DESIREIAS QUIZ

20th November 2018 Daily MCQ Based on Current Affair (Answers)

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20th November 2018 Daily MCQ Based on Current Affair (Answers)

 

 

Who wrote Radio Kashmir – In Times of Peace & War’?
A- Dr Rajesh Bhat
B- Dr Rakesh Bhat
C- Dr Rajnish Bhat
D- None of Above

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis Topic-Dr Jitendra Singh releases book ‘Radio Kashmir – In Times of Peace & War’

Ans-A

Its a Fact .. so please keep in your mind ( Because .. Kashmir is always a hot topic for UPSC)

 

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements

1-The Right to Education Act in 2009 made it mandatory for local authorities to admit migrant children
2-Inter State migration rates have doubled between 2001 and 2011.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

Ans-C

Exp-

some more information 

  • UNESCO report says that 80% of seasonal migrant children in seven cities lacked access to education and 40% were likely to end up in work
  • About 28% of youth aged 15 to 19 in these households were illiterate or had not completed primary school,
  • Inter State migration rates have doubled between 2001 and 2011.
  • “The Right to Education Act in 2009 made it mandatory for local authorities to admit migrant children
  • The report shows there is only one urban planner for every 1,00,000 people in India,while there are 38 for every 1, 00,000 in the United Kingdom.

MCQ Source- The Hindu Newspaper, 20 November 2018,Page-7 Topic- Literacy levels in rural India suffer from migration of families- ( Analysis with 360 Degree Past to Present)

 

 

Q-Who won 2018 UNESCO Asia-Pacific award for Cultural Heritage conservation

A-Ladakh ( J & K)
B-Darjeeling ( W.Bengal)
C- Keibul Lamjao ( Manipur)
D-None of Above

Ans-A

Exp-

  • The restoration of an aristocratic house project from partial ruin state in Ladakh undertaken by LAMO (Ladakh Arts and Media Organisation) Center has won 2018 UNESCO Asia-Pacific award for Cultural Heritage conservation in Award of Distinction category.
  • LAMO is public charitable trust established to articulate an alternative vision for the arts and media in Ladakh.

Key Facts

  • The restored structure is strategically located at the foot of Leh palace, contributes to continuity of historic townscape of 17th century.  Its recovery establishes precedent for conserving non-monumental urban fabric of Leh Old Town.
  • Under restoration project, LAMO had used salvaged and local building materials and indigenous construction techniques and skillfully introduced modern amenities to assure its ongoing use.

MCQ Source- https://bangkok.unesco.org/content/winners-announced-2018-unesco-asia-pacific-awards-cultural-heritage-conservation

 

 

Q-Consider the Following statements

1-As per WHO database released in May 2018, India has 14 out of 15 world’s most polluted cities in terms of PM 2.5 concentration.
2-Natural Gas (as CNG) is cheaper by 60% as compared with petrol
3- India made a commitment in COP21 Paris Convention in December 2015 that by 2030, it would reduce carbon emission by 33% of 2005 levels.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 1
C- Only 3
D- All of the Above

Ans-D

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis,Topic-Hon’ble Prime Minister to lay Foundation Stones of City Gas Distribution (CGD) Projects in 65 Geographical Areas (GAs) in 129 Districts under the 9th CGD Bidding Round

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding COP24

1-COP24 is the informal name for the 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
2-The UNFCCC is a “Rio Convention”, one of three adopted at the “Rio Earth Summit” in 1992.
3-COP24 will take place in December 2018, in Katowice, Poland.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 2,3
C- Only 1,3
D- All of the Above

Ans-D

Exp-

  • The UNFCCC entered into force on 21 March 1994. Today, it has near-universal membership. The countries that have ratified the Convention are called Parties to the Convention. Preventing “dangerous” human interference with the climate system is the ultimate aim of the UNFCCC. 
  • The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the supreme body of the UNFCCC Convention. It consists of the representatives of the Parties to the Convention. It holds its sessions every year. The COP takes decisions which are necessary to ensure the effective implementation of the provisions of the Convention and regularly reviews the implementation of these provisions.
  • In accordance with a decision of the 22nd Session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention (COP22) in Marrakesh in November 2016, the successive climate summit will be held in Poland. Poland was selected to host this event within the framework of the Eastern European Group (EEG).
  • Poland will hold the Presidency of the Climate Convention for the third time.
  • COP24 will take place from 3-14 December 2018, in Katowice, Poland

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis,Topic-Address of Union Environment Minister at BASIC ministerial meet in New Delhi.

 

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)

1-The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is a government regulatory agency that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs in India
2-It was formed in 2005.
3-The NPPA regularly publishes lists of medicines and their maximum ceiling prices.
4- National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) under Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2,3
B- Only 2,3,4
C- Only 1,3,4
D- Only 1,3

Ans-C

Exp-

It was formed in 1997

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis ,Topic-Patients save around Rs. 15,000 crores under Government’s initiative of ensuring ‘Affordable, Quality Medicines for All

 

 

Q-Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called Bhumisparsha Mudra. It symbolizes

A-Buddha’s calling of the Earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation
B-Buddha’s calling fo the Earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara
C-Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the Earth and finally dissolve into the Earth, and thus this life is transitory
D-Both the statements (a) and (b) are correct in this context

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis ,Address by the President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind at the National Assembly of Vietnam

Ans-B

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding the causes of the origin of Jainism and Buddhism

1-The Brahmanas demanded several privileges in the society, including those of receiving gifts and exemption from taxation and punishments.
2-The Vaisyas were engaged in agriculture, cattle-rearing and trade and also the principal taxpayers in the society.

Select the correct answer using the code given below
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis ,Address by the President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind at the National Assembly of Vietnam

Ans-C

Exp-

  • In post-Vedic times society was clearly divided into four varnas Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras. Each varna was assigned well-defined functions, although it was emphasised that varna was based, on birth and the two higher varnas were given some privileges
  • The Brahmanas, who were given the functions of priests and teachers, claimed the highest status in society. They demanded several privileges, including those of receiving gifts and exemption from taxation and punishments, In post-Vedic texts, we have many in stances of such privileges enjoyed by them.
  • The kshatriyas- ranked second in the varna hierarchy. They fought and governed and lived on the taxes collected from the peasants. The Vaisyas were engaged in agriculture, cattle-rearing and trade. They appear as the principal taxpayer.
  • However, along with the two higher varnas, they were placed in the category of dvija or the twice-born. A dvija was entitled to wearing sacred thread and studying the Vedas from which the Sudras were kept out The Sudras were meant for serving the three higher varnas, and; along with women were barred, from taking to Vedic studies. They appear as domestic slaves, agricultural slaves, craftsmen and hired labourers in post-Vedic times.
  • They were called cruel, greedy and thieving in habits and some of them were treated as untouchables. The higher the varna the more privileged and purer a person was. The lower the varna of an offender, the more severe was the punishment prescribed for him.

 

 

Q-Which of the following statements is correct regarding Vardhamana Mahavira?

A-Vardhamana Mahavira was born in 540 B.C in a village near Vaishali, which is identical with Basarh in the district of Vaishali m north Bihar.

B-His father was the head of a famous kshatriya clan, and his mother a Lichchhavi princess.

C-He propagated his religion for 80 years, and his mission took him to Kosala, Magadha, Mithila, Champa, Nepal etc.

D-He passed away at the age of 72 in 468 B C at a place called Pavapun near modern Rajgir.

Ans-B

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis ,Address by the President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind at the National Assembly of Vietnam

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding urban poor

1-The urban poor are largely those who could not compete with fast urban growth and did not have supportive health.
2-The rural poor who had migrated to urban areas in search of alternative employment and livelihood have largely been absorbed by industrialization.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- The Hindu Newspaper, 20 November 2018,Page-7 Topic- Literacy levels in rural India suffer from migration of families- ( Analysis with 360 Degree Past to Present)

Ans-D
Exp

  •  The urban poor are largely the overflow of the rural poor who had migrated to urban areas in search of alternative employment and livelihood.
  •  Industrialisation has not been able to absorb all these people. 

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements regarding about DadabhaiNaoroji

  1. In pre-independent India, DadabhaiNaoroji was the first to discuss the concept of a Poverty Line.
  2. He used the menu for a prisoner and used appropriate prevailing prices to arrive at what may be called ‘jail cost of living’.
  3. His estimation was not very accurate as he ignored the fact that there are only adults in jail and not children.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 2,3
C- Only 1,3
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source- The Hindu Newspaper, 20 November 2018,Page-7 Topic- Literacy levels in rural India suffer from migration of families- ( Analysis with 360 Degree Past to Present)

Ans-A

Exp-

Only adults stay in jail whereas, in an actual society, there are children too. He, therefore, appropriately adjusted this cost of living to arrive at the poverty line.

 

 

Q-Consider the following statements

1-As per WHO database released in May 2018, India has 14 out of 15 world’s most polluted cities in terms of PM 2.5 concentration.
2-Natural Gas (as CNG) is cheaper by 60% as compared with petrol
3- India made a commitment in COP21 Paris Convention in December 2015 that by 2030, it would reduce carbon emission by 33% of 2005 levels.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.
A- Only 1,2
B- Only 1
C- Only 3
D- All of the Above

Ans-D

Exp-

  • Natural gas is a superior fuel as compared with coal and other liquid fuels being an environment friendly, safer and cheaper fuel.
  • Natural Gas is supplied through pipelines just like one gets water from the tap. There is no need to store cylinders in the kitchen and thus saves space.
  • As per WHO database released in May 2018, India has 14 out of 15 world’s most polluted cities in terms of PM 2.5 concentration. Large number of industries also consume polluting fuels like pet coke and furnace oil which emit polluting CO2. Some of the courts recently ordered for banning use of pet coke in states within their jurisdiction.
  • Natural Gas (as CNG) is cheaper by 60% as compared with petrol and 45 % w.r.t. Diesel. Similarly, Natural Gas (as PNG) is cheaper by 40 % as compared with market price LPG and price of PNG almost matches with that of subsidised LPG (based on prices in Delhi).
  • An autorickshaw owner can save Rs. 7000-8000 on his monthly fuel bill by conversion from petrol to CNG. Thus, even on cost front as well, natural gas is preferable to petrol, diesel and LPG.
  • Share of Natural Gas in India’s energy basket is 6.2% as against 23.4% globally. In India – in the state of Gujarat itself, it is 25%. If Gujarat can achieve share of gas consumption more than global average, rest of India can also.
  • India made a commitment in COP21 Paris Convention in December 2015 that by 2030, it would reduce carbon emission by 33% of 2005 levels. Natural gas, as domestic kitchen fuel, as fuel for transport sector as well as a fuel for industries and commercial units, can play a significant role in reducing carbon emission.

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis,Topic-Hon’ble Prime Minister to lay Foundation Stones of City Gas Distribution (CGD) Projects in 65 Geographical Areas (GAs) in 129 Districts under the 9th CGD Bidding Round

 

 

Q-Which of the following statements is correct regarding Vardhamana Mahavira?

A-Vardhamana Mahavira was born in 540 B.C in a village near Vaishali, which is identical with Basarh in the district of Vaishali m north Bihar.

B-His father was the head of a famous kshatriya clan, and his mother a Lichchhavi princess.

C-He propagated his religion for 80 years, and his mission took him to Kosala, Magadha, Mithila, Champa, Nepal etc.

D-He passed away at the age of 72 in 468 B C at a place called Pavapun near modern Rajgir.

MCQ Source- 19th November 2018, PIB News Analysis ,Address by the President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind at the National Assembly of Vietnam

Answer: c

Exp-

  • Vardhamana Mahavira was born in 540 B.C in a village near Vaishali, which is identical with Basarh in the district of Vaishali m north Bihar.
  • His father was the head of a famous Kshatriya clan, and his mother a Lichchhavi princess. They were also connected with the royal family o fMagadha.
  • High connections made it easy for Mahavira to approach princes and nobles in the course of his mission.
  • In the beginning Mahavira led the life of a householder, but in the search for truth he abandoned the world at the age of 30 and became an ascetic H
  • e kept on wandering for 12 years from place to place He would not stay for more than a day in a village and for more than five days in a town.
  • During the course of his long journey, it is said, he never changed his clothes for, 12 years, and abandoned them altogether when he attained perfect knowledge or kaivalya at the age of 42.
  • Through kaivalya he conquered misery and happiness Because of this conquest he is known as Mahavira or the great hero or jina, i.e. the conqueror, and his followers are known as Jainas.
  • He propagated his religion for 30 years, and his mission took him to Kosala, Magadha, Mithila, Champa, Nepal etc. He passed away at the age of 72 in 468 B C at a place called Pavapun near modern Rajgir.