DESIREIAS QUIZ

17th Sep 2018 Daily Current Affairs MCQ (Answer With Explanation)

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17th Sep 2018 Daily Current Affairs MCQ Answers  With Explanation

 

1- Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-5G promises ultra-reliable, very fast speeds and high bandwidth mobile connectivity, which provides peak speeds of 20 times, compared with 4G.

5 जी अल्ट्रा-भरोसेमंद, बहुत तेज़ गति और उच्च बैंडविड्थ मोबाइल कनेक्टिविटी का वादा करता है, जो 4 जी की तुलना में 20 गुना की गति प्रदान करता है।

2-It is expected to provide 100-plus Gbps speeds, which allow access to high-bandwidth multimedia and data services for various industry applications

यह 100 से अधिक जीबीपीएस गति प्रदान करने की उम्मीद है, जो विभिन्न उद्योग अनुप्रयोगों के लिए उच्च बैंडविड्थ मल्टीमीडिया और डेटा सेवाओं तक पहुंच की इजाजत देता है

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

MCQ Source – The Hindu 17th September – Page  Page-14 Topic -India calling: 5G networks may be in place by 2020

 

Ans-A

Exp-

  • 5G promises ultra-reliable, very fast speeds and high bandwidth mobile connectivity, which provides peak speeds of 20 times, compared with 4G.
  • It is expected to provide 10-plus Gbps speeds, which allow access to high-bandwidth multimedia and data services for various industry applications.
  • 5G is intended to support mission-critical applications such as financial transactions and healthcare, and latency and high speed will be achieved through the use of Fibre optic cables.

 

 

2– Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) Comes Under the  Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

संसद लोकल एरिया डेवलपमेंट स्कीम (एमपीएलडीएस) के सदस्य सांख्यिकी और कार्यक्रम कार्यान्वयन मंत्रालय के अधीन आता है

2-The funds released under the scheme are non-lapsable

इस योजना के तहत जारी किए गए फंड अव्यपगत हैं

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

MCQ Source 17th September The Hindu Newspaper Page-11 Topic-CIC wants breakup of how MPLADS funds are utilised

 

Ans-C

About  MPLADS

Ministry: Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

December, 1993

  • It provides a mechanism for the Members of Parliament to recommend works of developmental nature for creation of durable community assets and for provision of basic facilities including community infrastructure, based on locally felt needs
  • Salient features: MPLADS is a centrally-sponsored plan scheme fully funded by the government of India under which funds are released in the form of grants in-aid directly to the district authorities.
  • Works, developmental in nature, based on locally felt needs and always available for the use of the public at large, are eligible under the scheme.
  • Preference under the scheme is given to works relating to national priorities, such as provision of drinking water, public health, education, sanitation, roads, etc.
  • The funds released under the scheme are non-lapsable. Funds not released in a particular year is carried forward to the subsequent years, subject to eligibility.
  • The MPs have a recommendatory role under the scheme. They recommend their choice of works to the concerned district authorities who implement these works by following the established procedures of the concerned state government.
  • The district authority is empowered to examine the eligibility of works sanction funds and select the implementing agencies, prioritise works, supervise overall execution, and monitor the scheme at the ground level.
  • The district authorities get the works executed through the line departments, local self-governments or other government agencies. In some cases, the district authorities get the works executed through reputed non-government organisations.
  • The Lok Sabha Members can recommend works in their respective constituencies.
  • The elected members of the Rajya Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the state from which they are elected.
  • Nominated members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha may select works for implementation anywhere in the country.

 

3-Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Transponder is mainly used in satellite communication to transfer the received signals.

ट्रांसपोंडर मुख्य रूप से प्राप्त संकेतों को स्थानांतरित करने के लिए उपग्रह संचार में उपयोग किया जाता है।

2-When the amplitude of carrier wave is changed in accordance with the intensity of the signal, the process is called frequency modulation.

जब सिग्नल की तीव्रता के अनुसार वाहक तरंग का आयाम बदल जाता है, प्रक्रिया को आवृत्ति मॉड्यूलेशन कहा जाता है

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

 

MCQ Source – The Hindu 17th September – Page -6 Topic -Odisha man, team builds private satellite

 

 

Ans-A

  • A communications satellite’s transponder is the series of interconnected units that form a communications channel between the receiving and the transmitting antennas. It is mainly used in satellite communication to transfer the received signals.
  • When the frequency of carrier wave is changed in accordance with the intensity of the signal, the process is called frequency modulation.

 

4-Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

 

1-The Commission includes 1 Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) and not more than 5 Information Commissioners (IC) who are appointed by the President of India.

आयोग में 1 मुख्य सूचना आयुक्त (सीआईसी) शामिल है और भारत के राष्ट्रपति द्वारा नियुक्त 5 से अधिक सूचना आयुक्त (आईसी) नहीं हैं।

2- CIC and members are appointed by the President of India on the recommendation of a committee consisting of—Prime Minister as Chairperson, the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha; a Union Home Minister

सीआईसी और सदस्यों को एक समिति की सिफारिश पर भारत के राष्ट्रपति द्वारा नियुक्त किया जाता है- लोकसभा में विपक्ष के नेता, अध्यक्ष के रूप में प्रधान मंत्री; एक केंद्रीय गृह मंत्री

 

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

 

ANS-D

 

MCQ Source 17th September The Hindu Newspaper Page-11 Topic-CIC wants breakup of how MPLADS funds are utilised

 

 

5-Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Recently India’s Human Development Index (HDI) Drops due to inequality

हाल ही में भारत की मानव विकास सूची (एचडीआई) असमानता के कारण गिरती है

2-Among BRICS, South Africa, Which has higher HDI than india, suffers the Greatest drop in HDI value in inequality

ब्रिक्स देशो में , दक्षिण अफ्रीका, जो भारत की तुलना में अधिक एचडीआई रखता है, असमानता में एचडीआई मूल्य में सबसे बड़ी गिरावट का सामना किया

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

 

MCQ Source 17th September The Hindu Newspaper Page -9 Data Point

Ans-C

  • Exp-Check today newspaper Data Point Column

 

6-Consider the following statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is specialised agency of the United Nations.

खाद्य और कृषि संगठन (एफएओ) संयुक्त राष्ट्र की विशेष एजेंसी है।

2-Its parent organization is UN Economic and Social Council (UNESC).

इसका मूल संगठन संयुक्त राष्ट्र आर्थिक और सामाजिक परिषद (यूएनईएससी) है।

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

MCQ Source 17th September The Hindu Newspaper  Page-9 Topic Transforming agriculture

Ans-C

 

  • FAO is specialised agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Its parent organization is UN Economic and Social Council (UNESC). It is neutral forum serving both developed and developing countries where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy.
  • It was established on 16 October 1945 and its headquarters are in Rome, Italy. Its motto is “Let there be bread”. It has 194 member states, along with the European Union (member organization)
  • FAO meet the demands posed by major global trends in agricultural development and challenges faced by member nations. It helps countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all.

 

7- Consider the following  statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-The formation of the monetary policy committee was mooted by the Urjit Patel committee.

मौद्रिक नीति समिति का गठन उर्जित पटेल समिति द्वारा किया गया था।

2-MPC will be a 6 member committee: 3 members will be from RBI.

एमपीसी 6 सदस्यीय समिति होगी: 3 सदस्य आरबीआई से होंगे।

3-The governor will not enjoy a veto power to overrule the other panel members, but will have a casting vote in case of a tie.

गवर्नर अन्य पैनल सदस्यों को खत्म करने के लिए वीटो शक्ति का प्रयोग नहीं करेगा, लेकिन टाई के मामले में कास्टिंग वोट करेगा

Choose the correct code

A-1,2

B-1,3

C-2,3

D-all of the above

MCQ Source 17th September The Hindu Newspaper   Page-8 Topic Where goes the rupee?

 

Ans-D

 

  • Exp- About Monetary Policy Committee : It is the committee which will decide India’s Monetary Policy.
  • The formation of the monetary policy committee was mooted by the Urjit Patel committee.
  • The committee suggested that monetary policy be rule-based and not discretion-based. The final decision on monetary policy should not lie with the RBI governor alone but on a group of people.
  • Targeting inflation is to be the core objective of the central bank, and it will be answerable to law-makers if it failed to achieve the target.

Composition of MPC

  • MPC will be a 6 member committee:
  • 3 members will be from RBI. These 3 members would include the governor who will also be the ex-officio chairperson of the committee.
  • 3 members will be appointed by the central govt. These members should be  experts in the field of finance or banking or economics or monetary policy. They will have a tenure of 4 years and will not be eligible for reappointment.
  • The members appointed by the govt. will be appointed  based on the recommendations by the search-cum-selection committee which will be headed by the cabinet secretary.
  • Decisions will be taken by majority vote with each member having a vote
  • The governor will not enjoy a veto power to overrule the other panel members, but will have a casting vote in case of a tie.
  • No government official will be nominated to the MPC

MCQ Source 17th September The Hindu Newspaper    Page-8 Topic Where goes the rupee?

 

 

8- Consider the following  statements

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1-Central Bureau of Investigation itself was not established via any act of the parliament,

केंद्रीय जांच ब्यूरो खुद संसद के किसी भी अधिनियम के माध्यम से स्थापित नहीं किया गया है

2-CBI comes under the control of Department of Personnel and Training in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension.

सीबीआई कार्मिक, लोक शिकायत और पेंशन मंत्रालय में कार्मिक और प्रशिक्षण विभाग के नियंत्रण में आता है

Choose the correct code

A- only 1

B- only 2

C- Both are correct

D- None of the above

MCQ Source – The Hindu 17th September Page-7 Topic- NGO for CBI probe into lynching

 

Ans-C

  • Exp- Central Bureau of Investigation itself was not established via any act of the parliament, yet it derives its power of investigation from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act 1946.
  • It was first set up as Special Police Establishment (SPE) 1941 by the British to investigate the corruption and economic offenses related to supply department by the Government Officers during the World War II.
  • After independence, it was retained as a Central Government agency to investigate cases of bribery and corruption by Central Government employees. For this, the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act was enacted 1946. The CBI’s power to investigate cases is derived from this Act. By a resolution, the government changed its name to current name in 1960s. The jurisdiction of the SPE extended to all the Union Territories and could be extended also to the States with the consent of the State Government concerned.
  • Currently, CBI comes under the control of Department of Personnel and Training in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension. It is the nodal police agency in India to coordinate with Interpol. It investigates those crimes which may have interstate and international ramifications. Its areas of operation are:
  • Anti-Corruption: Under this, CBI investigates corruption and fraud committed by public servants of all Central Govt. Departments, Central Public Sector Undertakings and Central Financial Institutions.
  • Economic Crimes: Under this, CBI investigates crimes such as bank frauds, financial frauds, Import Export & Foreign Exchange violations, large-scale smuggling of narcotics, antiques, cultural property and smuggling of other contraband items etc.
  • Special Crimes: Under special crimes, CBI handles cases such as terrorism, bomb blasts, sensational homicides, kidnapping for ransom and crimes committed by the mafia/the underworld.