- All of The Above

Ans-C

Exp-

Araku Valleyis a hill station in Visakhapatnam district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, lying 111km west of Visakhapatnam
This place is often referred as Ooty of Andhra. It is a valley in the Eastern Ghats inhabited by different tribes.
It is located in the Eastern Ghatsabout 114 kilometres from Visakhapatnam, close to the Odisha state border.
The Anantagiri and Sunkarimetta Reserved Forest which are part of Araku Valley, are rich in biodiversity and is mined for bauxite.
Galikonda hill rising to a height of 5,000 feet (1,500 m) is amongst the highest peaks in Andhra Pradesh.

MCQ Source -24th September The HINDU Newspaper –Front Page- Topic-Araku Valley TDP MLA, leader shot dead by Maoists in Araku Valley

 

Q-2 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Ayushman Bharat is a Centrally Sponsored health insurance scheme.
आयुषमान भारत एक केंद्रीय प्रायोजित स्वास्थ्य बीमा योजना है।
2-It will provide cover of Rs 5 lakh per family per year, taking care of almost all secondary care and tertiary care procedures.
यह प्रति वर्ष 5 लाख रुपये प्रति परिवार का कवर प्रदान करेगा, लगभग सभी माध्यमिक देखभाल और तृतीयक देखभाल प्रक्रियाओं का ख्याल रखेगा।
3-There will be cap on family size and age in the scheme.
इस योजना में पारिवारिक आकार और उम्र पर अधिकतम सीमा लगी है।

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- 1,2 only
B- 2,3 only
C- 1,3 Only
D- All of The Above
MCQ Source -24th September The HINDU Newspaper –Front Page- Topic- PM launches Ayushman Bharat

Ans-A

Exp-

It is Centrally Sponsored health insurance scheme.
The scheme will integrate two on-going centrally sponsored schemes viz. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).
AB-NHPM aims to target over 10 crore families belonging to poor and vulnerable population based on SocioEconomic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC) database.
It will provide cover of Rs 5 lakh per family per year, taking care of almost all secondary care and tertiary care procedures.
There will be no cap on family size and age in the scheme.
Benefit cover: It includes pre and post-hospitalisation expenses.
It will cover all pre-existing conditions from beginning of the policy.
It will also pay defined transport allowance per hospitalization to the beneficiary.

Q-3 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Zika virus is vector borne disease transmitted primarily by daytime-active Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.

ज़िका वायरस वेक्टर बोर्न बीमारी है जो प्राथमिक रूप से दिन-सक्रिय एडीज इजिप्ती मच्छरों द्वारा प्रसारित होती है।

2-It is also found that, sexual transmission of Zika virus disease is possible.

यह भी पाया जाता है कि, ज़िका वायरस रोग का यौन संचरण संभव है।

3-It attacks the all body and can lead to potentially fatal paralysis.

यह सभी शरीर पर हमला करता है और संभावित घातक पक्षाघात का कारण बन सकता है

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- 1,2 only

B- 2,3 only

C- 1,3 Only

D- All of The Above

MCQ Source -24th September The HINDU Newspaper –Page-6 Woman tests positive for Zika virus

Ans –A

Exp-

  • Zika virus is vector borne disease transmitted primarily by daytime-active Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
    It is also found that, sexual transmission of Zika virus disease is possible.
    This virus causes deadly fever and this is also linked to microcephaly
    The virus is capable of causing serious birth defects i.e. neurological disorders and foetal deformation known as Microcephaly in which infants are born with abnormally smaller heads.
    Besides a possible link between the virus and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS: a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks part of the nervous system) is also suspected.
    India, China, Pakistan and Bangladesh are vulnerable to Zika virus because these countries receive large number of travellers from effected countries.
    Zika disease, since the 1950s has been known to occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia.
    Zika virus is related to dengue, yellow fever, Japansese encephalitis and West Nile viruses. The illness it causes is similar to a mild form of dengue fever, it is treated by rest, and cannot yet be prevented by drugs or vaccines.
    There is a possible link between Zika fever and microcephaly (smaller head size) in new born babies by mother-to-child transmission as well as a stronger one with neurologic conditions in infected adults, including cases of the Guillain-Barre syndrome, a condition in which the immune system attacks the nervous system, sometimes resulting in paralysis.
    It attacks the nervous system and can lead to potentially fatal paralysis.
    First discovered in Zika forest in Uganda.
    Disease caused havoc in Latin American countries last year.
    Treatment: There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available to treat Zika. The best form of prevention is protection against mosquito bites and clearing stagnant water where mosquitoes breed.
  • Q-4 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-The hornbills bird found in tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia and Melanesia.

हॉर्नबिल्स पक्षी उष्णकटिबंधीय और उपोष्णकटिबंधीय अफ्रीका, एशिया और मेलानेशिया में पाया जाता है।

2- Recently IUCN put Hornbill as a Vulnerable List

हाल ही में आईयूसीएन ने हॉर्नबिल को एक वल्नरेबल सूची के रूप में रखा है

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- Only 1

B- Only 2

C- Both are Correct

D- None of the Above

Ans-A

Exp-

They are characterized by a long, down-curved bill which is frequently brightly colored and sometimes has a casque on the upper mandible. Both the common English and the scientific name of the family refer to the shape of the bill, “buceros” being “cow horn” in Greek. Hornbills have a two-lobed kidney. They are the only birds in which the first and second neck vertebrae (the atlas and axis respectively) are fused together; this probably provides a more stable platform for carrying the bill.

The family is omnivorous, feeding on fruit and small animals. They are monogamous breeders nesting in natural cavities in trees and sometimes cliffs. A number of species of hornbill are threatened with extinction, mostly insular species with small ranges.

IUCN put Hornbill as a Near Threatened List

MCQ Source -24th September The HINDU Newspaper – Page-7 Citizen science initiative helps save hornbills

 

Q-5 Recently S400 Missiles Often in News, Its Belong to Which Country ?

हाल ही में समाचार में एस 400 मिसाइलें देखी गयी , यह किस देश से संबंधित है?

A-USA

B-China

C-Israel

D- Russia

MCQ Source -24th September The HINDU Newspaper -page-12 topic – China steps up protest over U.S. sanctions

Ans-D

 

Q-6 The demand for goods and services i.e. GDP in the economy comes from which of the following components:

माल और सेवाओं की मांग यानी अर्थव्यवस्था में सकल घरेलू उत्पाद निम्नलिखित घटकों में से आता है:

1-Households

2-Private investment

3-Government

4-Exports

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A- 1,2 only

B- 2,3 only

C- 1,2,3 Only

D- All of The Above

Ans-D

MCQ Source -24th September The HINDU Newspaper – page-13 Topic-Majority of firms expect 6.57.5% GDP growth in FY19

  • GDP is the sum of the final value of all goods and services (consumption and capital) produced in the economy or it can also be defined as value added by all the enterprises in the economy.
    Whatever goods and services (consumption and capital) are produced in the economy is ultimately purchased by household, private, government sector and the rest is exported.

 

Q-7 As per the revised methodology of CSO, economic growth in India is measured by GDP at:

सीएसओ की संशोधित पद्धति के अनुसार, भारत में आर्थिक विकास जीडीपी द्वारा मापा जाता है:

A-Constant market prices

B- Current market prices

C- Factor Cost at constant prices

D-Factor Cost at market prices

MCQ Source -24th September The HINDU Newspaper – page-13 Topic-Majority of firms expect 6.57.5% GDP growth in FY19

Ans-A