DESIREIAS QUIZ

21th September Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC – Based on The HINDU Newspaper

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21th September Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC – Based on The HINDU Newspaper

Q-1 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
1-South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union in South Asia.
दक्षिण एशियाई क्षेत्रीय सहयोग संघ (सार्क) क्षेत्रीय अंतर सरकारी संगठन और दक्षिण एशिया में भू-राजनीतिक संघ है।
2-It was Founded in Dhaka in 1985
यह 1985 में ढाका में स्थापित किया गया था
3-Myanmar and China are not its members
म्यांमार और चीन इसके सदस्य नहीं हैं

Choose the correct code
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

Ans-D
Exp

•SAARC stands for South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
•It is regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union in South Asia.
•Founded in Dhaka in 1985
•Secretariat : Kathmandu
•8 Members:
•Afghanistan (Joined in 2007)
•Bhutan
•Bangladesh
•India
•Pakistan
•Nepal
•Sri Lanka
•Maldives
•Myanmar and China are not its members
•Nine observer states: Australia, China, European Union, Japan, Iran, Mauritius, Myanmar, South Korea, and United States.
•SAARC compromises 3% of the world’s area, 21% of the world’s population and 9.12% of the global economy
•The organization promotes development economics and regional integration
•SAFTA : South Asia Free Trade Agreement was launched in 2006

MCQ Source The HINDU Newspaper 21th September 2018 Topic FRONT PAGE – Sushma to meet Pakistan’s Foreign Minister in New York

Q-2 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-The University Grants Commission is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union government in accordance to the UGC Act 1956
विश्वविद्यालय अनुदान आयोग भारतीय संघ सरकार द्वारा यूजीसी अधिनियम 1956 के अनुसार स्थापित एक वैधानिक निकाय है
2- It only provides recognition to universities in India, and disbursements of funds to such recognised universities and colleges
यह केवल भारत में विश्वविद्यालयों को मान्यता प्रदान करता है,और ऐसे मान्यता प्राप्त विश्वविद्यालयों और कॉलेजों को धनराशि का वितरण करता है

Choose the correct code
A- only 1
B- only 2
C- both are correct
D- none of the above
ans-C

Exp

•The University Grants Commission is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union government in accordance to the UGC Act 1956 and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education.
•It provides recognition to universities in India, and disbursements of funds to such recognised universities and colleges. Its headquarters is in New Delhi, and has six regional centres in Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Guwahati and Bangalore

MCQ Source The HINDU Newspaper 21th September 2018 Topic FRONT PAGE – Varsities to observe ‘Surgical Strike Day’ on September 29

Q-3 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary
1-Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary (also popularly known as Kulik Bird Sanctuary) is situated near Raiganj in West Bengal.
रायगंज वन्यजीव अभयारण्य (जिसे कुलिक पक्षी अभयारण्य भी कहा जाता है) पश्चिम बंगाल के रायगंज के पास स्थित है।
2- It is largest bird sanctuary in Asia
यह एशिया में सबसे बड़ा पक्षी अभयारण्य है
Choose the correct code
A- only 1
B- only 2
C- both are correct
D- none of the above

ANS-B
Exp-
It is claimed by some to be the largest bird sanctuary in Asia. However, there are other claimants to that distinction, such as Harike Pattan sanctuary, spread over 93 square miles (240 km2), in Tarn Taran district of Punjab. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, now known as Keoladeo National Park is considered the largest in Asia.

MCQ Source The HINDU Newspaper 21th September 2018 Topic Page-7 topic Nearly one lakh winged visitors arrive at Bengal sanctuary

Q-4 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
Some times often seen Numaligarh Refinery in news ? where is it ?
कुछ बार न्यूमलीगढ़ रिफाइनरी को खबरों में अक्सर देखा जाता है? वह कहां है ?
A-West Bengal
B- Odisha
C-Assan
D-Gujarat

Ans-C
Exp-

•The Numaligarh Refinery is located at Morangi, Golaghat district, Assam in India is a refinery owned by Numaligarh Refinery Limited, a joint venture between Bharat Petroleum (61.65%), Oil India (26%) and Govt of Assam (12.35%)

•It has a capacity of 3 million metric tonnes per year

MCQ Source The HINDU Newspaper 21th September 2018 Topic Page- topic- BPCL awaits Centre’s nod for Numaligarh refinery expansion

Q-5 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
1- A carbon tax directly sets a price on carbon by defining a tax rate on greenhouse gas emissions or – more commonly- on the carbon content of fossil fuels
कार्बन कर सीधे ग्रीन हाउस गैस उत्सर्जन पर कर दर को परिभाषित करके कार्बन पर कीमत निर्धारित करता है – या अधिक सामान्यतः – जीवाश्म ईंधन की कार्बन सामग्री पर लगाया जाता है
2-Emissions trading systems – sometimes referred to as a cap-and-trade system – caps the total level of greenhouse gas emissions and allows those industries with low emissions to sell their extra allowances to larger emitters.
उत्सर्जन व्यापार प्रणालियों – कभी-कभी कैप-एंड-ट्रेड सिस्टम के रूप में जाना जाता है – ग्रीनहाउस गैस उत्सर्जन के कुल स्तर को कैप्स करता है और उन उद्योगों को कम उत्सर्जन के साथ अपने अतिरिक्त भत्ते को बड़े उत्सर्जकों को बेचने की अनुमति देता है।

Choose the correct code
A- only 1
B- only 2
C- both are correct
D- none of the above
Ans-C
Exp-
•There are two main types of carbon pricing: emissions trading systems (ETS) and carbon taxes.
•An ETS – sometimes referred to as a cap-and-trade system – caps the total level of greenhouse gas emissions and allows those industries with low emissions to sell their extra allowances to larger emitters. By creating supply and demand for emissions allowances, an ETS establishes a market price for greenhouse gas emissions. The cap helps ensure that the required emission reductions will take place to keep the emitters (in aggregate) within their pre-allocated carbon budget.
•A carbon tax directly sets a price on carbon by defining a tax rate on greenhouse gas emissions or – more commonly – on the carbon content of fossil fuels. It is different from an ETS in that the emission reduction outcome of a carbon tax is not pre-defined but the carbon price is.
•There are also more indirect ways of more accurately pricing carbon, such as through fuel taxes, the removal of fossil fuel subsidies, and regulations that may incorporate a social cost of carbon.

MCQ Source The HINDU Newspaper 21th September 2018 Topic Page-18 topic- Carbon taxes key in climate fight’

Q-6 Consider the following statements
निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-The Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau (AAIB) is a division of the Ministry of Civil Aviation
विमान दुर्घटना जांच ब्यूरो (एएआईबी) नागरिक उड्डयन मंत्रालय का एक प्रभाग है
2-It investigates aircraft accidents and incidents in India.
यह भारत में विमान दुर्घटनाओं और घटनाओं की जांच करता है।
3-The agency was established in 2012.
एजेंसी 2012 में स्थापित किया गया था।
Choose the correct code
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above
Ans-A
•Exp-
•The Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau (AAIB) is a division of the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India which investigates aircraft accidents and incidents in India.
•Earlier, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) conducted investigations and gave information to the investigations established by the Court of Inquiry and the Committee Inquiry.
•A separate investigative agency was established to comply with the Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).
•The agency was established in 2011.
•The Aircraft (Investigation of Accidents and Incidents) Rules, 2012 came into effect on 5 July 2012.
•It provides for setting up of an Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau.

MCQ Source The HINDU Newspaper 21th September 2018 Page-11 Topic- We were feeling suffocated, says passenger

 

(Team DESIRE IAS)