DESIREIAS QUIZ

22th September Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC – Based on The HINDU Newspaper

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22th September Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC – Based on The HINDU Newspaper

 

Q-1 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Armyworm, a native of the Americas, has already spread as far as West Bengal and Gujarat

आर्मीवार्म, अमेरिका का मूल निवासी, जो पहले से ही पश्चिम बंगाल और गुजरात तक फैल चुका है

2-Armyworms are caterpillars that attack rice.

आर्मीवार्म कैटरपिलर हैं जो चावल पर हमला करते हैं।

3-A single armyworm egg mass contains hundreds of eggs

एक आर्मीवार्म काफी सारे अंडे देते हैं

 

Choose the correct code

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

 

MCQ Source – 22th September 2018,The Hindu Newspaper  Page-7-Topic- Ravaged by a caterpillar

 

 

Ans-D

Exp

  • There are at least three species of armyworm which attack rice in Asia. These are therice swarming caterpillar, common cutworm, and the rice ear-cutting caterpillar.
  • A single armyworm egg mass contains hundreds of eggs. Each female lays 800−1000 eggs during its lifetime of about one week.

What it does?

  • Armyworm feeds on rice by cutting off leaves and young seedlings at the plant’s base. They can also cut off rice panicles from base.

Why and where it occurs

  • Adult armyworms survive better and produce more eggs when the temperature is at 15°C maximum, and when plants are naturally fertilized. Periods of drought followed by heavy rains, and the presence of alternate hosts also sustain the development of armyworms.

Armyworms are nocturnal.

  • The larvae usually feed in the upper portion of the rice canopy on cloudy days or at night; while the adult feeds, mates, and migrates at night and rests in daytime at the base of the plant.
  • In dryland fields, armyworm pupa can be found in the soil or at the base of the rice plants. In wetlands, they pupate on the plants or on grassy areas along the field borders.

How to identify

  • Armyworms feed on leaf tips and along leaf margins. When they eat whole leaves, they can remove them completely or leave only the midribs.
  • Armyworm damage can be mistaken for cutworm feeding. The characteristic form of armyworm damage is leaf removal. To confirm, check for the presence of the insect and its egg mass.

 

 

Q-2 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-CBI is non constitutional but statutory body.

1-सीबीआई गैर संवैधानिक लेकिन सांविधिक निकाय है।

2-Its Motto is Industry, Impartiality, Integrity

इसका आदर्श उद्योग, निष्पक्षता, ईमानदारी है

3- It derives power to investigate from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946

इसको दिल्ली विशेष पुलिस प्रतिष्ठान अधिनियम, 1946 से जांच करने की शक्ति प्राप्त है

Choose the correct code

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

 

MCQ Source – 22th September 2018,The Hindu Newspaper Page-2 Topic –CBI registers FIRs in illegal admissions case

 

Ans-D

Exp-

 

  • CBI is the foremost investigative police agency in India.
  • It is non constitutional and non-statutory body.
  • It derives power to investigate from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946
  • It was established in 1941 as the Special Police Establishment.
  • It was renamed to present nomenclature in 1963.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi.
  • Motto: Industry, Impartiality, Integrity.
  • It is headed by Director, an IPS officer of DGP rank.
  • He is selected as per the provisions of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) Act, 2003
  • The CBI Director is selected by a collegium comprising Prime Minister, Chief Justice of India and Leader of Opposition or leader of the largest party in opposition in Lok Sabha

 

 

Q-3 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) unveiled details of its first indigenous human space mission dubbed as Gaganyaan to be launched in 2022.

इंडियन स्पेस रिसर्च ऑर्गनाइजेशन (इसरो) ने अपने पहले स्वदेशी मानव अंतरिक्ष मिशन के विवरण का अनावरण किया, जिसे 2022 में गगनयान के रूप में लॉन्च किया गया था।

2-Under it, three Indian astronauts (Gaganyatris) will be taken to space on board Gaganyaan spacecraft by 2022.

इसके तहत, 2022 तक तीन भारतीय अंतरिक्ष यात्री (गगन्यात्रिस) को गगनयान अंतरिक्ष यान पर अंतरिक्ष में ले जाया जाएगा।

3-This will be the first human space mission to be indigenously developed by ISRO.

यह इसरो द्वारा स्वदेशी विकसित होने वाला पहला मानव अंतरिक्ष मिशन होगा।

4-If successful, India will become Fifth nation in the world to send astronaut into space after US, Russia ,China and Europe.

यदि सफल हो, तो भारत अमेरिका, रूस, चीन और यूरोप के बाद अंतरिक्ष में अंतरिक्ष यात्री भेजने के लिए दुनिया का पांचवां राष्ट्र बन जाएगा

Choose the correct code

A-1,2,3

B-2,3,4

C-1,3,4

D-all of the above

 

 

MCQ Source – 22th September 2018,The Hindu Newspaper page-5 Topic – ISRO setting up launch pad for Gaganyaan mission

Ans-A

Exp-

  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) unveiled details of its first indigenous human space mission dubbed as Gaganyaan to be launched in 2022.
  • The mission was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his 72nd Independence Day speech. Under it, three Indian astronauts (Gaganyatris) will be taken to space on board Gaganyaan spacecraft by 2022.
  • This will be the first human space mission to be indigenously developed by ISRO. If successful, India will become fourth nation in the world to send astronaut into space after US, Russia and China.
  • Former Indian Air Force (IAF) Rakesh Sharma was first Indian to travel to space. He was part of the Soviet Union’s Soyuz T-11 expedition, launched on April 2, 1984, of the Intercosmos programme.
  • Objectives of Gaganyaan Mission: Enhance of science and technology levels in the country, serve as national project involving several institutes, academia and industry, improve of industrial growth, inspire youth, develop technology for social benefits and improve international collaboration.

Key Features of Mission

  • The entire cost of Gaganyaan mission will be less than Rs 10,000 crore. It will be totally indigenous, very cost-effective mission by Indian standards which is not viable from international standards.
  • Prior to actual launch of this manned mission by 2022, ISRO will launch  two unmanned Gaganyaan missions (first in 30 months’ time and then 36 months).

Launch Phase: 

  • GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle will be used to launch Gaganyaan as it has necessary payload capability for this mission.
  • The spacecraft will comprise of crew module and service module that constitute orbital.
  • It weighs approximately 7 tonnes and will be placed in low earth orbit (LEO) of 300-400 km.
  • Crew module’s size will be 3.7 meters and of service module will be 7 meters.

Orbital Phase: 

  • The mission will send three-member crew to space for period of five to seven days.
  • The launch vehicle will take off from spaceport of Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh and it will reach desired orbit in 16 minutes.
  • The crew will be selected by Indian Air Force (IAF) and ISRO jointly after which they will undergo training for two-three years.
  • It will conduct microgravity experiment during the mission.

 

 

 

Q-4Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-Child Adoption Regulatory Authority (CARA) is statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development

बाल गोद नियामक प्राधिकरण (सीएआरए) महिला एवं बाल विकास मंत्रालय का सांविधिक निकाय है

2-It is established under Juvenile Justice Act, 2016.

यह किशोर न्याय अधिनियम, 2016 के तहत स्थापित किया गया था।

3-It is a nodal body for adoption of Indian children.

यह भारतीय बच्चों को गोद लेने के लिए एक नोडल बॉडी है।

4- It deals in orphan, abandoned or surrendered children.

यह अनाथ, त्याग या आत्मसमर्पण बच्चों को गोद लेता है

 

Choose the correct code

A-1,2,3

B-2.3,4

C-1,2,4

D-1,3,4

 

MCQ Source – 22th September 2018,The Hindu Newspaper  Page-5  Topic-Ban on adoption by Live in partners lifted

 

Ans-D

 

  Exp-

  • Child Adoption Regulatory Authority (CARA) is statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development
  • It is established under Juvenile Justice Act, 2015.
  • It is a nodal body for adoption of Indian children.
  • It is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions.
  • It deals in orphan, abandoned or surrendered children.
  • It deals with inter-country adoptions according to Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993 ratified by India in 2003.
  • Why important? CARA launched monthly Jan Sampark program to enable public to interact with its officials to obtain information related to child adoption.

 

 

 

 

Q-5 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-Central Vigilance Commission is the apex vigilance institution.

केन्द्रीय सतर्कता आयोग शीर्ष सतर्कता संस्थान है।

2-It was created via executive resolution (based on the recommendations of Santhanam committee) in 1984 but was conferred with statutory status in 2003.

यह 1984 में कार्यकारी संकल्प (संथन समिति की सिफारिशों के आधार पर) के माध्यम से बनाया गया था लेकिन 2003 में सांविधिक स्थिति से सम्मानित किया गया था।

3-Central Vigilance Commission  chief  term is 4 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier

केन्द्रीय सतर्कता आयोग का मुख्य कार्यकाल 4 वर्ष या 65 वर्ष है, जो भी पहले हो

 

Choose the correct code

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

 

 

MCQ Source – 22th September 2018,The Hindu Newspaper  Page-9 CVC seeks CBI files on its Special Director’s plaint

 

 

Ans-B

Exp-

  • Central Vigilance Commission is the apex vigilance institution.
  • It was created via executive resolution(based on the recommendations of Santhanam committee) in 1964 but was conferred with statutory status in 2003.
  • It has status of statutory autonomous body and free of control from any executive authority as per the provisions of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) Act, 2003.
  • Presently, the body consists of central vigilance commissioner along with 2 vigilance commissioners.
  • They are appointed by the President of India on the recommendations of a committee consisting of Prime Minister, Union Home Minister and Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha (if there is no LoP then the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha).
  • Their term is 4 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier.
  • It submits its report to the President of India.
  • The Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner can be removed from his office only by order of the President on the ground of proved mis behavior or incapacity after the Supreme Court, on a reference made to it by the President, has, on inquiry, reported that the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner, as the case may be, ought to be removed.
  • CVC is advisory body

 

Q-6 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-Tanzania  located in Central Africa

तंजानिया मध्य अफ्रीका में स्थित है

2-Tanzania share borders with Kenya,Uganda,Rwanda, Burundi only

तंजानिया केवल केन्या, युगांडा, रवांडा, बुरुंडी के साथ सीमा  साझा  करता है

 

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

 

 

MCQ Source – 22th September 2018,The Hindu Newspaper

Page-10 topic-136 dead as ferry sinks in Tanzania

 

Ans-D

 

Exp

  • Tanzania  located in East Africa.
  • Tanzania borders Kenya and Uganda on the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique on the south.