DESIREIAS QUIZ

13th October Daily MCQ Based on Current Affairs (Answers)

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13th October Daily MCQ Based on Current Affairs (Answers)

Q-1 Consider the following statements
1-Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is non constitutional and non-statutory body.
2-It derives power to investigate from Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1986.
3-It is under administrative control of PMO ( Prime Minister Office)
Choose the correct code
A- Only 2,3
B- Only 2
C- Only 1
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper,Front Page- Topic- CBI to probe T.N. road contracts case

Ans-C
Exp-
• Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is non constitutional and non-statutory body.
• It was established in 1941 as Special Police Establishment and was renamed to present nomenclature in 1963.
• Headquarters: New Delhi.
• Motto: Industry, Impartiality, Integrity.
• It derives power to investigate from Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.
• It is under administrative control of Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Ministry of Personnel.

Q-2 Consider the following statements
1- MeToo’ movement was founded in 2006 by Tarana Burke.
2- It was to help survivors of sexual violence, by creating a community of survivors who move forward together.
3- Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act was passed in 2013.
Choose the correct code
A- Only 2
B- Only 1,3
C- Only 1
D- All of the Above

MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper, Front Page- Topic- Panel to study issues raised by #MeTooIndia
Ans-D
Exp-

• The #MeToo movement is gathering pace in India in recent days, with women calling out influential men for alleged sexual harassment.
• It is imperative, in this backdrop, to understand the legal recourses in place to sexual harassment at the workplace.
What were the earlier Vishaka guidelines?
• The Vishaka guidelines were laid down by the Supreme Court in Vishakha and others v State of Rajasthan judgment in 1997.
• It imposes three key obligations on employing institutions – prohibition, prevention, and redress.
• The institutions are mandated to establish a Complaints Committee.
• This was to look into matters of sexual harassment of women at the workplace.
• These guidelines are legally binding.
• The ‘MeToo’ movement was founded in 2006 by Tarana Burke.
• It was to help survivors of sexual violence, by creating a community of survivors who move forward together.
• The #MeToo spread virally as a hashtag used on social media in an attempt to demonstrate the widespread prevalence of sexual harassmentin the workplace.
• It started gaining national attention in October 2017 in the U.S, after allegations of sexual assault by Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein surfaced.
• It has gained momentum in India in the recent weeks.
• As women increasingly speak up on harassment experiences, the general criticism is about the delay in the reporting.
• But it is to be understood that the dominant status of men in workplaces i.e power and privilege, the very lack of understanding on what constitutes sexual harassment, the social stigma associated with the instances, the lack of trust on people to share this, the lack of awareness on the legal recourses available and above all the emotional trauma out of the incident, significantly, silence women from opening out.

Q-3 Consider the following statements
1- Kaziranga National Park situated in Assam
2- The sanctuary, which hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses,
3- one-horned rhinoceroses, which are listed as Engangered on the IUCN Red list of Threatened Species.
4- it declared UNESCO Mixed Heritage Site
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2,3
B-1,3,4
C-1,2
D-1,3
MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper,Front Page- Image
Ans-C
Exp-

DESIRE IAS, [13.10.18 22:51]
Kaziranga national park is located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam.
The park is a home to two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses, which are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red list of Threatened Species.
It was designated with National Park status in 1968 and was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 for its unique natural environment.
Kaziranga is also recognized as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for conservation of avifaunal species.

Q-4 Consider the following statements

1- Current Account Deficit means the value of only imports of goods and services incomes is greater than the value of exports.

2-The major contributor to India‘s Current Account Deficit (CAD) has been imports of Gold and Crude Oil
3- Sustained period of CAD has led to currency depreciation, high rates of inflation which further effects the incoming foreign investment.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A-1,2,3
B-1,2
C- 2,3
D- Only 3
MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper,Page-6, topic-As the rupee spins downwards

Ans-C
Exp-

What is Current Account Deficit?
• It means the value of imports of goods/services/investment incomes is greater than the value of exports.
• It is sometimes informally referred to as a trade deficit.
• The major contributor to India‘s Current Account Deficit (CAD) has been imports of Gold and Crude Oil

Impact of CAD
• Sustained period of CAD has led to currency depreciation, high rates of inflation which further effects the incoming foreign investment.
• Fall in gold imports and lower oil import bill in recent time led to shrinkage in the deficit.
• A current account surplus means an economy is exporting a greater value of goods and services than it is importing.
• In the case of India, slow growth in imports, reflecting the persisting weakness in the investment sentiment, is the prominent reason behind this.

Q-5 Consider the following statements

1-Kaveri River Originating in the foothills of Western Ghats at Talakaveri, Kodagu in Maharashtra
2-It is the largest River in south india

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are correct
D- None of the above

MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper, Page -7 Topic – A parched land, in a sea of sewage

Ans-D
Exp-

• Kaveri (anglicized as Cauvery), also referred as Ponni, is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
• It is the third largest after Godavari and Krishna in south india and the largest in Tamil Nadu which on its course, bisects the state into North and South.
• Originating in the foothills of Western Ghats at Talakaveri, Kodagu in Karnataka it flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through two principal mouths in Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu.
• Amongst the river valleys, the Kaveri delta forms one of the most fertile regions in the country.

Q-6 Consider the following statements

1-Adhoc Committee are permanent committees. Each House of Parliament has Adhoc Committee
2-Standing Committee are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are correct
D- None of the above
MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper ,Page-8 topic-Piyush Goyal calls Rahul a ‘serial liar’

Ans-D
Exp-

 Adhoc Committee → appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report

 Standing Committee (Advisory and Inquiry in Nature) → Standing Committees are permanent committees. Each House of Parliament has Standing Committees

DESIRE IAS, [13.10.18 22:51]
Q-7 Consider the following statements
1-Consumer Price Index (CPI) is based on the final prices of goods at the retail level.
2-In India, RBI uses CPI (combined) released by CSO for inflation purpose with base year as 2012.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are Correct
D- None of the Above

MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper, page-11 Topic-Factory growth slows to 10-month low

Ans-C
Exp-

Consumer Price Index (CPI) is based on the final prices of goods at the retail level. Because of the wide disparities in the consumption baskets for different segment of consumers, India has adopted four CPIs
• CPI (Industrial Workers)
• CPI (Urban Non- Manual Employees)
• CPI (Agricultural Labour)
• CPI (Rural Worker)
• In India, RBI uses CPI (combined) released by CSO for inflation purpose with base year as 2012.
• The number of items in CPI basket include 448 in rural and 460 in urban
Both these indices are the weighted averages of prices of a specified set of goods and services.

Q-8 Consider the following statements

1-Union Government has constituted new 21-member advisory panel on science, technology and innovation.
2- It will be headed by Principal Scientific Advisor to government.
3- The council will advise Home minister on science, technology, as well as innovation.
4- It will also advise government on developing ‘Clusters of Excellence’ in science including city-based R&D clusters.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- 1,2,3
B- 2,3,4
C- 1,2,4
D- All of the Above
MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper, ,Page-9 Topic-Mission to sequence genes of a ‘large group’ of Indians

Ans-C
• Exp-

• Union Government has constituted new 21-member advisory panel on science, technology and innovation.
• It will be headed by Principal Scientific Advisor to government.
• The council will advise PM on science, technology, as well as innovation.
• It will also coordinate implementation of PMs scientific vision.
• It will actively aid in formulation and timely implementation of major science and technology missions and evolve interdisciplinary technology development programmes.
• It will also advise government on developing ‘Clusters of Excellence’ in science including city-based R&D clusters.
• It will work to bring together all science and technology partners from academia and institutes to industries near such centres or cities.

Q-9 Consider the following statements

1- Gross Domestic product (GDP) recently added calculation measure the depletion of natural resources in it

2- Current measure of GDP did not incorporate the economic contributions of women in running households and maintaining accounts; nor did it have any measure of whether an increase in GDP resulted in an increase in happiness.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A- Only 1
B- Only 2
C- Both are correct
D- None of the above
MCQ Source – 13th October 2018, The Hindu Newspaper ,page-9 topic-Overhaul GDP norms: MPs

Ans-B
Exp-
Gross Domestic product (GDP) calculation didnot measure the depletion of natural resources in it