DESIREIAS QUIZ

18th September Daily MCQ Based on Current Affairs

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18th September Daily MCQ Based on Current Affairs

1-Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

Satkosia Tiger Reserve located in the Tamil Nadu State

सत्कोसिया टाइगर रिजर्व तमिलनाडु राज्य में स्थित है

2-The tiger reserve is located in the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests ecoregion.

बाघ रिजर्व पूर्वी हाइलैंड्स नम पर्णपाती जंगलों इकोर्जियन में स्थित है

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

Ans-B

 

  • Explanation
  • It is a tiger reserve located in the Angul district of Odisha
  • The tiger reserve is located in the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests ecoregion.
  • It is located where the Mahanadi River passes through a 22 km long gorge in the Eastern Ghats.
  • Experts of the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) the Royal Bengal tigress ‘Sundari’ will continue to stay in Satkosia Wildlife Sanctuary
  • The local people are demanding that the tigress be shifted from Satkosia Wildlife sanctuary alleging that it killed a woman.

 

MCQ Source –Today Newspaper http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/2018/sep/16/twists-and-turns-claw-in-satkosia-tiger-tale-1872578.html

 

2-Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Wildlife Crime Control Bureau  is a Non- statutory body

वन्यजीव अपराध नियंत्रण ब्यूरो एक गैर-सांविधिक निकाय है

2-It is a multi-disciplinary body under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change(MoEFCC) to combat organized wildlife crime in the country.

यह देश में संगठित वन्यजीव अपराध का मुकाबला करने के लिए केंद्रीय पर्यावरण मंत्रालय, वन और जलवायु परिवर्तन (एमओईएफसीसी) के तहत एक बहु अनुशासनात्मक निकाय है।

3-Its headquarter in  Tamil Nadu

इसका मुख्यालय तमिलनाडु में है

Choose the correct code

A-only 1

B-only 2,3

C-only 2

D-only 1,3

 

Ans-C

  • Explanation -It is a statutory body.
  • It is a multi-disciplinary body under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change(MoEFCC) to combat organized wildlife crime in the country.
  • It was established in June 2007 by amending the Wildlife (Protection) Act (WLPA), 1972, a special Act to protect the wildlife and fauna in the country.
  • Its headquarter in  New Delhi
  • Regional offices at Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and Jabalpur; three sub-regional offices at Amritsar, Guwahati, and Cochin; and five border.

 

MCQ Source –Today Newspaper http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/2018/sep/16/twists-and-turns-claw-in-satkosia-tiger-tale-1872578.html

 

 

3-Consider the following statements about Kanthasth

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें ( कंठस्थ पर )

1-It is an initiative of Ministry of Culture.

यह संस्कृति मंत्रालय की एक पहल है।

2-It is a computer software for translating all kinds of official files from English to Hindi.

यह अंग्रेजी से हिंदी तक सभी प्रकार की आधिकारिक फाइलों का अनुवाद करने के लिए एक कंप्यूटर सॉफ्टवेयर है।

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

MCQ Source  – PIB http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=183200

Ans-B
Explanation

  • It is an initiative of Ministry of Home Affairs
  • It is computer software for translating the all kinds of official files from English to Hindi and vice versa to make the translation work simpler and quicker.
  • The Official language department has uploaded a dictionary of more than 15000 scientific and technical words on their website for technical usage.
  • An app called Lila Mobile App is also in place for making the learning of Hindi language easier
  • An E-learning platform called the “Pravah” also being developed by the department for use in 16 Indian languages including English.

 

 

4-Consider the following statements about Maluti Project

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें (मालुति परियोजना पर )

1-It involves linking of Ancient temples across India.

इसमें भारत भर के प्राचीन मंदिरों को जोड़ने का समावेश है।

2-It would enhance tourism in Rural India but also encourage cultural awareness.

यह ग्रामीण भारत में पर्यटन को बढ़ाएगा बल्कि सांस्कृतिक जागरूकता को भी प्रोत्साहित करेगा।

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

 

MCQ Source  – PIB  http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=180820

Answer

Ans-A

Explanation:

  • It involves conservation of terracotta temples in Maluti, Jharkand
  • The project involves conserving 62 temples of the 108 temples which were in a dilapidated condition
  • It would enhance tourism in Rural India but also encourage cultural awareness in the Local Areas
  • The kings of Baj Basanta dynasty built these temples in Maluti, their capital, inspired by goddess Mowlakshi, their family deity.

 

 

5-Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Under Shifting cultivation, a piece of land is used for quite some years until the fertility is dropped. After -that the farmers move to the new plots.

झूम खेती के तहत, भूमि का एक टुकड़ा काफी वर्षों तक उपयोग किया जाता है जब तक कि प्रजनन क्षमता कम नहीं हो जाती। इसके बाद किसान नए भूखंडों में चले जाते हैं।

2- It is practiced by tribal and also known as Burn and Slash cultivation. It is known as Jhoom in Assam, , Podu in Kerala, Onam  in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha

यह आदिवासी द्वारा किया जाता है और इसे बर्न और स्लैश खेती के रूप में भी जाना जाता है। इसे असम में झूम, केरल में पोड, आंध्र प्रदेश और ओडिशा में ओणम के नाम से जाना जाता है

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

 

MCQ source The Hindu 18 sep 2018 Page-11 topic -NITI Aayog for clear policy on ‘jhum’ cultivation

 

Ans-A

Explanation:

 

Its Onam in Kerala, podu  in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha

Key Features of Shifting Cultivation

Over a large part of North East India, chief characteristics of shifting cultivation, while having different local names are found to be the same. These are

  • Rotation of fields
  • Use of fire for clearing the land
  • Keeping the land fallow for regeneration for a number of years
  • Use of human labour as main input
  • Non-employment of draught animals
  • Non-use of the plough, but instead very crude and simple implements such as dibble sticks and scrapers, are used, and
  • All the crops being grown are mixed together.

Furthermore, in most parts of Northeast India it is found that hunting and gathering is an important subsidiary occupation of the shifting cultivators.

Extent of Shifting Cultivation in India

According to recent estimates, India’s 0.59 percent of the total geographical area is under shifting cultivation. The effects of shifting cultivation are devastating and far-reaching in degrading the environment and ecology of these regions. The earlier 15–20 years cycle of shifting cultivation on a particular land has reduced to two or three years now. This has resulted in large-scale deforestation, soil and nutrient loss, and invasion by weeds and other species. The indigenous biodiversity has been affected to a large extent. The current statistics say that India’s largest area under shifting cultivation is in the state of Odisha.

Other Names of Shifting Cultivation

Shifting Cultivation is known as Ladang in Indonesia, Caingin in Philippines, Milpa in central America  & Mexico, Ray in Vietnam, Taungya In Myanmar , Tamrai in Thailand, Chena in Sri Lanka, Conuco in Venezuela, Roca in Brazil, Masole in central Africa. Chinook is a local wind

 

 

6-Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) has 24x7x365 surveillance of the -border through technology.

व्यापक एकीकृत सीमा प्रबंधन प्रणाली (सीआईबीएमएस) में तकनीक के माध्यम से सीमा के 24x7x365 निगरानी की जाएगी

2- It has three main components: New High-Tech Surveillance , efficient and dedicated communication network , command and control centre

इसमें तीन मुख्य घटक हैं: नई उच्च तकनीक निगरानी, कुशल और समर्पित संचार नेटवर्क, कमांड और नियंत्रण केंद्र

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

 

Ans-C

 

MCQ Source Front Page – 18th Sep 2018 The Hindu Newspaper Topic -end to infiltration: Rajnath

Explaintion

Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) has 24x7x365 surveillance of the border through technology

  • New High-Tech Surveillance devices such as sensors, detectors, cameras, ground-based radar systems, micro-aerostats, lasers as well as existing equipment for round-the-clock surveillance of the international border;
  • An efficient and dedicated communication network including fibre optic cables and satellite communication for transmitting data gathered by these diverse high-tech surveillance and detection devices;
  • A command and control centre to which the data will be transmitted in order to apprise the senior commanders about the happenings on the ground and thus providing a composite picture of the international border.

Context

  • Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated the first phase of hi-tech ‘smart fencing’ of 11 km stretch on the International Border (IB) in Jammu.

Details

  • CIBMS would provide for round-the-clock laser-guided surveillance of the borders.
  • The smart fencing project will initially be implemented to cover gaps in the physical fencing. Eventually, this technology will be implemented across the entire border,
  • The smart fencing is a web of surveillance, communication and data storage devices.
    • It will enable surveillance during difficult weather conditions and reduce the need for physical patrolling of the borders.
    • It will rely on thermal imaging, infra-red and laser-based intruder alarms to stop infiltration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

7-Who Published The Future of Jobs 2018  Report ?

A-IMF

B- World Bank

C- World Economic Forum

D- None of the Above

MCQ Source Front Page – 18th Sep 2018 The Hindu Newspaper Topic – Machines will rule workplace by 2025

Ans-C

  • Explanation
  • “The Future of Jobs 2018” report by WEF predicts that the rise of robotics will result in machines performing more tasks on the job than humans by 2025. It also estimates that while that trend could displace 75 million jobs globally by 2022, it’ll create 133 million new positions.
  • The report surveyed executives from different industries around the world, aiming to get a look at how new technologies, like artificial intelligence, will affect the global labor force.

Details

  • In 2018, humans performed an average of 71% of total task hours across the 12 industries spanning manufacturing, services and high tech.
    • By 2025, that will drop to just 48%, according to the WEF. Machines will perform the remaining 52%.
  • Globally, almost half of all companies expect automation to cut their full-time workforce in the next four years;
    • However, new jobs will still lead to a net gain in employment opportunities if sufficient reskilling is done.
  • In India, 54% of employees in these sectors will need reskilling by 2022
    • Of this 35% would need at least six months’ worth of reskilling,
    • 10% would need more than a year of training in order to meet the demands of the new economy