DESIREIAS QUIZ

1st November Daily MCQ Based on Current Affairs for UPSC CSE Exam ( Answers)

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1st November Daily MCQ Based on Current Affairs for UPSC CSE Exam Only

Q- 1 Consider the following statements Regarding Green crackers

1-Green crackers are said to be less harmful as compared to the conventional firecrackers.
2-Green crackers do not contain harmful chemicals. It means that less pollution emission resulting in reduced air pollution
3- Idea of green firecrackers is carried forward by a network of Central Drug Research Institute labs

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

MCQ Source -https://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/what-are-green-crackers/1359353/

MCQ Source –1st November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper, Front Page , Topic-Only ‘green’ crackers can be sold in Delhi, says SC

 

Ans-A

Exp-

  • Green crackers are said to be less harmful as compared to the conventional firecrackers.
  • Green crackers do not contain harmful chemicals. It means that less pollution emission resulting in reduced air pollution
  • idea of green firecrackers is carried forward by a network of CSIR labs
  • in the green crackers, the materials which are less harmful and less dangerous to the environment are used.
  • idea of green firecrackers is carried forward by a network of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) labs
  • crackers have been named as Safe Water Releaser (SWAS), Safe Thermite Cracker (STAR) and Safe Minimal Aluminium (SAFAL). According to the researchers, the crackers have the unique property of releasing water vapour and/or air as a dust suppressant and diluent for gaseous emissions that match with the performance in sound with traditional conventional crackers. These crackers are now under the testing stage at the Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation.

 

Q-2 Consider the following statements Regarding World Customs Organization (WCO)

1-World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization
2-Its headquarter in Germany.
3-The WCO maintains the international Harmonized System (HS) goods nomenclature, and administers the technical aspects of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements on Customs Valuation and Rules of Origin

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

MCQ Source- 31st October PIB News analysis http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551342

Ans-B

Exp

  • World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization
  • Its headquarter  in Brussels, Belgium.
  • The WCO is noted for its work in areas covering the development of international conventions, instruments, and tools on topics such as commodity classification, valuation, rules of origin, collection of customs revenue, supply chain security, international trade facilitation, customs enforcement activities, combating counterfeiting in support of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), drugs enforcement, illegal weapons trading, integrity promotion, and delivering sustainable capacity building to assist with customs reforms and modernization.
  • The WCO maintains the international Harmonized System (HS) goods nomenclature, and administers the technical aspects of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements on Customs Valuation and Rules of Origin.
  • By introducing SWIFT, a Customs Single Window, Customs has unified the entire clearance process on a single digital platform.

 

Q-3 Consider the following statements Rafale aircraft

1-Rafale is a single-engine medium multi-role combat aircraft.
2-Rafale can carry out both air-to-ground as well as air-to-air attacks.
3-Present deal as direct government-to-government agreement
4-In Rafale Deal it includes transfer of technology (ToT) component from France to India

Select the Not correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-2,3
C-1,4
D-3,4

MCQ Source –1st November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper, Front Page-Topic-Share non confidential Info on Rafale deal, SC tells govt

Ans-C

  • The current deal has a 50% offset component.
  • Accordingly, Dassault will manufacture items worth 50% of the deal in India.
  • However, the absence of transfer of technology (ToT) component is raised as an issue.
  • Also, no role is guaranteed for any Indian public sector company, including HAL.
  • Deal – The present deal as direct government-to-government agreement, as against the earlier open tender, is criticised.
  • Also, the 36 fighters are said to be purchased at a much higher price than earlier negotiated.

 

Q-4 Consider the following statements

1-Vallabhbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950), popularly known as Sardar Patel, was an Indian politician who served as the first Deputy Prime Minister of India

2- Vallabhbhai Patel was one of the first Congress leaders to accept the partition of India as a solution to the rising Muslim separatist movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

3- Nehru and Patel sparred over national issues. When Nehru asserted control over Kashmir policy, Patel objected to Nehru’s sidelining his home ministry’s officials.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

MCQ Source- 31st October PIB News analysis http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551342

MCQ Source –1st November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper,Page-5 Topic- Towering statue of Patel dedicated to the nation

 

Ans-D

all statements are correct

more information…

  • He acted as de facto Commander-in-chief of the Indian army during the political integration of India and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.
  • He subsequently organised peasants from Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the British Raj, becoming one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat.
  • He is also remembered as the “patron saint of India’s civil servants” for having established the modern all-India servicessystem
  • Patel was the chairman of the committees responsible for minorities, tribal and excluded areas, fundamental rights, and provincial constitutions

 

Q-5 Consider the following statements

1- Patel was honoured by the dedication of a 162 metre statue of him, called the ‘Statue of Unity’. The world’s tallest statue, it was dedicated on the 143rd anniversary of his birthday, at Kevadiya in Narmada District of Gujarat
2- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Foundation is government organization

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- 31st October PIB News analysis http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551342

MCQ Source –1st November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper,Page-5 Topic- Towering statue of Patel dedicated to the nation

Ans-D

Exp-

  • Patel was honoured by the dedication of a 182 metre statue of him, called the ‘Statue of Unity’. The world’s tallest statue, it was dedicated on the 143rd anniversary of his birthday, at Kevadiya in Narmada District of Gujarat
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Foundation is a non-profit non-government organization.
  • It does a variety of work – publishing books and magazines on Patel’s life and work, maintaining public displays and memorials, as well as hosting the annual Sardar Patel Memorial Lectures

 

Q-6 Consider the following statements regarding Ministry of Road Transport & Highways New Notification

1-The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways vide notification has mandated that all new public service vehicles, registered on and after 1st January 2019, will have to be equipped with Vehicle Location Tracking ( VLT )with emergency buttons.
2-This regulation is being brought in to ensure safety of passengers especially women.
3-The State or Union Territories will publish Internet Protocol address (IP address) and Short Message Service Gateway (SMS gateway) details of their respective emergency response system where VLT devices will send the emergency alerts on press of emergency button

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- None of the above
B- Only 1,2
C- Only 2,3
D-All of the above

MCQ Source- 31st October PIB News analysis http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551342

Ans-C

Exp-

  • The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways vide notification dated 25.10.18,  has mandated that all new public service vehicles except auto rickshaws and eRickshaws, registered on and after 1st January 2019, will have to be equipped with  Vehicle Location Tracking ( VLT )with emergency buttons.
  • The VLT device manufacturers would assist in providing the back end services for monitoring. This regulation is being brought in to ensure safety of passengers especially women.
  • In case of older public service vehicles –those registered upto 31″December,2018, the respective State/ UT Governments will notify the date by which these vehicles have to install VehicleLocationTrackingDeviceand Panic Buttons. The Ministry has sent an advisory to the states in this regard.
  • The Ministry has also notified the operational procedure for implementation of VLT cum Emergency buttons. TheStateorUnionTerritoriesare required to ensureexecution of this order andcheck fitment and functional status of the VLT device in the public service vehicles at the time of checking of the vehicles for fitnesscertification.
  • Command and Control Centres will be setup by the State or VLT manufacturers or any other agency authorised by the State Government, and these centreswill provide interface to various stakeholders such as state emergency response centre, the transport department or Regional Transport Offices, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and its designated agencies, device manufacturers and their authorised dealers, testing agencies, permit holders, etc. These centres will also provide feed to the VAHAN data base or the relevant data base of the State with regard to the over speeding, device healthstatus.
  • Command and Control Centres will be setup by the State or VLT manufacturers or any other agency authorised by the State Government, and these centreswill provide interface to various stakeholders such as state emergency response centre, the transport department or Regional Transport Offices, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and its designated agencies, device manufacturers and their authorised dealers, testing agencies, permit holders, etc. These centres will also provide feed to the VAHAN data base or the relevant data base of the State with regard to the over speeding, device healthstatus
  • The State or Union Territories will publish Internet Protocol address (IP address) and Short Message Service Gateway (SMS gateway) details of their respective emergency response system where VLT devices will send the emergency alerts on press of emergency button.

Q-7 Consider the following statements regarding Eight core industries

1-There are eight core sectors comprising of coal, crude oil, natural gas, petroleum refinery products, fertilisers, steel, cement and electricity.
2-The eight infrastructure sectors, constitute approx. 60 % of the total index of industrial production (IIP).
3-Electricity generation is the highest weightage of core industries
4-Cement production is the lowest weightage of core industries

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 4
B- Only 1
C- Only 2,4
D- only 1,3

Ans-B

Exp-

  • Core industries are main or key industries of the economy. In most countries, these particular industry are backbone of all other industries.
  • In India, there are eight core sectors comprising of coal, crude oil, natural gas, petroleum refinery products, fertilisers, steel, cement and electricity.
  • The eight infrastructure sectors, constitute 40.27% (Approx) of the total index of industrial production (IIP).
  • (Approx)Revised weightage in core sectors: Petroleum Refinery production (weight: 28.04%), Electricity generation (19.85%), Steel production (17.92%), Coal production (10.33%), Crude Oil production (8.98%), Natural Gas production (6.88%), Cement production (5.37%), Fertilizers production (2.63%).

MCQ Source- 31st October PIB News analysis http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551342

 

 

Q-8 Consider the following statements regarding Latest Vigilance Awareness Week

1-Vigilance Awareness Week 2018 function organised by the Central Vigilance Commission in Haryana
2-The theme of this year’s Vigilance Awareness Week is ‘Eradicate Corruption – Build a New India’.
3-The Commission has instituted awards for Central Public Sector Enterprises, Public Sector Banks, Ministries/ Departments/Organizations & NGO.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Only 1,3
D-All of the above

MCQ Source- 31st October PIB News analysis
http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551342

 

Ans-B

Exp-

  • The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, graced and addressed the Vigilance Awareness Week 2018 function organised by the Central Vigilance Commission in New Delhi today (October 31, 2018). The theme of this year’s Vigilance Awareness Week is ‘Eradicate Corruption – Build a New India’.
  • On the occasion, the President presented the ‘Vigilance Excellence Awards’ to acknowledge and appreciate efforts made by the organizations in their fight against corruption.
  • The awards instituted in 2017 are intended to bring forth new ideas related to anti-corruption, and to give recognition to organizations for making a positive contribution to their efficiency and effectiveness.
  • The Commission has instituted awards for Central Public Sector Enterprises, Public Sector Banks, Ministries/ Departments/Organizations in the following categories:

 

  1. Vigilance Innovation
  2. Vigilance Awareness Initiative
  3. Excellence in Investigation,
  4. Timely Completion of Disciplinary Proceedings,
  5. Best Institutional Practice Including IT Initiative for Fighting Corruption.

 

The awards are graded as ‘Outstanding’ and ‘Excellent’ for their contribution by the organization, based on the work done by the CVOs/Vigilance wings as well as by Management in the above mentioned categories.

 

Organization Grade Initiatives Undertaken
1. Ministry of Railways Outstanding Developed Freight Operation Information System which is now operated by SFOORTI app for transparent and effective freight booking and tracking.
2. Indian Overseas Bank Excellent Developed IOB Sahayak app for NPA recovery and REAP System for automated retail loan processing. Also implemented various other measures to streamline systems and procedures

 

 

Q-9 Consider the following Statements regarding Core Industries

1-They are 8 core industries whose performance is tracked by Index of Eight Core Industries (ICI).
2- They comprise 38 per cent weight (Approx) in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- 31st October PIB News analysis http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551342

Ans-C

 

Q-10 Consider the following statements

1-The ease of doing business index is an index created by jointly World Bank Group & IMF bank
2-Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1–190.
3-A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2
B-1,3
C-2,3
D-all of the above

MCQ Source –1st November 2018,The Hindu Newspaper,Front Page India jumps to 77th rank in the Ease of Doing Business Index

Ans-C

Exp

  • The ease of doing business index is an index created by World Bank Group only
  • A nation’s ranking on the index is based on the average of 10 sub-indices:
  • Starting a business – Procedures, time, cost and minimum capital to open a new business
    • Dealing with construction permits – Procedures, time and cost to build a warehouse
    • Getting electricity – procedures, time and cost required for a business to obtain a permanent electricity connection for a newly constructed warehouse
    • Registering property – Procedures, time and cost to register commercial real estate
    • Getting credit – Strength of legal rights index, depth of credit information index
    • Protecting investors – Indices on the extent of disclosure, extent of director liability and ease of shareholder suits
    • Paying taxes – Number of taxes paid, hours per year spent preparing tax returns and total tax payable as share of gross profit
    • Trading across borders – Number of documents, cost and time necessary to export and import
    • Enforcing contracts – Procedures, time and cost to enforce a debt contract
    • Resolving insolvency – The time, cost and recovery rate (%) under bankruptcy proceeding
    The Doing Business project also offers information on following datasets:
    • Distance to frontier – Shows the distance of each economy to the “frontier,” which represents the highest performance observed on each of the indicators across all economies included since each indicator was included in Doing Business
    • Entrepreneurship – Measures entrepreneurial activity. The data is collected directly from 130 company registrars on the number of newly registered firms over the past seven years
    • Good practices – Provide insights into how governments have improved the regulatory environment in the past in the areas measured by Doing Business
    • Transparency in business regulation – Data on the accessibility of regulatory information measures how easy it is to access fee schedules for 4 regulatory processes in the largest business city of an economy

 

 

Q-11 Some times “Sameer App” often seen in the news …its deal with which of the following?
A-To monitor all the schemes for Adolescent Girls in the country
B-To measure AQI and to report environmentally polluting activities
C-To track number of HIV patients in the country
D- None of the above

MCQ source – 1st November 2018, The Hindu Newspaper ,Page-4 Image

Ans-B

  • Exp-
    Sameer is an APP that provides hourly updates on the National Air Quality Index (AQI) published by CPCB.
  • Air Quality Index is a tool for effective communication of air quality in a single number, nomenclature and colour

 

Q-12 Consider the following statements regarding Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

1-Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is an apex probity watchdog of Union Government formed to address governmental corruption.
2- CVC is headed by Central Vigilance Commissioner and has Four Vigilance Commissioners.
3- CVC are appointed by President on recommendations of select committee comprising of Prime Minister as Chairperson, Union Cabinet Minister recommended by PM and Leader of second largest party in Lok Sabha or majority group leader in parliament

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2,3
C- Only 3
D- Only 1,2

MCQ source – 1st November 2018, The Hindu Newspaper ,Page-8 Topic-Perusing files, will call officers if needed: CVC

Ans- A

Exp-

  • CVC is headed by Central Vigilance Commissioner and has two Vigilance Commissioners.
  • CVC are appointed by President on recommendations of select committee comprising of Prime Minister as Chairperson, Union Minister of Home Affairs and Leader of second largest party in Lok Sabha or majority group leader in parliament

Q-13 Consider the following statements regarding index of industrial production (IIP)

1-IIP is compiled and published annually by the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO).
2-The base year of IIP is 2009-10.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source- 31st October PIB News analysis http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1551342

Ans-D

  • Exp-
    -IIP is compiled and published monthly by the Central Statistical Organization (CSO) six weeks after the reference month ends.
    – The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is an index for India which details out the growth of various sectors in an economy such as mining, electricity and manufacturing.
    The committee led by former Planning Commission member Saumitra Chaudhuri has recommended the base year of IIP to be revised from 2004-05 to 2011-12. The existing series replaced their earlier indices, which had 1993-94 as base year, from July 2011 onwards.

Q-14 Consider the following Statements regarding about e- SANCHIT

1-e- SANCHIT was launched on a pilot basis by the Central Board of Excise & Customs (CBEC).
2-It is mainly for paperless processing, uploading of supporting documents, to facilitate the trading across borders which will reduce the precious time and provide digital easing.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

Ans-C

 

Q-15 Consider the following statements regrading Reserve Bank of India

1-The Reserve Bank of India was established following the Reserve Bank of India Act of 1934
2-The bank is often referred to by the name Mint Street.
3-RBI is entrusted with the 21-member central board of directors: the governor; four deputy governors; two finance ministry representatives (usually the Economic Affairs Secretary and the Financial Services Secretary)

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1,3
B- Only 2
C- Only 3
D- All of the Above

MCQ source – 1st November 2018, The Hindu Newspaper ,Page-15 Topic-RBI autonomy is ‘essential’, says Centre

Ans-D