PIB Analysis

PIB Analysis ( 1st July to 7th July 2018)

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PIB Analysis ( 1st July to 7th July 2018)

These Topics You Should Skip it (What not to be read)

  • Prime Minister of Bhutan calls on the President
  • Government committed to smoothen Immigration and Visa processes: Shri Rajnath Singh
  • PM to visit Rajasthan.
  • PM pays tributes to Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee on his Birth Anniversary
  • Kharif crop sowing crosses 333.76 lakh hectares
  • First meeting of e-Commerce Task Force held
  • Vice President visits infamous Cellular Jail in Port Blair
  • Hike in Minimum Support Price for Kharif crops will go a long way in improving the incomes of the farmers: Vice President
  • Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir attends the Cyber Safety and Digital awareness programme for senior citizens
  • Defend country’s interest in ‘turbulent’ world order: Vice President
  • Union Home Minister felicitates medal winners of 17th World Police & Fire Games-2017
  • Shri Ananthkumar reviews Social Media engagement with People on schemes and initiatives taken by Ministries under his charge
  • High Level Chinese Military Delegation Arrives at Sukna
  • Indian Army Motorcycle Expedition to Commemorate Kargil Vijay Diwas
  • A Portion of Road over Bridge collapses on Railway Tracks near Andheri Station in Mumbai
  • M/o Social Justice & Empowerment organizes “National Workshop on Skill Development for Persons with Disabilities
  • Four-Year Achievements & Initiatives of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
  • Prime Minister of Bhutan calls on the President
  • In the 50th year of its incorporation WAPCOS achieves highest ever gross income of Rs 1110 Crore, registers 75% growth in profitability over the last four years
  • PM’s interaction with young IAS officers
  • cabinet approves MoU between India and United Kingdom on cooperation in the sphere of Law & Justice and establishing a Joint Consultative Committee
  • Election Commission of India Announces a Series of Measures for the Maximum Participation of Persons With Disabilities in Election Process
  • Comments Invited for Creation of National Health Stack
  • Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (CPI-IW) — May, 2018

What to be Read for this week ( 1st july to 7 july)

(Prelims Only)

  • President of India to Visit Goa
  • NITI Aayog to organise India’s First Global Mobility Summit
  • East Coast Railway launches highest ever 06 Limited Height Subways (LHS)
  • Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia( Mapping only)
  • Index of Eight Core Industries (Base: 2011-12=100) May, 2018
  • WAPCOS (Water and Power Consultancy Services ) celebrates 50th foundation day
  • APTA ( only features)
  • Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) ( only features)
  • eVIGIL’( only features)

Only Headline important for Mains Exam

  • WhatsApp warned for abuse of their platform
  • Ministry of Railways approves digital Aadhaar and Driving Licence from Digital Locker as proof of identity of passengers for undertaking journey by Train

  What to be Read for Prelims+ Mains ( GS-2)

  • Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP)
  • eVIGIL’
  • Exchange of Tariff concessions through Fourth Round of Negotiations under Asia Pacific Trade Agreement
  • Apprehensions regarding recommended shift of grant-giving functions to Ministry under proposed HEI Act 2018 are purely misplaced: HRD Ministry
  • Cabinet approves accession to WIPO Copyright Treaty, 1996 and WIPO Performance and Phonograms Treaty, 1996
  • Boost to Higher Education

What to be Read for Mains ( GS-3)

  • Mariculture in India
  • KVIC launches e-marketing system
  • ICAT releases First BS-VI engine certificate
  • Disaster Risk Reduction at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Cabinet approves extension of Scheme of Recapitalization of Regional Rural Banks upto 2019-20
  • Three lakh CSC VLEs to be engaged as Banking Correspondents
  • Competition Commission of India (CCI) launches an Online Guidance System for determining notifiability of Merger & Acquisitions in terms of the Competition Act, 2002

Mains Fodder Topics (Point) Only 

GS-1 or 2 Mains

  • Indira Sagar Polavaram Project Affected Tribal People

GS-3 Mains

  • Boost to farmers’ income
  • We need to adopt a multi-pronged strategy to make Agriculture viable and profitable: Vice President
  • Successful flight testing of Crew Escape System – Technology Demonstrator

Lets start with prelims Topics only

1-President of India to Visit Goa

  • President à Shri Ram Nath Kovind, will visit Goa
  • President will visit the Basilica of Bom Jesus, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Old Goa, and Shri Mangueshi Temple in Mardol, before returning to Delhi

About Basilica of Bom Jesus

  • The basilica holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier.
  • The church is located in Old Goa, which was the capital of Goa in the early days of Portuguese rules
  • ‘Bom Jesus’ (literally, ‘Good (or Holy) Jesus’) is the name used for the Ecce Homo in the countries of Portuguese colonization.
  • The Jesuit church is India’s first minor basilica, and is considered to be one of the best examples of baroque architecture in India.

About Shri Mangueshi Temple in Mardol

  • In 2011, the temple along with others in the area instituted a dress code on visitors of the temple
  • temple had its origins in Kushasthali Cortalim, a village in murmugao which fell to the invading Portuguese in 1543.
  • In the year 1560, when the Portuguese started Christian conversions in mormugao taluka.

2-NITI Aayog to organise India’s First Global Mobility Summit

  • Steeply falling technology costs and business – model innovation are driving the world’s transition to renewable energy and electric vehicles.
  • Against this background, NITI Aayog, in collaboration with various ministries and industry partners, is organising ‘MOVE: Global Mobility Summit’ in New Delhi on 7th and 8thSeptember, 2018.
  • This Summit will help drive Government’s goals for vehicle electrification,  renewable energy integration and job growth and also speed up India’s transition to a clean energy economy.
  • The Summit has been organised along key ‘tracks’ to anchor debate and deliberations on towards preparing a collective mobility agenda. The six tracks or themes for the Summit will focus on:

(i)                 Asset Utilization and Services;

(ii)               Comprehensive Electrification ;

(iii)             Alternative Energy;

(iv)             Reinventing Public Transit;

(v)               Logistics and Goods Transport;

(vi)             Data Analytics and Mobility

3-East Coast Railway launches highest ever 06 Limited Height Subways (LHS)

  • Sambalpur Division becomes the first to eliminate all unmanned Level Crossing Gates in Indian Railways
  • Project has been done within only 6 hours .. First time in india

 

4-Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

  • India is participating in the Asian Ministerial Conference of Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) being held at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

5-Index of Eight Core Industries (Base: 2011-12=100) May, 2018

The Eight Core Industries comprise 40.27 per cent of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).

Its cumulative growth during April to May, 2018-19 was 4.1 per cent.

6-WAPCOS (Water and Power Consultancy Services ) celebrates 50th foundation day

  • WAPCOS, was incorporated as a Public Sector Enterprise in 1969 by the Government of India.
  • It is a  techno-commercial organization under the aegis of Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. WAPCOS has done  Survey & Investigation/Pre-Feasibility/DPRs for more than 550 Projects in Irrigation, Water Resources and  Agricultural etc.
  • The company has successfully undertaken some of the most challenging projects in inhospitable circumstances around the world; e.g. Afghan-India Friendship (Salma) Dam Project, Afghanistan.  WAPCOS today has emerged as one of India’s best performing “Mini Ratna-I” CPSE.

These Topics Video Linkclick Me

Lets start with GS-2 Mains Important Topics

1-Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP)

  • ECI’s (Election Commission of India) pursuit of its mission ‘leave no voter behind,’ with special focus on “Persons with Disabilities” (PwD)
  • Aimed at identifying the barriers or gaps in the inclusion of PwD’s in the electoral process, to assess the existing accessibility initiatives and to find solutions for the challenges being faced by the PwD’s.
  • The whole exercise is to enhance their participation in the forthcoming state and Lok Sabha elections.
  • The theme of “Inclusion of PwD’s” has been given a special focus in the ECI’s Strategic Plan 2016-2025.

2-‘eVIGIL’

  • Election Commission of India launches Mobile App “cVIGIL” to enable citizens to report on violation of election code of conduct
  • cVIGIL” is a user-friendly and easy to operate Android application. It will be operational only where elections are announced.
  • The app requires an Android smartphone equipped with a camera, good internet connection and GPS access.
  • The operating system should be Android Jellybean and above. The application supports all the latest Android smartphones.
  • “eVIGIL” will allow anyone in the election-bound state to report violations of Model Code of Conduct (MCC) that comes into effect from the date of announcement of elections and goes on till a day after the polls.
  • By using this app, citizens can immediately report on incidents of misconduct within minutes of having witnessed them and without having to rush to the office of the returning officer to lodge a complaint.
  • The vigilant citizen has to click a picture or record a video of upto two minutes’ duration of the scene of violations of the model code.
  • The photo or video is to be uploaded on the app.
  • The automated location mapping will be done by the app using the Geographic Information System. After its successful submission through the app, the vigilant citizen gets a Unique ID to track and receive the follow up updates on her or his mobile
  • The new app is expected to fill in all these gaps and create a fast-track complaint reception and redressal system.

3-Exchange of Tariff concessions through Fourth Round of Negotiations under Asia Pacific Trade Agreement

  • The results of 4thRound of negotiations under the Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) (formerly Bangkok Agreement) among six countries, namely, Bangladesh, China, India, Lao PDR, Republic of Korea, and Sri Lanka, have been implemented with effect from 1st July, 2018.
  • APTA is an initiative under the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP) for trade expansion through exchange of tariff concessions among developing country members of the Asia Pacific Region, in place since 1975.

About APTA

  • APTA is a Preferential Trade Agreement, under which the basket of items as well as extent of tariff concessions are enlarged during the trade negotiating rounds which are launched from time to time.
  • India has, on its part, exchanged tariff concessions on 3142 tariff lines with all member countries and special concessions on 48 tariff lines for LDCs, with Bangladesh and Lao PDR.
  • As a founding member of APTA, India is committed to strengthening the APTA process through these concessions.

4-Cabinet approves accession to WIPO Copyright Treaty, 1996 and WIPO Performance and Phonograms Treaty, 1996 

Benefits:

  • Meeting the demand of the copyright industries, these treaties will help India:
  • To enable creative right-holders enjoy the fruit of their labour, through international copyright system that can be used to secure a return on the investment made in producing and distributing creative works;
  • To facilitate international protection of domestic rights holder by providing them level-playing field in other countries as India already extends protection to foreign works through the International Copyright order and these treaties will enable Indian right holders to get reciprocal protection abroad;
  • To instil confidence and distribute creative works in digital environment with return on investment; and
  • To spur business growth and contribute to the development of a vibrant creative economy and cultural landscape.

Copyright Act, 1957

  • After the administration of Copyright Act 1957 was transferred to DIPP in March 2016, a study was initiated to examine compatibility of Copyright Act 1957 with WCT and WPPT. Also a joint study was undertaken with WIPO.
  • WIPO Copyright Treaty came in force on March 6, 2002 and has been adopted by 96 contracting parties till date and is A Special agreement under Berne Convention (for protection of literary and artistic works).
  • It has provisions to extend the protection of copyrights contained therein to the digital environment. Further it recognizes the rights specific to digital environment, of making work available, to address “on-demand” and other interactive modes of access
  • WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treatycame in force on May 20, 2002 and has 96 contracting parties as its members.
  • WPPT deals with rights of two kinds of beneficiaries, particularly in digital environment –
  • (i) Performers (actors, singers, musicians etc.)
  • (ii) Producers of Phonograms (Sound recordings). The treaty empowers right owners in theit negotiations with new digital platforms and distributors. It recognizes moral rights of the performers for the first time & provides exclusive economic rights to them.
  • Both the treaties provide framework for creators and right owners to use technical tools to protect their works and safeguard information about their use i.e. Protection of Technological Protection Measures (TPMs) and Rights Management Information (RMI).

5-Boost to Higher Education

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister has approved the proposal for expanding the scope of Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) by enhancing its capital base to Rs. 10,000 crore and tasking it to mobilise Rs. 1,00,000 crore for Revitalizing Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE) by 2022.
  • The CCEA has also approved that the modalities for raising money from the market through Government guaranteed bonds and commercial borrowings would be decided in consultation with the Department of Economic Affairs so that the funds are mobilized at the least cost.
  • This would enable addressing the needs of all educational institutions with differing financial capacity in an inclusive manner.
  • This would enable HEFA to leverage additional resources from the market to supplement equity, to be deployed to fund the requirements of institutions.  Government guarantee would eliminate the risk factor in Bonds issue and attract investment in to this important national activity

Background

About RISE (Revitalising Infrastructure and Systems in Education ) Scheme:

  • It aims to lend low-cost funds to government higher educational institutions.
  • Under it, all centrally-funded institutes (CFIs), including central universities, IITs, IIMs, NITs and IISERs can borrow from a Rs 1,00,000 crore corpus over next 4 years to expand and build new infrastructure.
  • It will be financed via restructured Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA), a non-banking financial company.
  • Distribution of loans under RISE Scheme is as follows

About Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA),

  • The HEFA would be formed as an SPV within a PSU Bank/Government-owned-NBFC (Promoter). It would leverage the equity to raise up to Rs. 20,000 Cr for funding projects for infrastructure and development of world class Labs in IITs/IIMs/NITs and such other institutions.
  • The HEFA would finance the academic and research infrastructure projects through a 10-yr loan. The principal portion of the loan will be repaid through the ‘internal accruals’ of the institutions. The Government would service the interest portion through the regular grant assistance.
  • With introduction of RISE, all financing for infrastructure development at CFIs in higher education will be done through HEFA, which was set up by government as a Section 8 company (a company with charitable objectives) in 2017 to mobilise funds from the market and offer 10-year loans to centrally-run institutes.

Equity Share: 

  • In order to mobilise funds Rs. 1 lakh crore corpus under RISE, HEFA will need equity of Rs 10,000 crore, of which Rs 8,500 crore will be provided government and remaining by Canara Bank, which partnered with government to set up HEFA, and other corporations.

Target: All infrastructure and research projects sanctioned by HEFA are to be completed by December 2022.

Fund Raising: HEFA will release money directly to vendors or contractors on certification by executing agency and educational institute. Loans taken from HEFA, under the RISE programme, will be paid back over 10 years.  There will be different modes of loan repayment for different institutes, based on their internal revenue.

  • The HEFA would also mobilize CSR funds from PSUs/Corporates, which would in turn be released for promoting research and innovation in these institutions on grant basis.

These Topics Video Linkclick Me

Lets start with GS-3 Mains Important Topics

1-KVIC launches e-marketing system

  • The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) today launched its, in-house developed,single-umbrella e-marketing systemnamed Khadi Institution Management and Information System (KIMIS) in New Delhi.
  • The system can be accessed from anywhere in the country for the sale and purchase of Khadi and Village Industries products.
  • This software will give real-time data of sales and will also give the updated status of stocks of khadi bhawans and godowns, allowing better planning and control of inventory of the KVIC.
  • 480 Khadi institutions and showrooms are linked with this billing software and it will be useful in raising demand and supply of goods in high demand.

2-Mari culture in India

  •  Means à the cultivation of fish or other marine life for food.
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare has notified the “National Policy on Marine Fisheries, 2017”, which will guide the development of marine fisheries sector for the next 10 years.
  • Traditional fishermen, their associations and self-help groups being provided with central financial assistance of up to Rs 40 lakh for Deep-Sea Fishing Vessels
  • 68% is registered from inland fisheries sector and the remaining 32% from marine sector.
  • It is expected that the indigenous fish requirement by 2020 would be 15 million tonnes as against the production of 11.4 million tonnes
  • additional fish production from the near shore area, the government has decided to promote ‘marine culture fisheries’ and included the sub-components of ‘Mariculture’ under ‘Blue Revolution’ Scheme
  • Open sea cage farming is one of the eco-friendly farming activities under mariculture which is being practiced in open sea where wave action is less. The fishes that are being cultured in cages are high value fishes; hence there is a huge export demand for cage cultured fishes.

3-ICAT releases First BS-VI engine certificate

  • ICAT has completed the first BS-VI certification for a heavy duty engine model for M/s Volvo Eicher Commercial Vehicle Limited.
  • Engine has been developed and manufactured indigenously by Volvo Eicher in India
  • International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) is a division of NATRiP implementation society (NATIS), under the administrative control of Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Government of India.
  • ICAT is the first of new world class centers established under the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP) with the main objective of carrying out Research & Development besides extending homologation facilities in the field of Automotive Engineering.
  • ICAT is one of the prime testing agencies recognized by the Government of India as one of the accredited ‘Type Approval and Homologation’ agencies in India under Central Motor Vehicle Rules (CMVR) and has also been recognized as Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (SIRO) by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR),

4-Disaster Risk Reduction at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

  • India is participating in the Asian Ministerial Conference of Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) being held at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
  • India mentioned that within one year after the adoption of SFDRR, we launched our National Disaster Management Plan, fully aligned with the Sendai Framework.
  • India highlighted the urgent need to ensure that the new infrastructure to be created anywhere should be resilient to disaster.

5-Cabinet approves extension of Scheme of Recapitalization of Regional Rural Banks upto 2019-20

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has approved the extension of the scheme of recapitalization of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) for the next three years i.e. upto 2019-20.
  • This will enable the RRBs to maintain the minimum prescribed Capital to Risk Weighted Assets Ratio (CRAR) of 9 per cent

Capital to Risk Weighted Assets Ratio (CRAR)

  • CapitalAdequacy Ratio (CAR) is also known as Capital to Risk (Weighted)Assets Ratio (CRAR), is the ratio of a bank’s capital to its risk. … It is a measure of a bank’s capital. It is expressed as a percentage of a bank’s risk weighted credit exposures.
  • Impact:àA strong capital structure and minimum required level of CRAR will ensure financial stability of RRBs which will enable them to play a greater role in financial inclusion and meeting the credit requirements of rural areas.
  • The identification of RRBs requiring recapitalization and the amount of capital to be provided, will be decided in consultation with NABARD.

Background

  • RRBs were set up with the objective to provide credit and other facilities, especially to the small and marginal farmers, agricultural labourers, artisans and small entrepreneurs in rural areas for development of agriculture, trade, commerce, industry and other productive activities.
  • RRBs are jointly owned by Government of India, the concerned State Government and Sponsor Banks with the issued capital shared in the proportion of 50%, 15% and 35% respectively.

6-Three lakh CSC VLEs to be engaged as Banking Correspondents

  • CSC SPV, a Special Purpose Vehicle under the Ministry of Electronics & IT, has entered into agreement with HDFC Bank to enable its three lakh Village Level Entrepreneurs (VLEs) managing the Common Services Centers operate  as Banking Correspondents of HDFC Bank.
  • Under the agreement, VLEs of CSC will work as Banking Correspondent of HDFC Bank and support the Government initiative to promote financial inclusion and make banking services more accessible in rural areas.
  • This agreement is expected to be a game changer as it would significantly contribute to Government’s objectives of enabling Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) of various schemes.
  • Women, senior citizens and persons with disability will especially get benefitted through this initiative.
  • This will facilitate withdrawal and deposit of government entitlements such as payments under MGNREGA as well as various social welfare schemes like widow pension, handicapped and old age pension, etc.
  • Apart from this, HDFC Bank will support CSC SPV in converting 1000 identified villages into Digi Gaon (Digital Villages) within this financial year.

7-Competition Commission of India (CCI) launches an Online Guidance System for determining notifiability of Merger & Acquisitions in terms of the Competition Act, 2002

  • Supplementing the Government of India’s vision for e-Governance and Digital India Programme, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) today launched an Online Guidance System for determining notifiability of merger & acquisitions (combinations) in terms of the Competition Act, 2002.
  • The Guidance System has been named as “Do It Yourself (DIY): A notifiability check for mergers & acquisitions under the Competition Act, 2002
  • The online guidance system has been launched as part of CCI’s outreach initiatives and measures to simplify compliance requirements regarding combinations.
  • The interactive online application has been developed based on relevant provisions of the Competition Act, 2002, relevant regulations issued thereunder and exemption notifications issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

About CCI

  • After the Competition Act,2002came into existence a Competition Commission of India (CCI) and Competition Appellate Tribunal (CAT) was established.
  • This commission was preceded by Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
  • The CCI is composed of as Chairperson and 6 members, these members are appointed by the Central Government.
  • The CCI acts as a market regulator to check on the ill competitive practices in India. The headquarters of this commission is currently in New Delhi.
  • The Competition Appellate Tribunalwas formed in 2009 and is a fully empowered body by the Constitution of India.
  • The final appeal after this tribunal can be made in the Supreme Court of India.
  • When there is more and more competition in the market the focus will shift from maximum profit to innovation and higher quality to attract customers to their business objective.

 

Mains Fodder Topics (Point) Only 

GS-1 or 2 Mains

  • Indira Sagar Polavaram Project Affected Tribal People
  • Apprehensions regarding recommended shift of grant-giving functions to Ministry under proposed HEI Act 2018 are purely misplaced: HRD Ministry

GS-3 Mains

  • Boost to farmers’ income
  • We need to adopt a multi-pronged strategy to make Agriculture viable and profitable: Vice President
  • Successful flight testing of Crew Escape System – Technology Demonstrator

GS-2 Mains Fodder points

1-Apprehensions regarding recommended shift of grant-giving functions to Ministry under proposed HEI Act 2018 are purely misplaced: HRD Ministry

  • This is in reference to the draft Higher Education Commission of India (Repeal of University Grants Commission Act) Act 2018 and the subsequent comments made in various sections of Press about the proposed shift of the grant-giving functions away from the UGC as a part of the its proposed transformation.

The Ministry of HRD has clarified that no such final decision has yet been taken to shift the grant function to the Ministry even though the recommendation about separating the Regulator and grant-giving entity has been made by many an expert committee in the past, and is rooted in sound principles of Governance

  • The Government is keen to ensure that the grant-giving process shall be purely merit-based, online, objective system that assures both transparency and efficiency with least human interface.

This is to assure that if there is a successor system to the current grant-giving system of UGC, the same will be operated in the most unbiased and impartial manner. The apprehensions in this regard are purely misplaced

2-Chairperson NCST Presents Special Report on “Indira Sagar Polavaram Project Affected Tribal People to President of India

 The report and recommendations are under Article 338A(5)(e) of the Constitution on the measures to be taken by the Government of Andhra Pradesh for the effective implementation of constitutional safeguards and other measures for the protection, welfare and socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes who are affected on account of Polavaram Irrigation Project, Andhra Pradesh but these Recommendations are also apply in Indian Context.

Recommendations made in the Report are as follows,

  • The Commission, while interacting with affected Scheduled Tribe people was informed that in many cases, the alternative land given to them in lieu of the acquired land is not cultivable.  Either it is rocky terrain or there is no water.  The Commission, therefore, recommends that the state government should provide only land fit for agriculture to PDFs/PFs within the command area of Polavaram Irrigation Project with proper irrigation facilities.
  • The Commission noted that many ST people without land holdings were also shifted.  They were hitherto depending on minor forest produces for their livelihood.  Now that they are shifted, they are deprived of their livelihood.  The State Government needs to take care of them by providing alternative means of livelihood.
  • When the Commission visited Iddikulakotta village, complaints were received stating that in that village, many newly constructed houses were destroyed due to flash flood and so far the destroyed houses have not been re-built.  The Commission recommended that the destroyed houses should be re-built immediately to mitigate the sufferings of ST people.
  • While awarding compensation in respect of tribal people, “land for land” policy should be followed to the maximum extent.   In this regard, the ceiling of 2.5. acres of land should be waived in case of ST people, and they should be provided equal or at least 2.5 acres of land within the Command Area of the Polavaram Irrigation Project.
  • In the resettlement colonies, focus/emphasis needs to be given for creation of social infrastructure like setting up of Colleges, University, Stadiums, Medical College on the pattern of AIIMs, Art and Music academies/centers, etc.  in addition to their entitlement. The State Government should make adequate provision of land for creation of such infrastructure facilities through outright purchase, if necessary.
  • The State Government should consider that the entire rehabilitation and resettlement work is undertaken through R&R Commissioner as single point responsibility as well as accountability for R&R, while the actual implementation can be undertaken by other line departments/agencies.
  • The State Government must ensure that R&R work is completed and compensation paid to the project affected as well as project displaced families at least four months prior to submergence or commissioning of the project or their displacement, whichever is earlier
  • The State Government should consider developing an industrial estate/hub adjoining the resettlement area to provide employment and economic opportunities to the displaced families.  Both the State Government as well as the Central Government should consider declaring this industrial estate as tax free with a tax holiday for 10 years.
  • The Commission apprehended that once the dam project is physically completed and affected people are shifted to new places, the concerned R&R officials will be transferred to new responsibilities and it is likely that the people rehabilitated will be left to their destiny and will have to fend to themselves without any supporting institutional mechanism.  Commission, therefore, strongly recommends that there should be a dedicated team of R&R officials to be stationed in rehabilitation area to oversee the developmental activities and other welfare measures for a period of at least 5 years from completion of the project.

GS-2 Mains Fodder points

3-Boost to farmers’ income

Farmer friendly initiatives by the Government:  

  • Besides increase in Minimum Support Prices (MSP) of kharif crops, Government has also taken several farmer friendly initiatives. Theseare as follows:
  • The premium rates to be paid by farmers are very low – 2 % of sum insured for all kharif crops, 1.5% for all rabi crops and 5 % for commercial and horticulture crops under smart technology through phones & remote sensing for quick estimation and early settlement of claims. The Government has also launched a Mobile App “Crop Insurance” which will help farmers to find out complete details about insurance cover available in their area and to calculate the insurance premium for notified crops.
  • The Government has also launched a scheme to develop a pan India electronic trading platform under ‘National Agriculture Market’ (NAM) aiming to integrate 585 regulated markets with the common e-market platform in order to facilitate better price discovery and ensure remunerative prices to farmers.
  • Each State is being encouraged to undertake three major reforms – allow electronic trading, have a single license valid throughout the State and a single entry point market fee.
  • It will also enable farmers to discover better prices for their produce. As on 23rd March, 2018, 585 markets in 16 States and 2 Union Territories have already been brought on the e-NAM platform.
  • Government has also formulated a new model Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2017 to provide farmers market options beyond the existing APMC regulated market yards.
  • Soil Health Cards are being issued to farmers across the country. These will be renewed every two years. The card provides information on fertility status of soil and a soil test based advisory on use of fertilizers. As on 25th June, 2018, 15.14 crore Soil Health Cards have been distributed.
  • Under ParamparagatKrishiVikasYojana (PKVY), the Government is promoting organic farming and development of potential market for organic products.
  • The Pradhan MantriKrishiSinchaiYojana is being implemented with the vision of extending the coverage of irrigation ‘HarKhetkoPani’ and improving water use efficiency ‘Per Drop More Crop ‘ in a focused manner with end to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.
  • Government is focusing on improving production and productivity of crops such as rice, wheat, coarse grains and pulses under the National Food Security Mission.
  • A dedicated online interface e-KrishiSamvad provides direct and effective solutions to problems faced by farmers.
  • Government is encouraging formation of Farmer Producer Organisations. The Budget for 2018-19 has extended a favourable taxation treatment to Farmer Producers Organisations (FPQs) for helping farmers aggregate their needs of inputs, farm services, processing and sale operations.
  • Government has set up a buffer stock of pulses and domestic procurement of pulses is also being done under Price Stabilization Fund (PSF) mainly with a view to protect consumers.
  • The Budget for 2018-19 indicated that increasing MSP. is not adequate and it is more important that farmers should get full benefit of the announced MSP. For this, it is essential that if price of the agriculture produce market is less than MSP, then Government should purchase either at MSP or work in a manner to provide MSP for the farmers through some other mechanism.
  • A handbook for women farmers ‘Farm Women Friendly Hand Book’ containing special provisions and package of assistance which women farmers can claim under various on­ going Missions/ Submissions/ Schemes of Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare has been brought out.
  • With the above measures taken, the Government has set a target to double the farmers’ Income by 2022.

 

4-We need to adopt a multi-pronged strategy to make Agriculture viable and profitable: Vice President

 Vice President suggested the following measures to double the income of farmers,

  • There is a need to exploit the digital technologies to map the natural resources vis-à-vis compatible agricultural systems.
  • Indian space research revolution has provided us with enormous opportunities to achieve this goal to develop spatial and temporal maps. This will help agri-enterprise planning with minimized risk.
  • Establishment of agri-infrastructure at clusters of villages for primary and secondary value addition will help the farmers earn more returns for their produce.
  • It would be a worthwhile proposition to rope in the industry to procure the produce at MSP, process at the cluster level and market them.
  • The government on its part has launched several flagship schemes like Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana and Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (to improve the organic farming practices).
  • There is a vast scope for organic agri-produce as more and more people globally are becoming health conscious.
  • supporting industrial policies are also required at both the State and Central levels so that both agriculture and industry go hand in hand. Like IT parks and Pharma parks, Agri-parks should be promoted to address the deep-rooted agrarian crisis in a holistic manner. Startups in agriculture sector also should be promoted
  • The Government has been constantly addressing the marketing related issues and one of the innovative schemes has been ‘eNational Agricultural Market (eNAM)’.
  • Under the e-NAM project, the turnover has reached Rs.100 crore and it is being operated in 585 markets in 16 states and two union territories. There are 90 approved commodities for the farmers to trade and the prices of commodities are available online.
  • There is also vast scope for enhancing the profits of farmers through horticultural produce such as vegetables, fruits and flowers.
  • However, due to their perishable nature, there is a need for establishment of cold-storage chain

 

5-Successful flight testing of Crew Escape System – Technology Demonstrator

  • ISRO carried out a major technology demonstration today, the first in a series of tests to qualify a Crew Escape System, which is a critical technology relevant for human spaceflight.
  • The Crew Escape System is an emergency escape measure designed to quickly pull the crew module along with the astronauts to a safe distance from the launch vehicle in the event of a launch abort.
  • The first test (Pad Abort Test) demonstrated the safe recovery of the crew module in case of any exigency at the launch pad.

The crew module reached an altitude of nearly 2.7 km under the power of its seven specifically designed quick acting solid motors to take away the crew module to a safe distance without exceeding the safe g-levels