DESIREIAS QUIZ

19th September Daily MCQ for UPSC –Based on The Hindu Newspaper

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19th September Daily MCQ for UPSC –Based on The Hindu Newspaper

 

Note – All answers with Detail Explanation

 

Q-1 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-National Food Security Act (NFSA aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of the population (50% in rural areas and 75% in urban areas).

राष्ट्रीय खाद्य सुरक्षा अधिनियम (एनएफएसए का लक्ष्य आबादी के लगभग दो तिहाई (ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में 50% और शहरी क्षेत्रों में 75%) को सब्सिडी वाले अनाज प्रदान करना है।

2-It includes only  the Midday Meal Scheme, Integrated Child Development Services scheme and the Public Distribution System

इसमें केवल दोपहर भोजन योजना, एकीकृत बाल विकास सेवा योजना और सार्वजनिक वितरण प्रणाली शामिल है

 

Choose the correct code

A-only 1

B-only 2

C-Both are correct

D-None of the above

 

MCQ Source 19th September 2018 The Hindu Newspaper   Page-no 6 Topic -Stop misuse of govt. machinery, Gehlot tells CS

 

 

Ans-B

 

 

Explanation

 

  • It converts existing food security programmes of the Central Government into legal entitlements.
  • It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, Integrated Child Development Services scheme and the Public Distribution System.
  • Grains like wheat, rice and coarse grain will be distributed at the subsidized price of 3 Rs. 3, Rs. 2 and Rs. 1.
  • Pregnant women and lactating mothers and children are entitled to get meals under the prescribed nutrition by MDM and ICDS.
  • NFSA 2013 will provide high nutrition food to the children from age group of 6 months to 14 years.
  • Pregnant women and lactating mothers will be entitled to get maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000
  • The NFSA aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of the population (75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas).
  • It converts existing food security programmes of the Central Government into legal entitlements.
  • It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, Integrated Child Development Services scheme and the Public Distribution System.
  • Grains like wheat, rice and coarse grain will be distributed at the subsidized price of 3 Rs. 3, Rs. 2 and Rs. 1.
  • Pregnant women and lactating mothers and children are entitled to get meals under the prescribed nutrition by MDM and ICDS.
  • NFSA 2013 will provide high nutrition food to the children from age group of 6 months to 14 years.
  • Pregnant women and lactating mothers will be entitled to get maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000

 

 

Q-2Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-The entire cost of Gaganyaan mission will be more than Rs 10,000 crore.

गगनयान मिशन की पूरी लागत 10,000 करोड़ रुपये से अधिक होगी।

2-It will be totally indigenous, very cost-effective mission by Indian standards which is not viable from international standards.

यह भारतीय मानकों द्वारा पूरी तरह से स्वदेशी, बहुत ही लागत प्रभावी मिशन होगा जो अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मानकों से व्यवहार्य नहीं करेगा

3-Recently (ISRO) launched a space technology incubation centre in Mizoram

हाल ही में (इसरो) ने मिजोरम में एक अंतरिक्ष प्रौद्योगिकी ऊष्मायन केंद्र लॉन्च किया

 

Choose the correct code

A-only 1

B-only 2

C-only 3

D-None of the above

 

MCQ Source 19th September 2018 The Hindu Newspaper   Page-7 topic-ISRO to tap small cities for innovations

 

 

 

Ans-B

 

 

Explanation

 

  • The entire cost of Gaganyaan mission will be less than Rs 10,000 crore.
  • It will be totally indigenous, very cost-effective mission by Indian standards which is not viable from international standards.
  • Prior to actual launch of this manned mission by 2022, ISRO will launch  two unmanned Gaganyaan missions (first in 30 months’ time and then 36 months).
  • Launch Phase:
  • GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle will be used to launch Gaganyaan as it has necessary payload capability for this mission.
  • The spacecraft will comprise of crew module and service module that constitute orbital.
  • It weighs approximately 7 tonnes and will be placed in low earth orbit (LEO) of 300-400 km. Crew module’s size will be 3.7 meters and of service module will be 7 meters.

 

  • Recently (ISRO) launched a space technology incubation centre in Tripura

 

 

 

Q-3 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-International Astronomical Union (IAU) is a collection of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional education and research in astronomy.

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय खगोलीय संघ (आईएयू) व्यावसायिक खगोलविदों का संग्रह है, पीएचडी स्तर और उससे परे, पेशेवर शिक्षा और खगोल विज्ञान में अनुसंधान में सक्रिय है।

2-It is an internationally recognized authority for assigning designations (names) to celestial bodies (stars, planets, asteroids, etc.) and any surface features on them.

यह दिव्य निकायों (सितारों, ग्रहों, क्षुद्रग्रहों, आदि) के लिए पदनाम (नाम) को निर्दिष्ट करने के लिए एक अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर मान्यता प्राप्त प्राधिकारी है और उन पर किसी भी सतह की विशेषताएं करता है

Choose the correct code

A-only 1

B-only 2

C-Both are correct

D-None of the above

 

 

MCQ Source 19th September 2018 The Hindu Newspaper   Page-8 topic-Celestial misfit

Ans-C

 

Explanation

 

  • International Astronomical Union (IAU) is a collection of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional education and research in astronomy.
  • It is an internationally recognized authority for assigning designations (names) to celestial bodies (stars, planets, asteroids, etc.) and any surface features on them.
  • Founded: 1919.
  • Headquarters: Paris, France
  • Objective: Promote and safeguard the science of astronomy in all its aspects through international cooperation.
  • It is an internationally recognized authority for assigning designations (names) to celestial bodies (stars, planets, asteroids, etc.) and any surface features on them.

 

 

 

Q-4 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-CAG holds office for a period of 5 years or upto the age of 65 years,whichever is earlier.

सीएजी का पद 5 साल या 65 साल की उम्र तक, जो भी पहले हो, के लिए कार्यालय रखता है।

2-He can also be removed by the president on same grounds and in the same manner as a judge of the Supreme Court.

 

उन्हें राष्ट्रपति द्वारा उसी आधार पर और सर्वोच्च न्यायालय के न्यायाधीश के रूप में भी हटाया जा सकता है।

 

Choose the correct code

A-only 1

B-only 2

C-Both are correct

D-None of the above

 

MCQ Source 19th September 2018 The Hindu Newspaper   Page-11 topic-Cong. to push for CAG probe

 

Ans-B

Explanation

 

  • CAG holds office for a period of six years or upto the age of 65 years,
  • whichever is earlier.
  • He can resign any time from his office by addressing the
  • resignation letter to the president.
  • He can also be removed by the president on same grounds and in the same manner as a judge of the Supreme Court.
  • Inother words, he can be removed by the president on the basis of a resolution
  • passed to that effect by both the Houses of Parliament with special majority,
  • either on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.

 

 

 

Q-5 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-Akash Missile System is Indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

आकाश मिसाइल सिस्टम स्वदेशी रक्षा अनुसंधान एवं विकास संगठन (डीआरडीओ) द्वारा विकसित किया गया है

2-It’s a Air-to-air anti-aircraft missile

यह एक हवा से हवा विरोधी विमान मिसाइल है

3-It’s a Nuclear capable

यह एक परमाणु सक्षम है

Choose the correct code

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

 

MCQ Source 19th September 2018 The Hindu Newspaper  Page-11 New Akash missiles get green light

 

 

 

 

 

Ans-B

Explanation

 

  • Akash Missile System is Indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
  • It’s a surface-to-air anti-aircraft missile
  • It’s a Nuclear capable
  • Supersonic speeds ranging from Mach 2.8 to 3.5
  • Nuclear capable
  • It is multi target, multi directional, all weather air-defence system consisting of surveillance and tracking radars.
  • Akash is powered by Ramjet-rocket propulsion system

 

 

 

 

Q-6 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-Syria is Landlocked country

सीरिया लैंडलाक्ड देश है

2-It is bordered by Turkey to the east, Lebanon and Israel to the north and southwest,Iraq to the east, and Jordan to the south.

यह तुर्की से पूर्व में, लेबनान और इज़राइल को उत्तर और दक्षिणपश्चिम, पूर्व में इराक और दक्षिण में जॉर्डन के किनारे है।

Choose the correct code

A-only 1

B-only 2

C-Both are correct

D-None of the above

 

MCQ Source 19th September 2018 The Hindu Newspaper  Page-12 topic Russia blames Israel after plane shot down in Syria

 

 

 

Ans-D

Explanation

 

  • Syria is located in Southwestern Asia, north of the Arabian Peninsula, at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.
  • It is bordered by Turkeyto the north, Lebanon and Israel to the west and southwest,Iraq to the east, and Jordan to the south.

 

 

 

 

Q-7 Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-Main objective of BIMSTEC is technological and economic cooperation among south Asian and south east Asian countries along the coast of the bay of Bengal

1- बिम्सटेक का मुख्य उद्देश्य बंगाल की खाड़ी के किनारे दक्षिण एशियाई और दक्षिण पूर्व एशियाई देशों के बीच तकनीकी और आर्थिक सहयोग करना है।

2-BIMSTEC doesn’t use alphabetical order for the Chairmanship

बिम्सटेक की अध्यक्षता के लिए वर्णमाला क्रम का उपयोग नहीं करता है

 

 

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

 

MCQ Source 19th September 2018 The Hindu Newspaper  Page-12 topic-Nepal’s no to drills is not a snub to India

 

 

Ans-A

 

Explanation

 

  • BIMSTEC stands for Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation.
  • It is an international organisation involving a group of countries in South Asia and South East Asia.
  • 7 members :
    • Bangladesh
    • India
    • Myanmar
    • Sri Lanka
    • Thailand
    • Bhutan
    • Nepal
  • Established in 1997 in Bangkok
  • Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Thailand were founding members
  • HQ : Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • The main objective of BIMSTEC is technological and economic cooperation among south Asian and south east Asian countries along the coast of the bay of Bengal . Commerce, investment, technology, tourism, human resource development, agriculture, fisheries, transport and communication, textiles, leather etc. have been included in it
  • BIMSTEC uses the alphabetical order for the Chairmanship