DESIREIAS QUIZ

23th November Daily MCQ ( Answers)

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23th November Daily MCQ ( Answers)

Q-The NGT has the power to hear all civil cases relating to environmental issues and questions that are linked to

  1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  1. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.
  2. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  3. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
  4. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  5. The Indian Forest Act, 1927.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

A- Only 1,2,3,5,6

B- Only 1,2, 3,4

C- Only 2,3,4,5,6

D- All of the above

MCQ Source- 23th November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper,Page-3 topic- NGT to inspect Panipat refinery

Ans-B

Exp-

  • The NGT has not been vested with powers to hear any matter relating to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the Indian Forest Act, 1927 and various laws enacted by States relating to forests, tree preservation etc.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements about Gas Hydrates

1-Gas Hydrates are formed as the stable solid.

2-Most gas hydrates are formed from cooled Nitrous oxide.

3-When gas molecules are trapped in a lattice of water molecules at temperatures below 00 C and pressures above one atmosphere, they form gas hydrates.

4-Hydrates also influence the global climate change.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

A- Only 1,3,4

B- Only 1,2,3

C- Only 1,3

D- All of the Above

 

MCQ Source- http://www.moes.gov.in/programmes/gas-hydrates

Ans- A

Exp-

  • When gas molecules are trapped in a lattice of water molecules at temperatures above 0oC and pressure above one atmosphere, they can form a stable solid.
  • These solids are gas hydrates.
  • Most gas hydrates are formed from methane (CH4).
  • Methane is the simplest hydrocarbon, and is the primary component of the natural gas that we burn for energy.
  • Gas hydrate deposits along ocean margins are estimated to exceed known petroleum reserves by about a factor of three. These hydrate beds leak gases into the water, forming cold seeps on the ocean floor.
  • This hydrocarbon seepage is common on continental margins around the world.
  • Hydrates influence ocean carbon cycling, global climate change, and coastal sediment stability. Localized meltdowns have caused massive continental slope failure, which can present a geological hazard for shelf oil and gas production.
  • Massive hydrate dissolution events, releasing vast amounts of the greenhouse gas methane, are possible causes of some of the abrupt climate changes seen in the geologic record.

 

 

Q-Consider the Following statements regarding National Commission of Scheduled Tribes (NCST)

1-National Commission for Scheduled Tribes is an Indian constitutional body was established through Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003.

2-The Commission comprises a Chairperson, a Vice-Chairperson and four full-time Members (including one lady Member).

3-The term of all the Members of the Commission is five years from the date of assumption of charge.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1
B- Only 1,2
C- Only 2,3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source- 23th November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper,Page-7 Topic-Death due to misplaced adventure’

Ans-A

Exp-

  • National Commission for Scheduled Tribes is an Indian constitutional body was established through Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003.
  • The Commission comprises a Chairperson, a Vice-Chairperson and three full-time Members (including one lady Member).
  • The term of all the Members of the Commission is three years from the date of assumption of charge.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements

1-Hydrofluoro-carbons are ozone depleting in nature.

2-They are more potent ozone depleting substance than Chlorofluorocarbons.

3-They do not have high global warming potential.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

A-Only 1,2

B- Only 2,3

C-All of the Above

D- None of the above

MCQ Source-https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/should-hfcs-be-dealt-under-montreal-protocol-or-kyoto-protocol-47171

Ans- D

Exp-HFCs are GHGs having high global warming potential then CO2.

 

 

 

Q-Carbon sequestration is an important technique in addressing climate change.

Which of the following is not a carbon sequestration technique?

A-Bringing large tracks of tropical regions under afforestation.

B-Injecting CO2 into oil fields and oceans.

C-Developing of wetlands

D-Reducing the emission of carbon dioxide by reducing burning of fossil fuels.

MCQ Source- https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-new-weapon-in-the-carbon-fight/article22444689.ece

Ans-D

Exp-

  • Carbon sequestration is the process involved in carbon capture and the long-term storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
  • Carbon dioxide is naturally captured from the atmosphere through biological, chemical, or physical processes.
  • Some important methods of Carbon sequestration: Peat production, Reforestation, Wetland restoration,
  • Mineral carbonation, Ocean storage, Subterranean injection, Chemical scrubbers.

 

 

Q-Which of the following is a reason for inflation?

1-Deficit financing
2-Growth in per capita income
3-Structural deficiencies
Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 1,3
C- Only 2,3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source- 23th November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper,Page-13, Topic- Falling crude puts OMC pricing under scanner

Ans-D

Exp-

Inflation refers to rise in the general price level in the economy. Various demand and supply side factors cause inflation.

 

 

Q-The term ‘narrow banking’ is best described as
A-banks acting only as payment banks
B-banking by non-banking financial companies
C-limited areas of operation by banks
D-banks lending only to risk free sectors

MCQ Source-https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/short-term-rates-fall-as-rbi-eases-slr-norms/article25061910.ece

Ans-D

Exp-

  • A ‘Narrow Bank’ can be defined as the system of banking under which a bank places its funds in risk-free assets with maturity period matching its liability maturity profile, so that there is no problem relating to asset liability mismatch and the quality of assets remains intact without leading to emergence of sub-standard assets.

 

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding the history of nationalism:
1-Garibaldi regarded is considered as one of the “fathers of fatherland” in Italy because he was associated with the making of Italy.
2-Ho Chi Minh universally called “Uncle Ho,” for his contribution in the struggle for free Vietnam from Colonial rule.
3-George Washington is considered as the father of his country for his contribution in struggle to free America from Great Britain.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

A-Only 1
B-Only 1,2
C-Only 1,3
D-All of the above

MCQ Source- 22th November 2018, PIB News Analysis ,Topic-Address by the Hon’ble President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind On the occasion of unveiling of the Statue of Mahatma Gandhi 

Ans-D

Exp-

  •  In the history of nationalism a single individual is often identified with the making of a nation.
  • Thus, for example, we associate Garibaldi with the making of Italy, George Washington with the American War of Independence, and Ho Chi Minh with the struggle to free Vietnam from colonial rule.
  • In the same manner, Mahatma Gandhi has been regarded as the ‘Father’ of the Indian nation.

 

 

Q-Which of the following sentences is incorrect regarding the Swadeshi movement of 1905-07?
A-The Swadeshi movement of 1905-07 had greatly broadened its appeal among the middle classes.
B-The Swadeshi movement of 1905-07 had greatly broadened its appeal among the lawyer communities.
C-The Swadeshi movement had thrown up some towering leaders – like “Lal, Bal and Pal” the alliteration conveying the all-India character of their struggle, since their native provinces were very distant from one another.
D-The Swadeshi movement leaders advocated militant opposition to colonial rule, there was a group of “Moderates” who preferred a more gradual and persuasive approach.

MCQ Source-22th November 2018, PIB News Analysis, Topic-Address by the Hon’ble President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind On the occasion of unveiling of the Statue of Mahatma Gandhi 

Ans- B

Exp-

  • The Swadeshi movement of 1905-07 had greatly broadened its appeal among the middle classes.
  •  Among the Moderate leaders were Gandhiji’s acknowledged political mentor, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, as well as Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who, like Gandhiji, was a lawyer of Gujarati extraction trained in London. On Gokhale’s advice, Gandhiji spent a year travelling around British India, getting to know the land and its peoples.

 

 

Q-Consider the following facts about Mahatma Gandhi:
1-In January 1917, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returned to his homeland after two decades of residence abroad.
2-Mahatma Gandhi went South Africa as a lawyer, and became a leader of the Indian community in that territory.
3-It was in South Africa that Mahatma Gandhi first forged the distinctive techniques of non-violent protest known as satyagraha, first promoted harmony between religions, and first alerted upper-caste Indians to their discriminatory treatment of low castes and women.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
A-Only 1
B-Only 1,2
C-Only 2,3
D-All of the above

MCQ Source-22th November 2018, PIB News Analysis, Topic-Address by the Hon’ble President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind at the Australian Financial Review India Business Summi

Ans- C

Exp-

  • In January 1915, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returned to his homeland after two decades of residence abroad.
  • These years had been spent for the most part in South Africa, where he went as a lawyer, and in time became a leader of the Indian community in that territory.
  • As the historian Chandran Devanesan has remarked, South Africa was “the making of the Mahatma”.
  • It was in South Africa that Mahatma Gandhi first forged the distinctive techniques of non-violent protest known as satyagraha, first promoted harmony between religions, and first alerted upper-caste Indians to their discriminatory treatment of low castes and women.

 

 

 

Q-Which of the following initiatives marked Mahatma Gandhi out as a nationalist?
A-The initiatives in Champaran, Ahmedabad and Kheda marked Gandhiji out as a nationalist with a deep sympathy for the poor.
B-The initiatives in South Africa marked Gandhiji out as a nationalist with a deep sympathy for the poor.
C-The initiatives Khilafat movement of 1919-20 marked Gandhiji out as a nationalist with a deep sympathy for the poor.
D-The initiatives Non-cooperation movement of 1920-22 marked Gandhiji out as a nationalist with a deep sympathy for the poor.

MCQ Source-22th November 2018, PIB News Analysis, Topic-Address by the Hon’ble President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind at the Australian Financial Review India Business Summi

Ans-A

Exp-

  •  These initiatives in Champaran, Ahmedabad and Kheda marked Gandhiji out as a nationalist with a deep sympathy for the poor.
  • At the same time, these were all localised struggles. Then, in 1919, the colonial rulers delivered into Gandhiji’s lap an issue from which he could construct a much wider movement.

 

 

Q-During the nationalist movements, series of “Praja Mandals” were established:
1-To promote the nationalist creed in the princely states.
2-To promote the tradition of wearing dhoti-kurta for all the nationalists.
3-To oppose Simon Commission of 1927 which was to report on the working of the Indian constitution established by the Government of India Act of 1919.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
A-Only 1
B-Only 1,2
C-Only 1,3
D-All of the above

MCQ Source-22th November 2018, PIB News Analysis, Topic-Address by the Hon’ble President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind at the Australian Financial Review India Business Summi

Ans-A

Exp.

  •  While Mahatma Gandhi’s mass appeal was undoubtedly genuine – and in the context of Indian politics, without precedent – it must also be stressed that his success in broadening the basis of nationalism was based on careful organisation.
  • New branches of the Congress were set up in various parts of India.
  • A series of “Praja Mandals” were established to promote the nationalist creed in the princely states. Gandhiji encouraged the communication of the nationalist message in the mother tongue, rather than in the language of the rulers, English.
  • Thus the provincial committees of the Congress were based on linguistic regions, rather than on the artificial boundaries of British India.