DESIREIAS QUIZ

22th November 2018 : Daily MCQ Based on Current affairs ( Answers)

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22th November 2018 Daily MCQ Based on Current affairs ( Answers)

Q-Consider the Following statements regarding Sikh Gurus

1-Guru Nanak Dev, first of the 10 gurus, founded the Sikh faith, introducing the concept of one God.
2-Guru Nanak Dev was the contemporary of Mughal emperor – Babur.
3-Guru Amardas Sahib, second of the 10 gurus, invented and introduced the Gurmukhi (written form of Punjabi) script.
4-Guru Amardas Sahib compiled the writings of Nanak Dev in Guru Granth Sahib in Gurmukhi Script

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 1,4
C- Only 2,3
D- Only 1,3

MCQ Source – 21th November, PIB News Analysis ,Topic -Cabinet approves Commemoration of the 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Devji

Ans-A

Exp-

Sikh Gurus

  • The era of the ten gurus of Sikhism spans from the birth of Nanak Dev in 1469, through the life of Guru Gobind Singh.
  • At the time of Guru Gobind Singh’s death in 1708, he passed the title of Guru to the Sikh scripture, Guru Granth.
  1. Guru Nanak Dev – Guru from 1469 to 1539
  • Guru Nanak Dev, first of the 10 gurus, founded the Sikh faith, introducing the concept of one God.
  • He started the institution of Guru Ka Langar. Langar is the term in the Sikh religion refers to the common kitchen where food is served to everyone without any discrimination.
  • He emphasized the equality of women and rejected the path of renunciation and he rejected the authority of the Vedas.
  • He was the contemporary of Mughal emperor – Babur.
  1. Guru Angad Dev – Guru from 1539 to 1552
  • Guru Angad Dev, second of the 10 gurus, invented and introduced the Gurmukhi (written form of Punjabi) script.
  • He compiled the writings of Nanak Dev in Guru Granth Sahib in Gurmukhi Script.
  • Popularized and expanded the institution of Guru ka Langar which was started by Guru Nanak Dev.
  1. Guru Amardas Sahib – Guru from 1552 to 1574
  • Guru Amardas introduced the Anand Karaj marriage ceremony for the Sikhs, replacing the Hindu form.
  • He established Manji & Piri system of religious missions for men and women respectively.
  • He strengthened the tradition of Guru Ka Langar.
  • He also completely abolished amongst the Sikhs, the custom of Sati and purdah system.
  • He was the contemporary of Mughal emperor – Akbar.
  1. Guru Ram Das – Guru from 1574 to 1581
  • Guru Ram Das, fourth of the 10 gurus, founded the city of Amritsar.
  • He started the construction of the famous Golden Temple at Amritsar, the holy city of the Sikhs.
  • He requested the Muslim Sufi, Mian Mir to lay the cornerstone of the Harmandir Sahib.
  1. Guru Arjan Dev – Guru from 1581 to 1606
  • He compiled the Adi Granth, the scriptures of the Sikhs.
  • He completed construction of Sri Darbar Sahib also known as Golden Temple in Amritsar.
  • He founded the town of Tarn Taran Sahib near Goindwal Sahib.
  • He became the first great martyr in Sikh history when Emperor Jahangir ordered his execution. Thus, he was hailed as Shaheedan-de-Sartaj (The crown of martyrs).
  1. Guru Har Gobind Sahib – Guru from 1606 to 1644
  • He was the son of Guru Arjan Dev and was known as a “soldier saint”.
  • He organised a small army and became the first Guru to take up arms to defend the faith.
  • He waged wars against Mughal rulers Jahangir and Shah Jahan.
  1. Guru Har Rai Sahib – Guru from 1644 to 1661
  • Though he was a man of peace, he never disbanded the armed sikh warriors who were earlier maintained by Guru Har Gobind.
  • He gave shelter to Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Mughal Ruler Shah Jahan, who was later persecuted by Aurangazeb.
  • He cautiously avoided conflict with Emperor Aurangzeb and devoted his efforts to missionary work.
  1. Guru Har Krishan Sahib – Guru from 1661 to 1664
  • Guru Har Krishan was the youngest of the Gurus. He was installed as Guru at the age of five.
  • He was contemporary of Aurangazeb and summoned to Delhi by him under framed charges of anti-Islamic blasphemy.
  1. Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib – Guru from 1665 to 1675
  • He established the town of Anandpur.
  • He opposed the forced conversion of the Hindu Kashmiri Pandits by Mughal ruler Aurangazeb and he was consequently persecuted for this.
  1. Guru Gobind Singh Sahib – Guru from 1675 to 1708
  • He became Guru after the martyrdom of his father Guru Tegh Bahadur.
  • He created the Khalsa in 1699, changing the Sikhs into a saint-soldier order for protecting themselves.
  • Last Sikh Guru in human form and he passed the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Guru Granth Sahib.
  1. Guru Granth Sahib
  • Guru Granth Sahib (also known as the Adi Granth) is the scripture of the Sikhs.
  • The Granth was written in Gurmukhi script and it contains the actual words and verses as uttered by the Sikh Gurus.
  • It is considered the Supreme Spiritual Authority and Head of the Sikh religion, rather than any living person.

 

 

Q-Consider the Following statements regarding Sikh Gurus

1-Guru Amardas introduced the Anand Karaj marriage ceremony for the Sikhs, replacing the Hindu form
2-He also completely abolished amongst the Sikhs, the custom of Sati and purdah system.
3-He was the contemporary of Mughal emperor – Babur

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 1,3
C- Only 2,3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – 21th November ,PIB News Analysis ,Topic -Cabinet approves Commemoration of the 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Devji

 

Ans-A

Exp- Check Above explanation

 

Q-Consider the Following statements regarding Sikh Gurus

1-Guru Ram Das, fourth of the 10 gurus, founded the city of Amritsar.
2-Guru Arjan Dev compiled the Adi Granth, the scriptures of the Sikhs.
3-Guru Arjan Dev completed construction of Sri Darbar Sahib also known as Golden Temple in Amritsar
4-Guru Har Gobind Sahib organised a small army and became the first Guru to take up arms to defend the faith.
5-Guru Har Gobind Sahib waged wars against Mughal rulers Jahangir and Shah Jahan.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2,4,5
B- Only 1,3,4.5
C- Only 4,5
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – 21th November ,PIB News Analysis ,Topic -Cabinet approves Commemoration of the 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Devji

Ans-D

Exp- Check Above explanation

 

 

Q-Consider the Following statements regarding Sikh Gurus

1- Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib was the youngest of the Gurus. He was installed as Guru at the age of five.
2- Guru Har Krishan was opposed the forced conversion of the Hindu Kashmiri Pandits by Mughal ruler Aurangazeb and he was consequently persecuted for this.
3-Guru Granth Sahib (also known as the Adi Granth) is the scripture of the Sikhs.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 1,3
C- Only 3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – 21th November ,PIB News Analysis ,Topic -Cabinet approves Commemoration of the 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Devji

Ans-C

Exp- Check Above explanation

 

 

Q-Chronologically arrange the following Sikh Gurus

I-Guru Ram Das
II -Guru Arjun Dev
III-Guru Hargobind
IV- Guru Har Rai
Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A-I, II, III, IV
B-III, II, IV, I
C-II, I, III, IV
D-I, III, II, IV

MCQ Source – 21th November ,PIB News Analysis ,Topic -Cabinet approves Commemoration of the 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Devji

Ans-D

Exp- Check Above explanation

 

 

 

Q-Consider the Following statements

1-Recently Asia Environment Enforcement Awards, 2018 awarded to Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB)
2-It has given by Asian Development Bank
3-The awards recognize excellence in enforcement by government officials and institutions/teams combating transboundary environmental crime, such as illegal trade in wildlife, chemicals or waste, in Asia.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 1
C- Only 1,3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – 21th November ,PIB News Analysis ,Topic -India gets Environment award for combating environmental crime

 

Ans-C

Exp-

  • Recently United Nation Environment has awarded Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB), gave Asia Environment Enforcement Awards, 2018 for excellent work
  • United Nation Environment has awarded Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB), Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India with Asia Environment Enforcement Awards, 2018 for excellent work done by the Bureau in combating transboundary environmental crime.
  • UN Environment and partners are seeking nominations for the third iteration of the Asia Environmental Enforcement Awards. The awards recognize excellence in enforcement by government officials and institutions/teams combating transboundary environmental crime, such as illegal trade in wildlife, chemicals or waste, in Asia.
  • This is the third time the Awards will be given, and this year’s Awards will be given to recipients who demonstrate excellence and leadership in one or more of the following four eligibility criteria areas: collaboration; impact; innovation; and integrity.  For the first time, there will also be a separate award for gender leadership. The 2018 Awards are presented by UN Environment in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, INTERPOL, USAID, Freeland Foundation, and the Government of Sweden. Financing for the Awards is being supported by different partners, including generous support from the Government of Norway.

 

Q-Consider the Following statements regarding Jute Packaging Material (JPM) Act

1-Recently Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, has given its approval to expand the scope of mandatory packaging norms under the Jute Packaging Material (JPM) Act, 1987
2-The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved that 100% of the food grains and 20% of the sugar shall be mandatorily packed in diversified jute bags.
3-Initially 10% of the indents of jute bags for packing foodgrains would be placed through reverse auction on the Gem portal. This will gradually usher in a regime of price discovery.
4-With a view to promoting transparency in jute sector, Jute SMART, an e-govt initiative was launched in 2016, providing an integrated platform for procurement of B-Twill sacking by Government agencies.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2,3
B- Only 2,3,4
C- Only 1,3,4
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – 21th November ,PIB News Analysis ,Topic-Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA)

Ans-D

Exp-

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to expand the scope of mandatory packaging norms under the Jute Packaging Material (JPM) Act, 1987 as follows:

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved that 100% of the food grains and 20% of the sugar shall be mandatorily packed in diversified jute bags.
  • Initially 10% of the indents of jute bags for packing foodgrains would be placed through reverse auction on the Gem portal. This will gradually usher in a regime of price discovery.
  • With a view to promoting transparency in jute sector, Jute SMART, an e-govt initiative was launched in 2016, providing an integrated platform for procurement of B-Twill sacking by Government agencies
  • The decision to pack sugar in diversified jute bags will give an impetus to the diversification of the jute industry.
  • Initially 10% of the indents of jute bags for packing foodgrains would be placed through reverse auction on the Gem portal. This will gradually usher in a regime of price discovery.

Impact:

  • The decision will give a fillip to the development of jute sector; increasing the quality and productivity of raw jute, diversification of jute sector and also boosting and sustaining demand for jute product.
  • This is important considering the fact that nearly 3.7 lakh workers and several lakh farm families are dependent for their livelihood on the jute sectors, the government has been making concerted efforts.
  • The jute industry is predominantly dependent on Government sector which purchases jute bags of value of more than Rs. 6,500 crore every year for packing foodgrains. This is done in order to sustain the core demand for the jute sector and to support the livelihood of the workers and farmers dependent on the sector.
  • The decision will benefit farmers and workers located in the Eastern and North Eastern regions of the country particularly in the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Meghalaya and Tripura.

Measures by the Government to support the Jute Sector:

  • In order to improve the productivity and quality of raw jute through a carefully designed intervention, called the Jute ICARE, the Government has been supporting close to one lakh jute farmers by disseminating improved agronomic practices such as line sowing using seed drills, weed management by using wheel-hoeing and nail-weeders, distribution of quality certified seeds and also providing microbial assisted retting. These interventions have resulted in enhancing the quality and productivity of raw jute and increasing income of jute farmers by Rs. 10,000 per hectare.
  • In this connection, to support jute farmers, Jute Corporation of India (JCI) has been given a grant of Rs. 100 crore for 2 years starting from 2018-19 to enable JCI to conduct MSP operations and ensure price stabilization in the jute sector.
  • With a view to support diversification of jute sector, the National Jute Board has collaborated with National Institute of Design and a Jute Design Cell has been opened at Gandhinagar. Further, promotion of Jute Geo Textiles and Agro-Textiles has been taken up with the State Governments particularly those in the North Eastern region and also with departments such as Ministry of Road Transport and Ministry of Water Resources.
  • With a view to boost demand in the jute sector, Government of India has imposed Definitive Anti-Dumping Duty on import of jute goods from Bangladesh and Nepal with effect from 5th January, 2017. As a result of these measures, 13 Twine mills in Andhra Pradesh had resumed operation, benefitting 20,000 workers. Further, imposition of Definitive Anti-Dumping Duty has provided scope for an additional demand of 2 lakh MT of jute goods in the domestic market for the Indian jute industry.
  • With a view to promoting transparency in jute sector, Jute SMART, an e-govt initiative was launched in December, 2016, providing an integrated platform for procurement of B-Twill sacking by Government agencies. Further, the JCI is transferring 100% funds to jute farmers online for jute procurement under MSP and commercial operations.